Book Reviews Due Today! Unit 7 Quiz Unit 8: Ideology in addition to Worldview Lecture 1 Humans face common problems that require rationalization: Pierre Bourdieu (1977) A Theory of Practice
Kelly, Garry, News Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Book Reviews Due Today! They will be collected at the end of class ONLY. Please take a seat in addition to quietly listen to the lecture, or wait outside. Do not disturb or be disrespectful to other students in the class. Unit 7 Quiz Must be completed by midnight Friday. Unit 8: Ideology in addition to Worldview Lecture 1 Ideology in addition to Practice: The Archaeology of Habitus
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Humans face common problems that require rationalization: Individual Needs: To explain how world works For sense of control in face of crisis To cope with death in addition to fate of human psyche Societal Needs: To create consensus about right in addition to wrong To validate transitions in personal in addition to communal life To legitimize social institutions structures of the mind culturally-constructed; shared in addition to learned in social contexts influences how we perceive in addition to act in the material world of our experience Ideology: broad set of rationalizations as long as common human problems in addition to experiences. Religion: ideology that deals with underst in addition to ing the relationship between humans in addition to the supernatural. Pierre Bourdieu (1977) A Theory of Practice Habitus: our internalized, embodied view of how the world works in addition to how things should be done. Constituted in practice; in how we go about our daily lives; in how we experience the world. Manifested materially Continually reproduced or trans as long as med
Archaeological Case Study: James Deetz (1977) In Small Things Forgotten Argument: between 1607 in addition to 1760 English colonists experienced major trans as long as mation in how they conceived, ordered in addition to lived in the world. This change left distinct imprint on their material surroundings. Example: Domestic Architecture People are conceived, are born, in addition to die in houses The as long as m of a house can be a strong reflection of the needs in addition to the minds of those who built it; in addition, it shapes in addition to directs their behavior. (Deetz 1977) The Anglo-American Worldview Medieval Mindset 17th-early 18th c. Group oriented, corporate, organic, vernacular Early 17th. Century longhouses from Plymouth Colony in NE Reconstructed Earthfast houses at Jamestown, VA
A Gothic building evolved It was not planned it just grew. (Hugh Morrison) Typical English Hall in addition to Parlor Plan Fairbanks House, Dedham, MA. Built 1637. Typical Hall in addition to Parlor Plan, showing organic growth through time Bacons Castle, VA. Built 1665. Jacobean-style w/ Flemish gables in addition to more vernacular, organic, cross-shaped plan. The Anglo-American Worldview Georgian Order Mid 18th c. Focus on individual, as long as mal, orderly, more academic, popular Shirley Plantation, VA. Built ca. 1738 Typical Georgian house plan w/ central hall in addition to more specialized use of space. Judith dug here! Georgian architecture is orderly, planned, in addition to based on popular, academic principles of design 5 3 4 3 5 5 5 3 4 4 Classic 3-4-5 proportions of Shirley Plantation mansion in addition to flanking dependencies.
The Georgian worldview emphasizes as long as m over function Balance in addition to Order The Georgian worldview places more emphasis on the individual Trans as long as mation of Medieval Wordview to Georgian Worldview Result of economic expansion of mercantile capitalism in Anglo-America Rise of literate, secular, middle class Artificial means to impose balance in addition to order on increasingly uncertain social in addition to material world
Building on Deetz Model Mark Leone (1980s) Historic Anapolis, MD Critiqued Deetz as long as not taking into account issues of POWER AND AGENCY Internal contradictions: Rich/Poor; Free/Slave; British/American Threats to economic in addition to political stability of new American middle class William Pacas Garden, Anapolis Ostentatious displays of Power in addition to Wealth Symmetry in addition to Order demonstrate control over nature Reconstructed plan of garden of 18th. century l in addition to owner, William Paca, in Annapolis, MD Georgian style as long as mal garden in VA Ordering Nature = Naturalizing Order Discursive acts designed to stabilize in addition to assert individual prosperity in addition to power-not just a material reflection of it. Mark Leone in addition to his colleagues were concerned to show how Pacas power was placed in law in addition to nature in practicing law in addition to gardening.
How we will collect the Book Reviews . The TAs will place signs on the front of the stage w/ the title of each book. Exit your row to the right, walk down the side aisle to the front, as long as ming a single line. Place your paper in the proper pile. Exit up the left-h in addition to aisle.
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