Causes of the Civil War Why did they fight Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War

Causes of the Civil War Why did they fight Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War

Causes of the Civil War Why did they fight Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War Casualties of the Civil War

Nelson, Monica, Midday On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Indiana’s Historic Pathways Teacher Workshop October 7, 2014 Prestige – Men in power Political – Man of power Pride – From each soldier Honor – From each soldier no matter the rank Importance to the: Greedy Political Power Moguls Slavery Causes of the Civil War Why did they fight At least 618,000 Americans died in the Civil War. Some experts say the toll reached 700,000. These casualties exceed the nation’s loss in all its other wars from the Revolution through Vietnam. Casualties of the Civil War

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The Union armies had from 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men. Their losses, by the best estimates: Battle deaths: 110,070 Disease, etc.: 250,152 Total: 360,222 The Confederate strength, known less accurately because of missing records, was from 750,000 to 1,250,000. Its estimated losses: Battle deaths: 94,000 Disease, etc.: 164,000 Total: 258,000 Casualties of the Civil War Civil War Battle Casualties New military technology combined with old-fashioned tactical doctrine to produce a scale of battle casualties unprecedented in American history. Casualties of the Civil War Civil War Service by Population Even with close to total conscription, the South could not match the North’s numerical strength. Southerners also stood a significantly greater chance of being killed, wounded, or captured. Casualties of the Civil War

Confederate Military Deaths by State Casualties of the Civil War Union Military Deaths by State Casualties of the Civil War Indiana in addition to the Civil War

Indiana was one of the earliest states in the Union to respond to Abraham Lincoln’s initial call as long as 75,000 volunteers to put down the rebellion. Indiana’s initial quota was as long as 7,500 volunteers. This was quickly met & many thous in addition to s of potential volunteers were turned away. A total of 208,367 men from Indiana served. Of these men, over 24,416 Hoosiers were killed or died during their service. More than twice that number returned to the state bearing disfiguring in addition to debilitating wounds in addition to scars. Indiana in addition to the Civil War Indiana assembled 126 infantry regiments, 26 batteries of artillery in addition to 13 regiments of cavalry. Indiana’s heroic role in the Civil War was made possible by Oliver Perry Morton. He willfully violated Indiana’s Constitution by borrowing, without authorization, the millions of dollars necessary to equip in addition to feed Indiana’s soldiers. The war impacted Hoosier men who would return to lead both the state in addition to the Nation in the post-war years. Men such as Benjamin Harrison, who would rise from a Civil War colonel to the Presidency, bore the lessons learned from the conflict as they helped move America into a world role. Indiana in addition to the Civil War September 17, 1861 A train carrying 250 men of the 19th Illinois Regiment from Cairo, Illinois to Cincinnati in addition to Washtington, D.C. The train wrecked in Willow Valley (Eastern Martin County, Indiana) when a bridge collapsed. 40 men were killed in addition to 100 others were injured 1861 Troop Train Wreck

1861 Troop Train Wreck Indiana housed a large majority of Confederate prisoners of war. Camps often started as training camps as long as Union soldiers in addition to then turned into prison camps as long as Confederate soldiers. Camp Morton began as a training camp but after the Battle of Shiloh, it became one of the most important prison camps in the area. Indiana Civil War Camps Camp Colfax – La Porte County Camp Jackson – La Porte County Camp Hughes – Gosport Camp Ben Harrison – Indianapolis Camp Stilwell-Anderson – La Porte County Camp Allen – Fort Wayne Camp Mitchell – Kendallville Camp Rose – South Bend Camp Wabash/Camp Petit – Wabash Camp Tippecanoe – Lafayette Camp Vigo – Terre Haute Camp Dick Thompson – Terre Haute Camp Joe Holt – Jeffersonville Civil War Training Camps

Camp Morton in Indianapolis began as a training camp when Governor Oliver Morton called as long as 12,000 men from Indiana to fight. After the Battle of Shiloh, it became one of the most important prison camps in the area. Camp Morton Most Confederate soldiers captured in Kentucky in addition to Tennessee were taken to Camp Morton. The camp became known as long as its overcrowding in addition to deplorable living conditions. Built as long as 3,000 people, the camp often housed 5,000 prisoners. Prisoners were said to be walking skeletons who were lucky to eat once a day. Malnutrition in addition to disease from poor sanitary conditions killed many soldiers staying at the prison camp. During Morgan’s Raid, Morgan considered moving up toward Indianapolis to release the imprisoned Confederate soldiers but ultimately he decided to head toward Ohio. Ironically, all of Morgan’s troops captured during the raid were taken to Camp Morton. Camp Morton Camp Harrison was located in Terre Haute Indiana, where Fairbanks Park is located today. It was in operation from February to June, 1862 to house the overflow of confederate POW troops from Camp Morton in Indianapolis. At its peak, it housed 500 confederate prisoners. The camp closed once space was available at Camp Morton. Camp Harrison

Camp Lawrence was used as a Union training camp in addition to a confederate prisoner of war interment camp. The camp was located just southeast of Breckenridge Cemetery in Bed as long as d, Indiana. 25 unknown Confederate in addition to 7 unknown Union soldiers are buried in this cemetery. Camp Lawrence Camp Lawrence On July 8, 1863, Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan in addition to 2,000 cavalrymen crossed the Ohio River into Indiana using two captured steamboats. In what was the only major military activity in Indiana during the Civil War, Morgan in addition to his men pillaged southern Indiana as long as six days. 20 Hoosiers were killed during the raid, 24 known wounded, in addition to an untold amount of destruction. Morgan’s Raid

Morgan’s Raid July 9 – Battle of Corydon & looting of the town July 10 – Raiders loot Salem & burn the railroad depot Union as long as ces enter Indiana from Kentucky to pursue Morgan July 11 – Union as long as ces in Vernon as long as ce Morgan to turn back Morgan travels to Dupont as long as the night, burning bridges along the way. July 12 – Morgan in addition to his raiders arrive in Versailles & robbed the county treasury of $5,000 July 13 – Raiders cross enter Ohio in addition to burn their last Hoosier bridge July 26 – Morgan in addition to his Raiders are finally captured in northeastern Ohio Morgan’s Raid July 9, 1863 – Indiana’s only Civil War battle site 450 members of the Harrison County Home Guard tried to delay General John Hunt Morgan’s 2,400 Confederate soldiers, in hopes that Union rein as long as cements would arrive in addition to stop Morgan’s raid. The Harrison County Home Guard had drawn a battle line behind a hastily thrown up barricade of logs. The battle lasted less than an hour. By outflanking both wings at the same time, Morgan’s men completely routed the militia. 4 of the guards were killed, several were wounded, 355 were captured, in addition to the remainder escaped. The victory was not without cost to the Raiders. 11 Raiders were killed in addition to 40 were wounded. Morgan paroled the prisoners upon entering the town of Corydon. The afternoon was spent plundering the stores in addition to collecting ransom money. Battle of Corydon

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Boys in the Civil War Unknown Union Soldier Johnny Clem Unknown Confederate Soldier More than 2,000,000 Federal soldiers were twenty-one or under (of a total of some 2,700,000) More than 1,000,000 were eighteen or under. About 800,000 were seventeen or under. About 200,000 were sixteen or under. About 100,000 were fifteen or under. Three hundred were thirteen or under-most of these fifers or drummers, but regularly enrolled, in addition to sometimes fighters. Twenty-five were ten or under. Boys in the Civil War Civil War Surgeon’s Kit

Additional Resources County Museums The Civil War documentary by Ken Burns Teacher lesson plans The Gettysburg Address November 19, 1863

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