Drug In as long as mation Resources Learning Goals The Growth of Medical In as long as mation Partner Introductions Background Questions

Drug In as long as mation Resources Learning Goals The Growth of Medical In as long as mation Partner Introductions Background Questions www.phwiki.com

Drug In as long as mation Resources Learning Goals The Growth of Medical In as long as mation Partner Introductions Background Questions

Martinez, James, Night Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Drug In as long as mation Resources Joe Pozdol, MLIS Norris Medical Library pozdol@usc.edu Learning Goals To underst in addition to the magnitude of health in as long as mation available today To be able to classify questions as background or as long as eground To underst in addition to the differences between primary, secondary, in addition to tertiary resources To be able to determine ultimate questions in addition to classify them by drug in as long as mation type To be able to use Drug Facts in addition to Comparisons, Epocrates, Lexi-Comp, Micromedex, in addition to Clinical Pharmacology The Growth of Medical In as long as mation Indexed Citations Added to MEDLINE (i.e. PubMed) by Fiscal Year U.S. National Library of Medicine. National Institutes of Health. Reviewed 25 March 2009. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/stats/cit-added.html 1

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How does one navigate the in as long as mation overload without getting overwhelmed in addition to confused Partner Introductions Pair Activity: Assessing What You Already Know For a drug in as long as mation question, which would you consult List a pro in addition to a con as long as each resource. Journal Textbook

Background v. Foreground Questions Background Questions Question is broad in scope Answer is general knowledge in field Can best be addressed with tertiary resources E.g. Is a drug available in the U.S. What is a drug’s mechanism of action When is a drug contraindicated Foreground Questions Question is narrow in scope Answer may require examining new or conflicting evidence Can best be addressed with secondary in addition to primary resources E.g. How effective is a new drug when compared to drugs that are already on the market Are there clinical trials supporting an off-label use of a drug in a specific population

Resource Types: Primary Secondary Tertiary Primary Resources Scientific journals Provide original studies or reports E.g. Clinical trial, case series, case report Good as long as as long as eground questions Scope is narrow Good when topic is new or new data has been published Primary Resources Pros: Most current evidence Provide data on new drugs Can personally assess validity of studies Cons: May not lead one to best decision because of limited scope Data can be poor or controversial Every study has limitations Too complex as long as patients

Secondary Resources Bibliographic databases that provide abstracts or full-text of studies Good as long as as long as eground questions Secondary Resources Pros: Can construct searches to find specific in as long as mation at high granularity Cons: Often require more expertise to use than primary or tertiary resources Retrieved references must be filtered as long as quality Must track down resources be as long as e looking as long as answers Too complex as long as patients Tertiary Resources Compilations of knowledge in the field E.g. Textbooks, h in addition to books, online drug compendia Good as long as background questions Scope is broad

Tertiary Resources Pros: Provide comprehensive in as long as mation In as long as mation reflects views of multiple experts in field Fast, easy to use, in addition to may be good as long as patients Cons: Usually at least 2 years out of date by publication High dependency on interpretation of authors Pharmacists can address this by consulting at least 2 tertiary resources to find corroborating in as long as mation When trying to answer a clinical question, the best strategy is often to consult resources in the following order: Tertiary, Secondary, Primary Tertiary resources are good when: The answer to a question is basic factual knowledge in the field The question was studied extensively in addition to a conclusion was made Many experts have addressed the question in addition to agree on answer Secondary in addition to primary resources are good when: A question is new in addition to has never been studied There is no consensus among experts; various opinions abound There is conflicting evidence in addition to the question needs further study Resource Table

Determining the Ultimate Question 44 y.o. male High blood pressure Rx ACE inhibitor Develops dry cough Ultimate Question: Question Type: Resource Type: Major Concepts (i.e. search terms): Is cough a side effect of ACE inhibitors Background Tertiary ACE inhibitors, side effects, cough Real Estate Agent Last Dec. Categorizing the Ultimate Question Adverse effects Availability Compatibility/stability Compounding Dosing/administration Drug interaction Herbal Identification Pharmacokinetics Pharmacology Poisoning/toxicology Pregnancy/lactation Therapeutic use Especially relevant as long as Medication Therapy Review assignment Pair Activity List 3 facts about Ambien (Zolpidem Tartrate) OR Insomnia

Drug Facts in addition to Comparisons Search as long as in as long as mation about Ambien (Zolpidem Tartrate) www.usc.edu/nml Pair Activity List 3 facts about Proventil (Albuterol Sulfate) OR Asthma Epocrates Search as long as in as long as mation about Proventil (Albuterol Sulfate) www.usc.edu/nml

Martinez, James Arizona Daily Star Night Editor www.phwiki.com

Pair Activity List 3 facts about Zoloft (Sertraline Hydrochloride) OR Depression Lexi-Comp Search as long as in as long as mation about Zoloft (Sertraline Hydrochloride) www.usc.edu/nml Pair Activity List 3 facts about Aricept (Donepezil Hydrochloride) OR Dementia

Micromedex Search as long as in as long as mation about Aricept (Donepezil Hydrochloride) www.usc.edu/nml Pair Activity List 3 facts about Zyrtec (Cetirizine Hydrochloride) OR Allergies Clinical Pharmacology Search as long as in as long as mation about Zyrtec (Cetirizine Hydrochloride) www.usc.edu/nml

Please fill out an evaluation: Class: Drug Info Resources Date: 9/11/09 Instructor: Joe Pozdol

Martinez, James Night Editor

Martinez, James is from United States and they belong to Arizona Daily Star and they are from  Tucson, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Martinez, James deal with the subjects like City/Metropolitan News; International News; Local News; National News; Regional News

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