Both/all approaches vary alongside the question(s) being asked So what?s the problem of the day in consideration of analytic journalists?

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Both/all approaches vary alongside the question(s) being asked So what?s the problem of the day in consideration of analytic journalists?

Delta International University, US has reference to this Academic Journal, What is the Proof necessary in consideration of Truth (whatever that is) Tom Johnson Managing Director Institute in consideration of Analytic Journalism Santa Fe, New Mexico Presentation so that FRIAMGroup’s Applied Complexity Lecture Series Santa Fe, NM USA 24 August 2005 What is the IAJ Analysis using a variety of tools in addition to methods from multiple disciplines Understand multiple phenomena Communicate results so that multiple audiences in a variety of ways. Cornerstones of IAJ General Systems Theory Statistics Visual statistics/infographics Simulation modeling

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Prob of day So what?s the problem of the day in consideration of analytic journalists? So what?s the problem? Ever increasing beyond estimate number of public records databases DB increasingly used in consideration of broad spectrum of decision-making Assumption that data, as given, is correct. Anecdotal evidence suggests that?s not so. Examples of bad data St. Louis Post-Dispatch 1997-98: ? 350 S.Ill. Sex offenders ??found that hundreds of convicted sex offenders don’t actually live at the addresses listed on the sex offender registries in consideration of St. Louis, St. Louis County in addition to the Metro East area.? Every record carried probability between 30-50% of error 1999 – City of St. Louis: ?About 700 Sex Offenders Do Not Appear To Live At The Addresses Listed On A St. Louis Registry.? Boston 2000 BPD – 6 detectives assigned so that cleaning up sex offenders DB

Examples of bad data 2000 – Florida voter registration rolls State hires DBT Online/Choicepoint so that ?purge rolls.? ?Some [counties] found the list too unreliable in addition to didn’t use it at all. ? Counties that did their best so that vet the file discovered a high level of errors, alongside as many as 15 percent of names incorrectly identified as felons.? Source:Plast, Greg. gregpalast /detail.cfm?artid=55 More bad data 2004 – Dallas Morning News ??The state criminal convictions database is so riddled alongside holes that law enforcement officials say public safety is at risk. ?? the state has only 69 percent of the complete criminal histories records in consideration of 2002. In 2001, the state had only 60 percent. Hundreds of thousands of records are missing.? Surely there is a simple solution?. Is there a methodology so that measure, so that know or so that anticipate the quality, i.e. veracity, of a given database? What are the best in addition to most objective ways so that ?X-ray? a DB so that note internal problems or potential problems? Hoping in consideration of answers from statisticians, data miners, forensic accountants, bioinformatics, genomics, physics, etc. ?cause journalists don?t have much of a clue

Systems & Systems Analysis Working Definition of ?System? So, what is a ?procedure? ? Types of Systems Functions of the Systems Analyst SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES What Is a Methodology? Waterfall Development Method More detail Pros in addition to Cons of the Waterfall Method Alternatives so that the SDLC* Parallel Development Method Pros in addition to Cons of Parallel Development Rapid Application Development Three RAD Categories How Prototyping Works Throwaway Prototyping Criteria in consideration of Selecting the Appropriate Methodology How broad should the analysis be? What is the system being studied? The ?sub-optimization? problem ?Black-box? models Sources

Approaches so that database analysis Theoretical/statistical What can we know about a database only based on its size in addition to whether a record?s field/cell is occupied? Are there cheap, fast in addition to good templates/tools so that X-ray the DB? Contextual/statistical How would knowing the context/meaning of data or lack of data in cells change our answers so that previous questions? Are there methodologies so that help us weigh the importance of a variable relative so that the veracity of a record? e.g. is ?name? more important than SS#? Approaches so that database analysis Theoretical/statistical What can we know about a database in addition to its potential validity only based on its size in addition to whether a record?s field/cell is occupied? Are there cheap, fast in addition to good templates/tools so that X-ray the DB Contextual/statistical How would knowing the context/meaning of data or lack of data in cells change our answers so that previous question?A Are there methodologies so that help us weigh the importance of a variable relative so that the veracity of a record? e.g. is ?name? more important than SS#? Both/all approaches vary alongside the question(s) being asked Theoretical database structure DB = Metadata Coding sheet Fields/elements Field tag (name) Character limited/open field Numeric/alpha End-of-Record character Number of records

Theoretical database Assume matrix – 100 records, 10 fields Assume a given in addition to occupied index field (serial record number) Theoretical database Assume matrix – 100 records, 10 fields Assume a given in addition to occupied index field (serial record number) ÿDoes a record’s LCI (Loaded Cell Index), from 10% so that 100%, constitute “proof” of anything?ÿ Theoretical database LAs (logical adjacencies) not necessarily physically adjacent in record layout. Like genome, data present or not present in a field can trigger the presence or lack of data in another.

