Animal BehaviorBiology 17Why Study Animal BehaviorAnimal BehaviorHistory

Animal BehaviorBiology 17Why Study Animal BehaviorAnimal BehaviorHistory www.phwiki.com

Animal BehaviorBiology 17Why Study Animal BehaviorAnimal BehaviorHistory

Taylor, Andy, Host/Producer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Animal BehaviorBiology 17Why Study Animal BehaviorAnimal BehaviorHistory

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Prehistoric TimesCave Drawings 40000 BCAncient Greek PeriodGreek Writing 1700 BC – Head injury in addition to brain function340 BC – Aristotle – Anatomist /PhilosopherHistoria AnimaliumMutualismTool useBrood ParasitismNative AmericansSoutheast Texas – BonfireMass Killings -12000 years ago

The Three FoundationsMedical Anatomy in addition to PhysiologyEvolutionHuman PsychologyMedical Anatomy in addition to PhysiologyAndreas Versalius (1543)De humani corporis fabrica libri septem (On the fabric of the human body in seven books)Paul Broca (1861)Speech ProductionThe Evolutionary FoundationCharles Darwin (1859)The Origin of SpeciesNatural SelectionSexual Selection

The Evolutionary FoundationGeorge John Romanes (1884)Mental Evolution in AnimalsBehavior could be studied among different animals in addition to infer relationshipsInjective knowledgeHuman PsychologyComparative Psychology (Psychologists)This school of thought advocates the use of strict experimental procedures to study observable behaviors (or responses) in relation to environment (or stimuli)Ethology (Zoologists) This school of thought advocates studying behavior under naturalistic conditions. It explores animal behavior in the context of animal anatomy in addition to physiology. Ethologists specifically considered the significance of inherited elements of behavior alongside learned componentsComparative PsychologistsIvan Pavlov (1904)Noble Prize Classical Conditioning

Comparative PsychologistsJohn B. Watson (1930)BehaviorismLittle AlbertComparative PsychologistsB.F. Skinner (1938)The Behavior of OrganismsOperant ConditioningSkinner BoxEthologistsKarl von Frisch (1973)Noble PrizeBee Dance

EthologistsKonrad Lorenz (1973)Noble PrizeImprintingFAPEthogramsEthologistsNiko Tinbergen (1973)Noble PrizeThe Study of InstinctFAP (with Lorenz)Four QuestionsEthologistsNiko Tinbergen (1973)Four QuestionsCausationDevelopmentEvolutionFunctionMneumonicABCDEFProximate vs. Ultimate Questions

Other famous BehavioristsProximate in addition to Ultimate Causes of BehaviorProximateImmediate causesMechanismsUltimateEvolutionary causesAdaptive value of the behaviorMastigias paupuaGolden MedusaMigrates upward during the day in addition to descends at nightAlso migrate from the west to the east during the day in addition to return in the evening

Proximate CauseAt night – undirected pulsing of bell to “taxis” This causes them to head east until they hit the shadows on the east from the trees which cause them to move west in the afternoon.Mechanism – “ocelli” – photosensitive neurons control their swimming behavior in addition to direct them toward the lightUltimate CauseGet most of their food from zooxanthelle (photosynthetic)Over millions of years, individuals that behaved in this way received more food in addition to were able to leave more offspring with the ability to coordinate their muscle contratctions to ensure light as long as the zooxanthelle

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Taylor, Andy Host/Producer

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