Aim Talk Outline Introduction Study Area Limiting Factors

Aim Talk Outline Introduction Study Area Limiting Factors www.phwiki.com

Aim Talk Outline Introduction Study Area Limiting Factors

Stanley, Sharon, Managing Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal CONJUNCTIVE WATER USE AS A SOLUTION TO SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN LAKE CHAD BASIN, AFRICA by Solomon A. Isiorho, Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne, Indiana, USA J. A. Oguntola in addition to A. Olojoba Lake Chad Basin Commission, N’Djamena, Chad Republic Aim Examine water use in semi-arid region in developing nations Water water water r Talk Outline Introduction Limiting Factors Importance of Lake Chad Current/ongoing studies Possible Solutions Conclusions

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Introduction L.ake Chad Basin Study Area

Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Limiting Factor: Drought

Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Population Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Population Conflicts Limiting Factors: Conflicts Changing Shorelines Flux in Boundary demarcation Water rights

Limiting Factors: Conflicts Changing Shorelines Flux in Boundary demarcation Water rights Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Population Conflicts None involvement of Stakeholders Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Population Conflicts None involvement of Stakeholders Pollution

Limiting Factors Global Climate Change Droughts Population Conflicts None involvement of Stakeholders Pollution Education Importance of Lake Chad Political Boundary Provides Protein (Fish) Importance of Lake Chad Political Boundary Provides Protein (Fish) Provides jobs Provides water

Importance of Lake Chad Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo appeals to the UN Development Programme in addition to other international agencies as long as help in reversing the gradual recession in addition to degradation of Lake Chad, once the world’s sixth largest, “Your vision as long as the people of the Lake Chad basin must have at its core the security in addition to well-being of the suffering masses as well as the unity of the member-nations,” In Abuja at the opening of the 47th session of the Lake Chad Basin Commission Copyright (c) UN Office as long as the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 2000-0003bA-00 (Wednesday 8 March) Current/ongoing studies Field-based Studies Field-based Studies Hydrogeology Wells Geophysical method

Results/Discussions Hydrogeology Results/Discussions Hydrogeology Field-based Studies Hydrogeology Wells Geophysical method Remote Sensing/GIS Shoreline monitoring Lineaments Inventory

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Results/Discussions Remote Sensing Results/Discussions Remote Sensing

Results/Discussions Remote Sensing Chari Hydrograph at N’Djamena Years Max. Levels Max. discharge Total Annual (cm) (cm3/s) 10 9m3 1983/84 525 1912 16.54 1984/85 302 779 6.72 1985/86 565 2160 16.81 1986/87 501 1770 15.17 1987/88 416 1310 9.56 1988/89 756 3460 28.34 1989/90 489 1700 15.75 1990/91 411 1290 11.48 ——-Flood peaks in addition to flow volume of Chari River at N’Djamena (Irivboje, 1991) “As a result of persistent drought since the 1960s, the lake has shrunk to one-tenth of its size.” Copyright (c) UN Office as long as the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 2000-0003bA-00 (Wednesday 8 March)

Possible Solution(s) Role of Lake Chad Basin Commission coordinate data collection/management Members states of the commission, as long as med in 1964 to ensure optimal use of the lake basin’s water resources, are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger in addition to Nigeria. The commission is also supposed to coordinate the planning in addition to implementation of all regional projects of the lake basin, review complaints in addition to help settle disputes. Conclusions Sustainable economic development possible Hydrology Conjunctive use of surface in addition to ground water Stakeholders Involvement Education A two-way process Conclusions

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