Assumptions??? The greater a record?s LCI, the greater potential (probability?) that record has enough ?Proof? so that achieve ?True Data” status. Do we think this is true? Probably, even when we have no idea what the data is/means. Still, ?proof? seems so that occupy a density-of-data continuum reaching in consideration of some critical mass. How do we measure that criticality? When software achieves critical mass, it can never be fixed; it can only be discarded in addition to rewritten. Same in consideration of DBs? How do programmers measure that critical mass? Assumptions??? Probably, even when we have no idea what the data is/means. Still, ?proof? seems so that occupy a continuum reaching in consideration of some critical mass. How do we measure that criticality? When focus is on individual record, must have context/meaning/definition in consideration of the variables/elements, otherwise a nonsensical array of possibly random numbers.ÿ There is no opportunity in consideration of Proof of anything, much less Truth. Search in consideration of patterns (in 100+k records) Are there patterns? How can I quickly identify them? Are there consistencies? Do populated cells suggest anything about hierarchy of importance? Are there “Logical Adjacencies,? (LAs)?

Demographics of a database Logical Adjacencies Patterns in LAs? Is there a hierarchy of import/value of LAs? Are there various thresholds of LAs present, i.e. is it better Proof so that have four LAs than three?ÿ Maybe, maybe not.ÿ So how do we create rules so that weigh (a) a cell in addition to (b) weigh LAs.ÿ Demographics of a database Logical Adjacencies If a record does not meet some standard of LA-ness, do we discard it from the analysis because it lacks the potential in consideration of Proof? (Discarded outlier problem) Do patterns of populated cells suggest anything about hierarch of importance or only data input process? Are some records ?better? records? Any ?truth? so that be found? Tools so that quickly, easily see these answers? Working alongside the real stuff Fundrace 2004 Neighbor Search fundrace /neighbors.php Political Money Line fecinfo /cgi-win/indexhtml.exe?MBF=zipcode

Missing data problem. Significant? Realities of DBs ?Dirty? campaign contributions Same person?

?Dirty? campaign contributions Same person? ?Dirty? campaign contributions How do we easily spot these problems in large DB? How do we rectify them in large DB? Same person? Same job? Wrong data Huh? Is there any way so that vet this cell?s data? How many triangulated db?s necessary so that meet some ?proof? index? Does this field have importance (The hierarchy of importance?) so that be worth X time/money so that verify? Is there a better way than drawing a sample in addition to tracking down original data?

Ver 1.0 workshop April 9-12, 2006 Workshop on public database verification in consideration of journalists in addition to social scientists ?Ver? as in ?verification? in addition to ?verify? and, from the Spanish verb ver: ?to see; so that look into; so that examine.? Ver 1.0 Objectives Developing new statistical methods in consideration of DB verification; Building a flowchart/decision tree in consideration of the DB verification process; Developing rules in consideration of creation of a hierarchy of importance/significance of record elements, i.e. variables, in common databases. Seeking suggestions: Automated Affordable Generic or easily adopted so that various DBs Easily understood in addition to alongside error trapping Easy so that learn/apply What is the Proof necessary in consideration of Truth (whatever that is) Tom Johnson Managing Director Institute in consideration of Analytic Journalism Santa Fe, New Mexico Presentation so that FRIAMGroup’s Applied Complexity Lecture Series Santa Fe, NM USA 24 August 2005

Wappler, Margaret Meteorologist

Wappler, Margaret is from United States and they belong to Meteorologist and work for News 13 at 10 PM – KOLD-TV in the AZ state United States got related to this Particular Article.

Journal Ratings by Delta International University

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by ?Dirty? campaign contributions Same person? ?Dirty? campaign contributions How do we easily spot these problems in large DB? How do we rectify them in large DB? Same person? Same job? Wrong data Huh? Is there any way so that vet this cell?s data? How many triangulated db?s necessary so that meet some ?proof? index? Does this field have importance (The hierarchy of importance?) so that be worth X time/money so that verify? Is there a better way than drawing a sample in addition to tracking down original data? and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.