Abdomen & GI system FINAL RT 91- Pathology Spring 2010 Regions & Quadrants o

Abdomen & GI system FINAL RT 91- Pathology Spring 2010  Regions & Quadrants o www.phwiki.com

Abdomen & GI system FINAL RT 91- Pathology Spring 2010 Regions & Quadrants o

Faherty, Jim, News Director and Co-host has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Abdomen & GI system FINAL RT 91- Pathology Spring 2010 Regions & Quadrants of Abdomen Contents of Abdominal Cavity Digestive system Stomach in addition to Intestines Hepatobiliary System Liver, gallbladder, & pancreas Urinary system Kidneys, ureters in addition to bladder Circulatory system spleen

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Gastrointestinal System Alimentary tract- serves to digest & absorb food Consists of Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Stomach SM & LG bowel Rectum Small Bowel 21 FT long Duodenum Duodenal c-loop ends at ligament of Treitz Jejunum Connects to ileum Ileum Terminates at ileocecal junction Large Intestine 6 FT long Extends from ileocecal junction Ascending colon (hepatic flexure) Transverse colon (splenic flexure) Descending colon Sigmoid Rectum Anus Hepatic flexure Splenic flexure Sigmoid

Congenital in addition to Hereditary Anomalies Esophageal Atresia Looping of the feeding tube 2. Atypically short esophagus & terminates in blind pouch 2. Air in stomach Esophageal Atresia Congenital anomaly Esophagus fails to — past some point Symptoms come soon after birth Salivation, gagging, choking, dyspnea, cyanosis

Tracheoesophageal Fistula Tracheoesophageal Fistula Duodenal Atresia On x-ray a “double-bubble” sign is demonstrated gas in stomach is one bubble Gas in proximal duodenum is the second bubble

Duodenal Atresia Congenital anomaly — of duodenum does not exist Resulting in a complete — Colonic Atresia Colonic Atresia Congenital failure of development of the — Frequent complication includes fistula as long as mation to the genitourinary system Must be repaired surgically

Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Pyloric canal leading out of the stomach is greatly narrowed Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis Congenital anomaly of the stomach Pyloric canal leading out of the stomach is greatly narrowed because of hypertrophy of the pyloric sphincter Most common indication as long as surgery in infants Malrotation Small bowel on right in addition to colon on left Cecum is not located in the RLQ Malrotation Intestines are not in their normal position Usually asymptomatic Can lead to bowel volvulus or incarceration of bowel Surgery is required with a resection of bowel involved Cecum on left

Hirschsprung’s Disease — Dilated — colon with massive amounts of feces Narrowed segment just below the dilatation Feces Narrowing Dilated Sigmoid Hirschsprung’s Disease AKA Congenital Megacolon Absence of neurons in the bowel wall This absence prevents normal relaxation of the colon & subsequent peristalsis Results in gross dilatation Meckel’s Diverticulum Difficult to diagnose with x-ray Nuclear Medicine is better Sac-like anomaly within ileocecal valve

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Meckel’s Diverticulum Congenital — of the distal ileum Is remnant of a duct connecting the SB to the umbilicus in the fetus Celiac Sprue X-rays show segmentation of the barium column, flocculation (resembling tufts of cotton) & edematous mucosal changes Celiac Sprue Hereditary disorder with increased sensitivity to gluten Interferes with normal — in addition to — of food

Inflammatory Disease Esophageal Strictures X-rays show peristalsis is transitory Contour appears ragged Esophageal Strictures Caused by ingestion of caustic materials Household cleaners Detergents Sulfuric acid Sodium hydroxide – the esophagus causing edema, swelling, & possible per as long as ation Requires repeated —

Endoscopic Procedures Fiberoptic tube device to look inside hollow organs or cavities Upper endoscopy can see esophagus, stomach, duodenum & proximal jejunum Colonoscopy to the terminal ileum Small bowel is still out of reach Capsule endoscopy is a camera pill that is swallowed in addition to takes pictures of the GI tract Drawbacks include inability to biopsy area in addition to locate pathology Insurance reimbursement Also used as long as several therapeutic applications Biopsies Stent placement Polyp removal Stone removal

Faherty, Jim News Director and Co-host

Faherty, Jim is from United States and they belong to WERC-AM and they are from  Birmingham, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Faherty, Jim deal with the subjects like City/Metropolitan News; Local News; Regional News

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