Civil WarWJES- Mrs. Bryant 5th GradeGeorgia St in addition to ards Historical Underst in addition to ingsS

Civil WarWJES- Mrs. Bryant 5th GradeGeorgia St in addition to ards Historical Underst in addition to ingsS www.phwiki.com

Civil WarWJES- Mrs. Bryant 5th GradeGeorgia St in addition to ards Historical Underst in addition to ingsS

Ramirez, Jasmine, Midday On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Civil WarWJES- Mrs. Bryant 5th GradeGeorgia St in addition to ards Historical Underst in addition to ingsSS5H1 Explain the causes, major events, in addition to consequences of the Civil War. 2Georgia St in addition to ardsSS5H1a. Identify “Uncle Tom’s Cabin,” John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry in addition to explain how each of these events were related to the Civil War. 3

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Uncle Tom’s CabinIn 1852, a novel written by abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe made a tremendous impact on the anti-slavery movement in America. Uncle Tom’s Cabin told a story about the shocking treatment of slaves by a cruel slave owner. It became extremely popular in addition to was even made into a play. This book was related to the Civil War because it turned many people against slavery. Harriet Beecher Stowe & Uncle Tom’s Cabin 4Harpers Ferry, VirginiaAnother abolitionist named John Brown wanted to help slaves by giving them guns to rebel against their masters. In October 1859, Brown in addition to a group of men took over a government gun storage facility in Harpers Ferry, Virginia. (It is now located in West Virginia.) Local soldiers surrounded the area but Brown refused to surrender. Two of his sons died in the fighting, in addition to Brown was wounded. Brown was later put on trial, found guilty, in addition to hung as long as his crime. John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry was related to the Civil War because it showed that people were willing to use violence to stop 5 slavery.John Brown’s RaidHarpers FerryGeorgia St in addition to ardsSS5H1b. Discuss how the issues of states’ rights in addition to slavery increased tensions between the North in addition to South. 6

Disagreements Divide the CountryAs the United States grew in the 1800s, clear differences showed up between the North in addition to South. The differences were:Cultural- how the people of the two regions lived their livesEconomic- how they earned their moneyConstitutional- how they looked at the U.S. Constitution.Causes of the American Civil War 7States’ rightsTwo important issues increased tensions between North in addition to South. They were states’ rights in addition to slavery. States’ rights was a constitutional issue. Many Southerners believed that states should have final authority over the federal government. For example, if a state did not like a law passed by the federal government, that state did not have to obey it. 8States’ rightsNortherners believed that the federal government had final authority over the states. The North believed that the nation was a union of states that could not be divided. 9

SlaverySlavery was a cultural in addition to economic issue. The South was an agricultural society. Slaves were used to plant in addition to harvest the South’s most important crop – cotton. Northerners wanted to abolish slavery because they felt it was wrong. Southerners resisted, saying that the abolition of slavery would destroy their region’s economy. 10Georgia St in addition to ardsSS5H1c. Identify major battles in addition to campaigns: Fort Sumter, Gettysburg, the Atlanta Campaign, Sherman’s March to the Sea, Appomattox Court House. 11The War BeginsAfter Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, many Southern states seceded from the Union. The Southern states as long as med the Confederate Army. Soldiers from the North were known as Union troops. 12

Fort SumterConfederate as long as ces wanted to take over Fort Sumter, South Carolina. They began firing on the as long as t on April 12, 1861. The Civil War had begun!Union troops at Fort Sumter were low on food in addition to ammunition. After hundreds of shells struck the as long as t in addition to fire threatened to cause an explosion, the Union troops surrendered. On April 14, the Union troops withdrew from the as long as t. Not a single person was killed in the battle. Fort Sumter in addition to the Civil War 13Battle of GettysburgThe Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the Civil War. From July 1 to July 3, 1863, Confederate General Robert E. Lee fought to hold on to the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The larger Union Army overwhelmed his troops in addition to won the battle. Both sides experienced terrible losses of life. This Union victory left the South with no chance of winning the Civil War. Gettysburg AddressThe Battle of Gettysburg 14 The Battle of GettysburgPresident Lincoln visited Gettysburg in November 1863. He made a speech at a ceremony dedicating part of the battlefield as a cemetery. This speech is called the Gettysburg Address. Even though it was less than three minutes long, it is one of the most famous in addition to inspiring speeches in American history.Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address 15

