DRUG & ALCOHOL TRAINING FOR SUPERVISORS Prepared by DAVID HELTON PROGRAM ADMINIS

DRUG & ALCOHOL TRAINING FOR SUPERVISORS Prepared by DAVID HELTON PROGRAM ADMINIS www.phwiki.com

DRUG & ALCOHOL TRAINING FOR SUPERVISORS Prepared by DAVID HELTON PROGRAM ADMINIS

Sader, Luke, Executive Producer;Talent Booker has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal DRUG & ALCOHOL TRAINING FOR SUPERVISORS Prepared by DAVID HELTON PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR Purpose of Presentation To provide Training as long as Supervisors as required by FMCSA 382.603 To provide Reasonable Suspicion training as required by FMCSA 382.307 To provide 60 minutes of Substance abuse observation training/discussion. To provide 60 minutes of Alcohol abuse observation training/discussion. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing An employer shall require a driver to submit to an alcohol test when the employer has reasonable suspicion to believe that the driver has violated prohibitions of subpart (b) of this part concerning alcohol. The employer’s determination that reasonable suspicion exists to require the driver to undergo an alcohol tests must be based on specific contemporaneous (EXISTING OR CREATED IN THE SAME PERIOD OF TIME ) articulable observations concerning the appearance, behavior, speech or body odors of the driver.

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382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (b) An employer shall require a driver to submit to an substance test when the employer has reasonable suspicion to believe that the driver has violated prohibitions of subpart (b) of this part concerning substance abuse. The employer’s determination that reasonable suspicion exists to require the driver to undergo a substance tests must be based on specific contemporaneous, articulable observations concerning the appearance, behavior, speech or body odors of the driver. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing The observations may include indications of the chronic in addition to withdrawal effects of controlled substances. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (c) The required observations as long as alcohol in addition to /or controlled substances reasonable suspicion testing shall be made by a supervisor or company official who is trained in accordance with 382.603. The person who makes the determination that reasonable suspicion exists to conduct an alcohol test shall not conduct the alcohol test of the driver.

382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (d) Alcohol testing is authorized by this section only if the observations required by paragraph (a) of this section are made during, just preceding, or just after the period of the work day that the driver is required to be in compliance with this part. A driver may be directed by the employer to only undergo reasonable suspicion testing while the driver is per as long as ming safety –sensitive functions, just be as long as e safety sensitive functions, or just after the driver has ceased safety-sensitive functions. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (e)(1) If an alcohol test required by this section is not administered within two hours following the determination under paragraph (a) of this section, the employer shall prepare in addition to maintain on file a record stating the reasons the alcohol tests was not promptly administered. If an alcohol test required by this section is not administered within eight hours following the determination under paragraph (a) of this section, the employer shall cease attempts to administer an alcohol test in addition to shall state in the record the reasons as long as not administering the tests. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (2) Notwithst in addition to ing the absence of a reasonable suspicion alcohol tests under this section, no driver shall report as long as duty or remain on duty requiring the per as long as mance of safety-sensitive functions while the driver is under the influence of or impaired by alcohol, as shown by the behavioral, speech, in addition to per as long as mance indicators of alcohol misuse, nor shall an employer permit the driver to per as long as m safety-sensitive functions or continue to per as long as m safety-sensitive functions, Until:

382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing An alcohol tests is administered in addition to the drivers Alcohol concentration is less than 0.02 or Twenty four hours have elapsed following the determination under paragraph (a) of this section that there is reasonable suspicion to believe that the driver has violated the prohibitions this part concerning the use of alcohol. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing. (3) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, no employer shall take action under this part against a driver solely based on the drivers behavior in addition to appearance, with respect to alcohol use, in the absence of an alcohol tests. This does not prohibit an employer with independent authority of this part from taking action, otherwise consistent with law. 382.307 Reasonable Suspicion testing (f) A written record shall be made of the observations leading to an alcohol or controlled substances reasonable suspicion test, in addition to signed by the supervisor or company official who made the observations , within 24 hours of the observed behavior or be as long as e the results of the alcohol or controlled substances tests are released , whichever is earlier

382.603 Training as long as Supervisors Each employer shall ensure that all persons designated to supervise drivers receive at least 60 minutes of training on alcohol misuse in addition to receive 60 minutes of training on controlled substances use. The training will be used by supervisors to determine whether reasonable suspicion exists to require a driver to undergo testing under 382.307. The training shall include the physical, behavioral, speech, in addition to per as long as mance indicators of controlled substances . Recurrent training is not required Stimulants Amphetamine/Methamphetamine/Cocaine Also known as: Speed, Ice, Crystal, Crank Coke, Crack, Meth-amphetamine. Pharmaceutical Names: Adderall, ( Amphetamine as long as A.d.d.) Stimulants Ecstasy(MDMA), Eve(MDA) These drugs will screen positive as long as Amphetamine or Methamphetamine, but will Confirm Negative as long as Amphetamine or Methamphetamine. USDOT does test as long as these drugs as of 10/01/2010

