Age of Anxiety in addition to Uncertainty ) Modern Literature in addition to Modern Cinema The Democratization of Desire in addition to Modernism
West, Erich, Operations Manager has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Age of Anxiety in addition to Uncertainty Reading: Smith, et al., 913-921OverviewWorld War I was really awful as long as most people Technology had so trans as long as med the face of the war that many things were called into question.Even be as long as e the war, there was tension as people were asking questions in addition to doubting that everything was so wonderful.There was a crisis of modernity.The idea that each generation was better off than the one be as long as e was questioned.Modern PhilosophyNietzsche (1844-1900) Western civilization has emphasized rationality at the expense of passion in addition to instinct.Christianity glorified weakness, envy, in addition to mediocrityGod is deadDemocracy isnt workingRespectability stifles self-realizationPeople have no authenticityWill to power
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Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) ExistentialismGod has nothing to do with giving life meaning.Human beings simply exist.There is no God to help themThere is no reason to help them.Man is as long as ced to be freeTo be free, men in addition to women must become engaged in addition to choose actions correctly.Human beings are responsible as long as their own behavior.Became really popular after World War II, a war in which actions in addition to consciousness induced men in addition to women to either act courageously or abominablyScience foundation of Enlightenment, reason in addition to progress.At the end of the 19th century, scientists found atoms not hard, permanent little balls.Atoms consists of many smaller fast-moving particles, including electrons in addition to protonsMarie Curie (1867-1934) in addition to her husb in addition to found that radium emits subatomic particles so it has no constant atomic weight.Max Plank (1858-1947) found that subatomic energy is emitted from vibrating electron in uneven spurts or quanta. Calls into question old distinction of matter in addition to energy.He also called into question atoms as stable building blocks of natureNew PhysicsAlbert Einstein (1879-1955)Light propagated through space in the as long as m of particles (photons)E=mc2Special theory of relativity.Time in addition to space relative to the viewpoint of the observerGeneral theory of relativityNewtons universe three dimensional while Einsteins universe four dimensional space-time continuity
Ruther as long as d (1871-1937)Showed atom could be split into smaller particles.Crucial as long as subsequent development of atomic weaponsWerner Heisenberg (1901-1927)Principle of UncertaintyInstead of Newtons certainties, we now have a physics based on tendencies in addition to probabilitiesRuther as long as d (1871-1937) in addition to Werner Heisenberg (1901-1927)Freudian PsychologySigmund Freud (1856-1939)Interested in unconscious behaviorTheory of psychoanalysisHis conclusion was that human behavior is basically irrational, not rational behavior of Enlightenment thought.Franz Kafka captured the sense of nightmarish 20th century world in The Metamorphosis, as well as others.Oswald Spengler wrote Decline of the West which was the obituary of civilization.Also two war novels were written:Ernest Hemingway, A Farewell to Arms.Erich Remarque, All Quiet on the Western FrontGerman expressionist films came out during this time period.The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919) which was trying to answer the question, Is the director of the insane asylum himself an insane murdererMetropolis was about the madness of industrial capitalization. Modern Literature in addition to Modern Cinema
Modern Art-OverviewCamera invented in 19th Century.Great images of U.S. Civil WarMatthew Bradys photographsKodak personal camera introduced at the end of the century. Why paint realistic paintings if camera can better capture reality. No color photos yet.ImpressionismFrench paintersFrench PaintersClaude Monet (1840-1926)Camille Pissaro (1830-1903)Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)Their goal was to capture the overall picture of things by capturing light falling on the scene be as long as e their eyes.
Modern ArtistsPainted what is in his mindIncreasingly as long as m became more important than light Paul Cezanne (1893-1906)Henri Mattisse (1869-1954)Pablo Picasso (1891-1973) Cubismall of these artists trying to capture in as long as m inner essence of things not superficial surfaceCubismDali in addition to SurrealismSalvador Dali (1904-1989) was involved in Surrealism which exalted the irrational, the violent, in addition to the absurd in human experiences
Dali in addition to SurrealismWestern music tradition since the Renaissance major-minor system of tonalityNew musicians began to explore polytonality.Igor StravinskyAchieved effects through polytonality, dissonant harmonies, in addition to percussive rhythmsRites of Spring was a pre-World War I ballet which undermines common conventions of ballets with his jarring music. Dancers engaged in representation of reproductionExtremely shocking when first per as long as med in Paris in 1913. It became more popular after World War IArnold Schoenberg (1874-1951) ab in addition to oned traditional harmony in addition to tonality altogether in addition to arranged the 12 notes of the scale in an abstract mathematical pattern, the tone-row which stresses disharmonyModern MusicBauhaus was an institution in Germany that brought together architects, designers, in addition to painters.Walter Gropius (1883-1969) was the first director of Bauhaus. He believed in functional designs, simplicity of shape, in addition to lots of glass.Implemented philosophy as long as m must follow functionInfluenced Swiss-French Architect, Le CorbusierModern Architecture
Global ImpactEuropeans searched as long as non-Western inspiration.Paul Gauguin (1848-1903) searched the South Pacific as long as unspoiled beauty in addition to a primitive way of life.Josephine Baker (1906-1975) was an African American who was a dancer, singer, entertainer who was popular in 1930s Paris Jazz was the music from the American Blacks which combined gospels, African rhythms, in addition to erotic blues. It was very popular in Europe. More on Global ImpactTrinidad was where Calypso was a popular music. Songs about urban hunger, unemployment, in addition to social upheaval.Negritude Movement in France was closely connected to surrealists.The Democratization of DesireRadioHollywoodShoppingModernismA word to collectively describe these common features of Western art in addition to culture.Form is emphasized at the expense of content.A systematic in addition to determined rejection of the classical modelsCulture is increasingly globalThe Democratization of Desire in addition to Modernism
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