Chapter 2: The Well-Being of the Professional Rescuer Cognitive Objectives 1-2.8

Chapter 2: The Well-Being of the Professional Rescuer Cognitive Objectives 1-2.8 www.phwiki.com

Chapter 2: The Well-Being of the Professional Rescuer Cognitive Objectives 1-2.8

Blaine, Sydney, Executive Producer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Chapter 2: The Well-Being of the Professional Rescuer Cognitive Objectives 1-2.8 Discuss the importance of body substance isolation (BSI). 1-2.9 Describe the steps the Professional Rescuer should take as long as personal protection from airborne in addition to bloodborne pathogens. 1-2.10 List the personal protective equipment necessary as long as each of the following situations: Affective Objective 1-2.11 Explain the rationale as long as serving as an advocate as long as the use of appropriate protective equipment. Psychomotor Objectives 1-2.12 Given a scenario with potential infectious exposure, the Professional Rescuer will use appropriate personal protective equipment. At the completion of the scenario, the Professional Rescuer will properly remove in addition to discard the protective garments. 1-2.13 Given the above scenario, the Professional Rescuer will complete disinfection/cleaning in addition to all reporting documentation.

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Additional Objectives (1 of 3) Describe the various ways by which communicable diseases can be transmitted from one person to another. Define the term “universal precautions” in addition to describe when it is appropriate to use such measures. Identify appropriate task-specific personal protective equipment. b Cognitive Additional Objectives (2 of 3) Identify possible occupational diseases in addition to methods of risk assessment. Identify the role of a testing in addition to immunization program in protecting the Professional Rescuer from communicable diseases. Identify the benefits of an exposure control plan. Identify how the following diseases are transmitted in addition to discuss the steps to take to prevent in addition to /or deal with an exposure to each: hepatitis, meningitis, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS. The Well-Being of the Professional Rescuer Personal health, safety, in addition to well-being are vital to an EMS operation. Hazards vary greatly. Mental in addition to physical stresses are part of the job.

Self-Control Is achieved through: Proper training Experience Strategies to cope with stress Dedication to serving others Emotional Aspects of Emergency Care Even the most experienced providers have difficulty overcoming personal reactions. Emotions must be kept under control at the scene. Death in addition to Dying (2 of 2) Death is something you might have to face depending on the setting as long as which you are in. Coming to grips with death is part of delivering care.

The Grieving Process 1. Denial: Refusal to accept 2. Anger: Blaming others 3. Bargaining: Promising to change 4. Depression: Openly expressing grief 5. Acceptance: The simple “yes” What Can an Professional Rescuer Do Provide gentle, caring support. Make helpful statements in addition to comments. Be yourself in addition to sincere. Underst in addition to that grief is a process that must be worked through. Initial Care of the Dying, Critically Ill, or Injured Patient Anxiety Pain in addition to fear Anger in addition to hostility Depression Dependency Guilt Mental health problems Receiving unrelated bad news

Caring as long as Critically Ill in addition to Injured Patients (1 of 2) Avoid sad in addition to grim comments. Orient the patient. Be honest. Injured in addition to Critically Ill Children Basic treatments remain the same. Consider variations between children in addition to adults. Being accompanied by a relative may relieve the child’s anxiety. Stressful Situations Mass-casualty situations Infant in addition to child trauma Amputations Abuse Death or injury of a coworker

Factors Affecting Patient Reactions to Stressful Situations Fear of medical personnel Alcohol/substance abuse Chronic diseases Mental disorders Medication reactions Age Nutritional status Guilt feelings Past experience Uncertain Situations When uncertain if the patient’s condition is an emergency, contact medical control. Minor symptoms may be early signs of severe illness or injury. When in doubt, error on the side of caution. Stress Warning Signs in addition to the Work Environment EMS is a high-stress job. Underst in addition to the causes of stress. Prevent stress from negatively affecting you.

Physiological Manifestations of the Fight-or-Flight Response (1 of 2) Rise in respirations in addition to pulse Increase in blood pressure Cool, clammy skin Dilated pupils Physiological Manifestations of the Fight-or-Flight Response (2 of 2) Tensed muscles Increase blood glucose levels Perspiration Decreased circulation to GI tract Physical Symptoms of Stress Fatigue Changes in appetite Headaches Insomnia/hypersomnia Irritability

Psychological Reactions to Stress Fear Depression Anger Frustration Signs in addition to Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Depression Startle reactions Flashback phenomena Amnesia of event Critical Incident Stress Management Confronts responses to critical incidents in addition to defuses them Process designed to help EMS personnel deal with responses to critical incidents Composed of trained peers in addition to mental health professionals

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Stress in addition to Nutrition (1 of 3) Prolonged stress drains the body’s reserves. Under stress, body’s fuel sources are consumed in large quantities. Stress in addition to Nutrition (2 of 3) Glucose Quickest source of energy Taken from glycogen stored in liver Proteins Drawn from muscles Long-term source of glucose Stress in addition to Nutrition (3 of 3) Fats Used by tissues as long as energy Water Conserved by retaining sodium Vitamins in addition to minerals Depletes vitamins B, C, in addition to most minerals that are not stored in large amounts by the body

Benefits of Exercise in addition to Proper Nutrition Muscles will grow in addition to retain protein. Bones store calcium in addition to become stronger. Well-balanced meals provide necessary nutrients to body. Stress Management There are positive in addition to negative ways of h in addition to ling stress. Stress is unavoidable. Underst in addition to the effects of stress. Find balance in life. Strategies to Manage Stress (1 of 2) Change or eliminate stressors. Change partners to avoid negative or hostile personality. Stop complaining or worrying about things you cannot change. Exp in addition to your social support system.

Violent Situations Civil disturbances Domestic disputes Crime scenes Large gatherings Safety If personal safety is in doubt, do not place yourself at risk. Behavioral Emergencies Determinants of violence Past history Posture Vocal activity Physical activity

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