Definition HAZARD Definition – RISK Risk Concepts Legal Requirement to hold stakeholders accountable as long as managing the risks they create
Burke, Susan, Executive Vice President has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal RISK ASSESSMENT TRAINING By Faculty of Engineering, Safety Unit What is Risk Assessment Risk Assessment is a systematic approach to identify hazards, evaluate risk in addition to incorporate appropriate measures to manage in addition to mitigate risk as long as any work process or activity. WHY we need to do RA Protect Ourselves RA is key to prevention of accident Everyone deserve to go home safely at the end of the day Elevate safety awareness & ownership Aware of hazards, risks in addition to controls in addition to practicing safe science University in addition to Faculty Procedures Compliance with Regulations
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Source or situation or act with a potential as long as harm in terms of human injury or ill health or a combination of these (2 pg13) e.g. – Toxic or flammable substances, electric energy, working at heights etc. Definition HAZARD Hazard is something that cause harm or injury (MOM Risk Mgt Reg.) Risk means the chance that someone will be harmed by the hazard. Risk = Hazard effect x Probability (likelihood of Occurrence) Definition – RISK Combination of the likelihood of an occurrence of a hazardous event or exposure(s) in addition to the severity of injury or ill health that may be caused by the event or exposure(s) (13 page 13) Likelihood that a hazard will cause a specific harm or injury to person or damage property (MOM) How likely is it What are the Impacts Risk Level MANAGE RISK Risk management also includes control in addition to monitoring of risks, as well as communicating these risks What can go Wrong Risk Concepts
Legal Requirement Legal Requirement Workplace Safety & Health Act Effective from 1st March 2006. The WSH Act is an essential part of the new OSH framework to cultivate good safety habits in all individuals at the workplace. It requires every person at the workplace to take reasonable practicable steps to ensure the safety in addition to health of every workplace in addition to worker. Legal Requirement Reasonable Practicable Action is considered to be practicable when it is capable of being done.
Legal Requirement Reasonable Practicable Reasonable usually takes into account: The severity of harm & degree of risk (or likelihood) of that injury or harm occurring. Greater risk, reasonable to go to very considerable expense & ef as long as t to reduce it How much is known about the hazard & the ways of eliminating, reducing or controlling it. What are others practicing & what the st in addition to ards recommend Legal Requirement Workplace Safety And Health (Risk Management) Regulations 2006 En as long as ced from 1st September 2006. The WSH (Risk Management) Regulations require employers, the self-employed in addition to principal (including contractor in addition to sub-contractor) to conduct risk assessments as long as the purpose of identifying workplace safety in addition to health risks in addition to implementing measures to control the hazards in addition to reducing the risks. Whoever generates the risk shall manage the risk. Legal Requirement Workplace Safety And Health (Risk Management) Regulations 2006 Penalties Any person who fails to comply may be fined up to $10,000 as long as the first offence. For a second or subsequent offence, the person may be fined up to $20,000 or jailed up to 6 months or both. R 3(1) – Conduct Risk Assessment R 4(1) – Eliminate, Minimise & Control Risk, Specify Responsibilities R 5 – Maintain Risk Assessment Record R 6 – In as long as m Those At Risk of Risks & Measures, SWP R 7 – Review of Risk Assessment.
RISK MAGEMEMENT REGULATIONS Why is there a need as long as Risk Management Regulations to hold stakeholders accountable as long as managing the risks they create to reduce risk at source What is a hazard means anything with the potential to cause bodily injury What is a risk Means the likelihood that a hazard will cause a specific bodily injury to any person. RISK CONTROL What can be done to control risks in the workplace Some measures are : ( from most to least preferred ) Elimination eliminate the hazard from the workplace Substitution – substituting a hazardous substance or process with a less hazardous one. Engineering controls – installing machine guarding or enclosing a noisy machine. Administrative controls – applying a permit-to-work system or lock-out in addition to tag-out procedures. PPE – provision in addition to use of these equipment, AND SWP Safe Work Procedures RECORDS of RISK ASSESSMENT How often must the risk assessment be reviewed At least once every 3 years; After an accident; When there is significant change in work processes, introduction of new machinery or chemicals; In as long as mation on safety technology or requirement made known
OFFENCE ESP who contravenes can result in penalty : as long as 1st offence A fine not exceeding $10,000; in addition to as long as 2nd or subsequent offence A fine not exceeding $20,000; in addition to /or jail term not exceeding 6 months. Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Template
Risk Assessment Process IDENTIFY the hazards ASSESS the risks in addition to available control measures MANAGE the risk CONTROL the risks through implementation of appropriate control measures MONITOR the controls to evaluate their effectiveness Communication of Risks & Controls Risk Assessment Flowchart The most important step in any Risk Assessment – hazards can only be controlled if they are identified People Environment Equipment Procedures Agents IDENTIFY POTENTIAL HAZARDS Each step is analyzed as long as potential inherent hazards Decision on the relevance of any particular hazard come later in the risk assessment processes
What are the Hazards in a laboratory Chemicals Radiation Fire Electrical Biological Physical Slips in addition to trips Falling hazard Ergonomics Thermal Noise etc Acute vs. Chronic Effects IDENTIFY POTENTIAL HARM Identify Source of Harm Hazardous event or process Hazardous substance Equipment Identify who could be harmed Researcher Others students Contractor/supplier Visitor Identify how harm could occur Accidental fall from height Contact with corrosive chemicals Injury First Aid Treatment Visit Clinic/ hospital Admitted in Hospital Permanent damage Acute Vs Chronic Effects Lab Acquired Infection Property Damage Breakage of glassware Equipment Furniture Building Environmental Release Release to Air Water Waste materials – solid Identify what are the adverse conditions may arise due the hazard present in your experiments, laboratory or environment Risk Evaluation Consider existing controls Engineering controls (Fumehood, glovebox, chains as long as cylinder, others) Administrative controls (Signage, training, SOPs, others) Personal Protective Equipment Existing control will not change the severity but only likelihood Severity & likelihood is based on 3 by 3 matrix in addition to the respective criteria specified Risk rating is the product of severity by likelihood Refer to acceptability criteria on the recommended action as long as different risk rating For medium & high risk, additional controls will be required
Risk Evaluation Severity Categories & Description Risk Evaluation Likelihood Categories & Description Risk Evaluation Risk matrix to determine Risk Level
Risk Evaluation Acceptability of Risk Control Measures Risk Control Using Hierarchy of Controls to reduce the risk Using the concept of As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP)
Record Keeping 1. Risk Assessment record has to be kept as long as at least 3 years under the WHS (RM) Regulations requirement. Recommended to keep record as long as the process/activity is still valid, be as long as e end of any product life cycle or to tie in with the period other legislation requires pertaining to the particular process/activity. Implementation & Review Management staff or Principle Investigator will need to approve the implementation of control measures. Monitoring of the process or activity has to be carried to ensure that there is no residual risk or additional risk arising from the control measures. Risk assessors have to check or monitor the new implementation of control measures in addition to to communicate with respective lab or operational personnel. Review on Risk Assessment to be carried on the following basis: – At lease once every three years base on legislative requirements – After an accident/incident occurrence – Any change in process or activity Thank you
Burke, Susan Executive Vice President
Burke, Susan is from United States and they belong to KFSD-AM and they are from Carlsbad, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Burke, Susan deal with the subjects like Classical Music
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