Class 7b: Geographies of Religion Religion in addition to culture Everyone has values in addition to m

Class 7b: Geographies of Religion Religion in addition to culture Everyone has values in addition to m www.phwiki.com

Class 7b: Geographies of Religion Religion in addition to culture Everyone has values in addition to m

Holmberg, John, Morning Drive On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Class 7b: Geographies of Religion Religion in addition to culture Everyone has values in addition to morals Religion means worship, faith in the sacred or divine Mentifacts: individuals’ beliefs Sociofacts: relationships based on those beliefs Religion in addition to geography Spatial distribution of religions Diffusion of religious beliefs in addition to practices Impact on the l in addition to scape Territorial conflicts over religion

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Figure 7.25 Distribution of religions Universalizing religions Christianity, Islam, Buddhism Ethnic religions More than a statement of faith Judaism, Hinduism, Shinto Tribal or traditional religions Animism, shamanism Distribution of Christianity Largest religion (2 billion) Three major branches Roman Catholic 50% Protestant 25% Eastern Orthodox 10% Others: Pentecostal, Mormon, Armenian, Coptic, Maronites

Figure 7.25 Diffusion of Christianity Began in Jerusalem Official religion of Rome by 313 Split Roman Empire in addition to Christian church Roman Catholicism in West Eastern Orthodox in East Protestant Re as long as mation second split Catholicism in South Protestantism in North Figure 7.29

Diffusion of Christianity Spread to New World by colonizers, settlers Figure 7.31 Christianity in addition to the l in addition to scape Church as center of settlement Collective worship important Architecture, layout symbolic Cemeteries as l in addition to use Hierarchy of spatial organization Paris Sacramento Vermont

Christianity in addition to territory: Irel in addition to English colony Independence in 1937 6 counties voted to stay North discriminated against Catholics IRA: terrorism as long as unity 1966-1999: 3000 dead Distribution of Islam Fastest growing religion (1.2 billion) Two major branches Sunni 85% Shiite 15% North Africa, SW Asia, Indonesia Figure 7.25

Five pillars of Islam There is no God but God, in addition to Muhammad is his prophet Pray 5 times daily, facing Mecca Give to charity Fast daily during Ramadan Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once (hajj) Other practices of Islam Qur’an or Koran: sacred text Revealed to Muhammad Should be read in Arabic Hadith: sayings in addition to actions of Muhammad “Chain of reporters” Open to interpretation (e.g., veiling) Other beliefs of Islam Tolerance of People of the Book Jews, Christians Descendants of Ishmael More egalitarian than Christianity No intermediaries Worshippers are equals

Diffusion of Islam Began in Mecca in addition to Medina in 622 Spread rapidly to east in addition to west Conquered North Africa, Spain, SE Europe within 200 years Traders spread to SE Asia, Africa Diffusion of Islam Split over succession Shiites insist on hereditary leaders Sunnis do not Iran, Bahrain, southern Iraq: Shiite Iraq civil war

Islam in addition to the l in addition to scape Sacred cities: Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem Muhammad’s birthplace, Ka’ba Muhammad’s first “conquest” Muhammad’s ascent to Heaven Mosques as long as community gathering, worship Mihrab points to Mecca Minaret: tower as long as call to prayer Turkey Uzbekistan Burkina Faso

Holmberg, John KUPD-FM Morning Drive On-Air Personality www.phwiki.com

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Islam in addition to territory: Spain Reached France in addition to Vienna; driven back Ruled much of Spain as long as 300 years Driven out by 1492 Forced conversion sent Muslims, Jews east 1030 1360 arroz (rice) azúcar (sugar) limón (lemon) naranja (orange) ajedrez (chess) almohada (pillow) embarazo (pregnancy) alcabala (tax) alcalde (mayor) barrio (neighborhood) alcohol algebra

Religion in addition to fundamentalism Ultraconservative beliefs Reaction to modernism Want to institutionalize their values Them against the world

Holmberg, John Morning Drive On-Air Personality

Holmberg, John is from United States and they belong to KUPD-FM and they are from  Guadalupe, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Holmberg, John deal with the subjects like Entertainment; Rock and Alternative Music

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