Caffeine, Nicotine in addition to Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the Copan Valley, Honduras Introduction Assumptions Agriculture, Environment, Society Agriculture, Environment in addition to Society (continued)
Lantana, Blaise, Music Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Caffeine, Nicotine in addition to Indigenous Peoples’ Rights in the Copan Valley, Honduras © William Loker Anthropology CSU, Chico Introduction Goal of Research: Underst in addition to the patterns in addition to processes of environmental change in the Copan Valley over the last 50 years. Patterns: the actual, empirical changes in environment that have occurred Processes: the factors responsible as long as these changes Assumptions Agriculture is the activity most responsible as long as environmental change in the Valley because: Agriculture directly affects environment through de as long as estation, species replacement, use of inputs, etc. Agriculture is primary economic activity in Valley
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Agriculture, Environment, Society Agricultural decision making (which crops to grow, where in addition to how) is determined by a wide variety of cultural factors (social, economic, political) Agricultural l in addition to use changes in response to these factors Varying agricultural practices have differing environmental effects Agriculture, Environment in addition to Society (continued) Underst in addition to ing environmental change requires underst in addition to ing agriculture Underst in addition to ing agriculture requires underst in addition to ing cultural context Underst in addition to ing cultural context requires anthropological fieldwork
Overview of Agriculture in the Copan Valley Tobacco: boom in addition to bust on the Valley floor Maize: Subsistence crop par excellence Coffee: boom in addition to bust in the hills Cattle: st in addition to by of the rich, hope as long as the poor Overview of Valley Ecology Tropical wet/dry Valley long-cleared as long as agriculture Foothills mosaic of agriculture, pastures, secondary as long as est Hillsides pines, oaks, ag, pastures, fallow Valley bottom: prime l in addition to s Flat, alluvial l in addition to s Easily irrigated Historically used as long as cash crops, especially tobacco Maize in off-season
Tobacco: boom in addition to bust Tobacco: Patrimony of Copan Rise in addition to Fall of Virginia/flue-cured Contract farming Current cultivation
Indigenous People: from peon to New l in addition to holding class Chorti Maya,Hombres de Maiz Original Copanecos Dispossessed agricultural labor Cultural revitalization Ethno-political movement L in addition to recovery!
Chorti: From L in addition to Recovery to L in addition to Management Over 5,000 hectares of l in addition to recovered Major questions of l in addition to management Goals: economically viable, socially equitable, sustainable l in addition to uses Participatory Mapping in addition to Planning Map l in addition to s, inventory resources Assist community in setting priorities Assist community in implementing management plan Coffee: cash crop dynamics Second most valuable commodity traded internationally Honduras, historically retarded, recent growth (since 1980s) Current (2001) prices lowest in history
Agroecology of Coffee Grown on hillsides (>800 mts) Shade versus sun grown Varying scales Conventional vs organic Social Relations of Coffee Production Processing coffee: a matter of scale .
Organic Coffee: certification, production, marketing Environmental change: what are we trying to explain How do we measure it De as long as estation Habitat loss Flora Fauna Vegetation cover: an operational measure Aerial photographs: 1955, 1979, 1999 GIS Environmental change in Copan: a work in progress Vegetation cover mapped from 1955, 1979 digitized analysis underway Agriculture is dynamic, l in addition to scape is changing Underst in addition to ing social context is key to underst in addition to ing environmental change
Lantana, Blaise Music Director
Lantana, Blaise is from United States and they belong to KJZZ-FM and they are from Tempe, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Lantana, Blaise deal with the subjects like Jazz; Music Programming
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