Meth-amphetamine The Results of Meth Addiction Stimulants Physical Description/Admin. Coarse Powder Small White to Clear Crystals Capsules Various Size & Colors Tablets Various Size & Colors Snorted, Injected, Smoked, Swallowed

Stimulants Physical Indicators – Clinical Effects Restlessness, body tremors, excitement Euphoria, talkativeness, anxiety Dry mouth Depression, sedation ( post effect) dilated pupils elevated temp, burns on lips & h in addition to s Odors of ( cat urine type smell ) dehydration Increased Heart Rate, Tachycardia, Palpations, Arrhythmias Stimulants Appearance, Behavior Needle marks on arms Long little finger nail ( typical in South American/Mexican users) Sniffing Redness around nasal area Irritability Agitation Raspy hoarse speech Talkativeness Twitching/jerking motions Swinging of arms Lack of concentration Looking away from the person who is speaking to them. (hiding the pupils.) Stimulants Duration of Effects Cocaine – 5 –90 Minutes Amphetamine 4 – 8 Hours Methamphetamine 12 Hours MDMA, MDA – 4 – 8 Hours

Stimulants Detection Times in Urine Amphetamine/Methamphetamine 1 –2 days in Urine Cocaine – 2 – 4 days in Urine MDMA, MDA – 1 day Detection times can increase by frequency of use Depressants – Sedatives -Hypnotics Barbiturates, Amytal, Butisol, Nembutal, Luminal, Seconal, Tuinal, Florinal Also known as Barbs, Downers, Tranqs Benzodiazepines, Ativan, Halcion, Librium, Valium, Xanax, Rohypnol Also known as Bennies, Rophies Methqualone, Quaalude also known as Ludes Depressants Physical Description Administration Tablets Capsules Liquid White Powder Typically Oral , Occasionally injected

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Depressants – Physical Indicators Clinical Effects Depression, Disorientation Sedation, Sluggish Droopy Eyelids Slowed Slurred Speech Hypnotic Dilated Pupils Depressants – Duration of Effects Barbiturates 1 – 16 Hours Benzodiazepines (tranquilizers) 4 – 8 hours Methaqualone – 14 days Depressants – Detection Times Barbiturates 1 day ( short acting ) in Urine Barbiturates 2 to 3 weeks ( long acting ) in Urine Benzodiazepines 3 days ( short acting ) in Urine Benzodiazepines 4 – 6 weeks ( Chronic Use) in Urine Methaqualone 14 days Detection times can increase by frequency of use

Narcotics – Analgesics – Opiates Also Known As Smack Tar Chasing the Dragon Heroin chiva Heroin What is heroin A) Heroin is an illegal, highly addictive opiate drug. Its abuse is more widespread than any other opiate. Heroin is processed from morphine, a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of certain varieties of poppy plants. It is typically sold as a white or brownish powder or as the black sticky substance known on the streets as “black tar heroin.” Although purer heroin is becoming more common, most street heroin is “cut” with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine. Street heroin can also be cut with strychnine or other poisons. Because heroin abusers do not know the actual strength of the drug or its true contents, they are at risk of overdose or death. Heroin also poses special problems because of the transmission of HIV in addition to other diseases that can occur from sharing needles or other injection equipment. Narcotics – Analgesics – Opiates Pharmaceutical Names Heroin ( no longer a Pharmaceutical name ) Morphine Codeine Oxy Cotine Oxycodone Dilaudid Percodan Vicodin (hydrocodone) Propoxyphene (Darvon) No longer available Methadone

Certification · Instructions as long as SUPERVISOR TRAINING · The Designated Employer Representative(s) (DER) are to review the following workbook as long as approximately 2 hours. · Quiz given M-F from 12:00pm –3:00pm Pacific Time. When they have finished reading in addition to discussing this workbook, call 800-582-8854 in addition to I will give them their Quiz over the phone to fully certify them in this class. · After the Quiz is passed, a Certificate will be sent out with additional In as long as mation. · Also, Review Employer Responsibilities on the Links button @ www.TruckSafeWorkplace.com If you have any questions please call David Helton @ (800) 582 -8854

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