Atlanta Campaign The War Moves into Georgia!The year of 1864 brought bad times to the South, especially Georgia. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign brought death in addition to destruction. He moved his army south from Tennessee into Atlanta, fighting Confederate soldiers along the way. When the Union troops finally took over Atlanta, they set the city on fire. Sherman’s Letter- Atlanta Campaign 16 Sherman’s March to the SeaIn November 1864, Sherman’s troops left Atlanta. They split into two groups in addition to headed to Savannah on the Atlantic coast. This journey is called the “March to the Sea.” Along the way, Union troops destroyed homes, stores, crops, bridges, in addition to railroad tracks. Sherman was trying to crush any fighting spirit left in the South.Sherman’s March to the Sea 17Sherman’s March to the SeaSherman’s army reached Savannah just be as long as e Christmas. Sherman sent President Lincoln a telegram presenting the city as a gift. He then headed into South Carolina in addition to continued his path of destruction. 18

Appomattox Court HouseBy April 1865, the Confederate Army was suffering. Many soldiers were sick in addition to starving, in addition to their clothes were in rags. On April 9, General Lee surrendered the Southern as long as ces to Union General Ulysses S. Grant in the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Instead of celebrating, most soldiers on both sides quietly returned home.Appomattox Court HouseAppomattox Court House Website 19Georgia St in addition to ardsSS5H1d. Describe the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, in addition to Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson. 20 When Two Great Minds CollideAbraham Lincoln in addition to Robert E. Lee were two men who were very powerful in the time leading up to in addition to during the Civil War. These two men represented very different views of the nature of the United States. With their Positions as leaders in addition to their differences in opinion, conflict was bound to happen. 21

Abraham LincolnAs a Civil War leader, Abraham Lincoln:Was President of the United States, elected in 1860Opposed the spread of slaveryIssued the Emancipation ProclamationWas determined to preserve the Union – by as long as ce, if necessaryBelieved the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent statesWrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War, which began in 1861, was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, in addition to as long as the people”John Wilkes Booth assassinated him in Ford’s Theatre.Abraham Lincoln 22Robert E. LeeAs a Civil War leader, Robert E. Lee:Was the leader of the Army of Northern VirginiaWas offered the comm in addition to of the Union as long as ces at the beginning of the war, but chose not to fight against VirginiaOpposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by as long as ceUrged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war in addition to reunite as Americans when some wanted to continue fightingSurrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.Robert E. Lee 23Think About ItRobert E. Lee was an officer in the United States Army be as long as e the Civil War began. He was offered the comm in addition to of the Union Army to help end the rebellion in the South. However, the state of Virginia seceded, so Lee felt it was his duty to defend his native Virginia. If Virginia had remained a member of the Union, do you think Robert E. Lee would still have comm in addition to ed the Confederate Army 24

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Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant was head of the Union Army that defeated Robert E. Lee in addition to the Confederate Army. Many historians say that he was the most capable of all the Union generals. He was a master of military strategy. President Lincoln said of Grant, “I can’t spare this man – he fights.”Ulysses S. Grant 25Jefferson DavisJefferson Davis was president of the Confederate States of America from 1861 – 1865. He had a strong faith in the Southern cause in addition to wisely appointed Robert E. Lee to lead the Confederate Army. Un as long as tunately, Davis clashed with Southern leaders in addition to was blamed by many of them as long as the Southern defeat in the Civil War.Jefferson Davis 26Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson was a skilled Confederate general from Virginia. He earned the nickname “Stonewall” during the Battle of First Bull Run. A general saw him bravely facing the enemy in addition to said, “There is Jackson, st in addition to ing like a stone wall.” 27

Georgia St in addition to ards SS5H1e. Describe the effects of war on the North in addition to South. 28The Effects of WarThe Civil War affected both the North in addition to South. The South experienced the most hardships because the Civil War battles were fought on Southern soil. As the war wore on, many soldiers were killed or injured on both sides, but the Southern as long as ces were especially hard hit. The Confederate Army lost so many men that young teenage boys began to join the Army later in the war. 29The Effects of WarThe loss of men was felt on both sides. Families in both the North in addition to South faced serious financial problems due to the deaths of husb in addition to s in addition to fathers who had earned the family’s income be as long as e the war. 30

Effects of WarDiseases also became a deadly problem as long as both sides. For every soldier who died of a battle wound, two died from disease. Many soldiers came from isolated farms where they had not been exposed to many diseases. In the crowded camps of the Army, germs spread like wildfire. Mumps, measles, diarrhea, in addition to smallpox struck thous in addition to s. 31Effects of the WarBy the end of the war, much of the South had been devastated. Railroads, industries, homes, in addition to farms had been destroyed. Thous in addition to s of people had lost everything they owned. Most of the South faced a long rebuilding process. In contrast, parts of the Northern economy prospered during the war. Farmers produced more crops to feed the soldiers, in addition to industries grew to provide military supplies. 32 The American Civil WarThe Civil War Review 33

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