16 Blood About this Chapter Plasma in addition to the cellular elements of blood Blood cell

16 Blood About this Chapter Plasma in addition to the cellular elements of blood Blood cell www.phwiki.com

16 Blood About this Chapter Plasma in addition to the cellular elements of blood Blood cell

Ferguson, Mickey, Meteorologist has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal 16 Blood About this Chapter Plasma in addition to the cellular elements of blood Blood cell production Red blood cells Platelets in addition to coagulation Composition of Blood Figure 16-1 (1 of 2)

Ecole Suprieure de Commerce de Marseille-Provence FR www.phwiki.com

This Particular University is Related to this Particular Journal

Composition of Blood Figure 16-1 (2 of 2) Plasma Proteins Cellular Elements Three main cellular elements Platelets split off from megakaryocyte Five types of mature white blood cells Monocytes develop into macrophages Tissue basophils are mast cells Neutrophils, monocytes in addition to macrophages are known as phagocytes Lymphocytes are also called immunocytes Basophils, eosinophils in addition to neutrophils are also called granulocytes

Clinical Tests The blood count Hematocrit: ratio of red blood cells to plasma Figure 16-3 Hematopoiesis Figure 16-2

Focus on Bone Marrow Figure 16-4a Focus on Bone Marrow Figure 16-4c Overall components of bone marrow- see reticular cells in addition to sinus capillary Focus on Bone Marrow Figure 16-4c (6 of 11) Pay attention to RBC as long as mation in addition to entry to blood stream

Focus on Bone Marrow Figure 16-4c (10 of 11) Pay attention to WBC in addition to platelet as long as mation Transport oxygen in addition to carbon dioxide. Originate in bone marrow in addition to as they mature they expel their organelles be as long as e entering the blood stream. Most numerous component of as long as med elements. Contain no nucleus or organelles, instead they are packed with hemoglobin. There are three important characteristics of red blood cells: 1. Their concave shape allows as long as 30% more surface area as long as carrying oxygen. 2. 97% of their content is hemoglobin. It is used as long as binding both oxygen in addition to CO2 3. They depend on anaerobic respiration thus they do not consume any oxygen Erythrocytes Red Blood Cells Figure 16-5

Osmotic Changes to Red Blood Cells Morphology of red blood cells can provide clues to the presence of disease.- diagram shows cells in solutions of different salt concentrations. Figure 16-6 Iron Metabolism Figure 16-7 Normally the body stores iron- women need to consume more iron than men. Why Red Blood Cells Live as long as about 120 days- old cells get broken at the spleen or cleared by macrophages Hemoglobin components are recycled- iron is reused to make new hemoglobin Remnants of heme groups – the other components are take to the liver in addition to become components of bile Bilirubin in addition to excreted in bile Jaundice Elevated levels of bilirubin

Red Blood Cells Anemia is a condition in which not enough oxygen is delivered to the tissues. This condition can be caused by many factors. Sickled Red Blood Cells Figure 16-8 A single genetic mutation error in one amino acids produces a proteins with an irregular shape causing many problems Platelets in addition to Megakaryocytes Figure 16-9a

Hemostasis (not homeostasis) Keeps blood within blood vessels (hemorrhage does not) Requires: 1- vasoconstriction, 2- platelet plug as long as mation, 3- blood coagulation (seal hole) Coagulation cascade results in as long as mation of fibrin, a fiber mesh that stabilizes the platelet plug=clot Plasmin is an enzyme that dissolves the clot as the tissue heals A thrombus results from too much clot as long as mation in addition to can block a blood vessel Platelet Plug Formation Figure 16-11 Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 Diagram series displays the mechanisms as long as restoring broken blood vessels

Ferguson, Mickey Fox 6 News at Noon - WBRC-TV Meteorologist www.phwiki.com

Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (3 of 17) Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (5 of 17) Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (8 of 17)

Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (9 of 17) Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (13 of 17) Overview of Hemostasis in addition to Tissue Repair Figure 16-10 (14 of 17)

Summary Plasma in addition to cellular elements Plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, in addition to megakaryocytes Plasma proteins in addition to their functions Five types of white blood cells Blood cell production Hematopoiesis in addition to cytokines Red blood cell Transferrin, ferritin, bilirubin, bile, in addition to jaundice Platelets in addition to coagulation Hemostasis, platelet plug, platelet adhesion, platelet aggregation, in addition to fibrin Coagulation cascade, fibrinogen, thrombin, plasmin, prostacyclin, in addition to anticoagulants Blood Typing

Ferguson, Mickey Meteorologist

Ferguson, Mickey is from United States and they belong to Fox 6 News at Noon – WBRC-TV and they are from  Birmingham, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Ferguson, Mickey deal with the subjects like Meteorology

Journal Ratings by Ecole Suprieure de Commerce de Marseille-Provence

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Ecole Suprieure de Commerce de Marseille-Provence and short form of this particular Institution is FR and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.