Bowles, Scott, Film Reporter has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal EMERGENCY TRAFFIC CONTROL FOR RESPONDERS Chapter 1 BACKGROUND ORIGINAL DEVELOPMENT Sponsored by the Pennsylvania DOT as long as the Pennsylvania State Fire Academy Available through the International Fire Service Training Association at Oklahoma State University Revised in 2006 by the Kentucky Transportation Center INCIDENT MANAGEMENT Our purpose is to enhance public safety in addition to responder safety by establishing guidelines as long as establishing traffic control in addition to safe traffic flow at highway incidents

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COURSE OVERVIEW Background Guidelines in addition to St in addition to ards Highway Safety Principles Traffic Control Devices Flagging Operations Traffic Control Zones Incident Zone Procedures Exercises TYPES OF HIGHWAY INCIDENTS Vehicle Incidents Temporary Highway Closures Flooding Fire Storm Damage Special Events Detours U.S. HIGHWAY CRASHES Leading cause of death as long as people age 3 through 33 in the US More than 42,000 deaths per year About 117 deaths per day About 1 death every 12 minutes 2004 Traffic Safety Facts

29,828 nonfatal injury crashes (43,295 injuries) 885 fatal crashes (985 fatalities) Kentucky Traffic Collision Facts, 2005 KY HIGHWAY CRASHES Total number reported on public roadways – 128,685 WHO IS AT RISK Responders Public “Motoring public” in traffic backlogs/detours Other highway users Victims of the crash/incident HAZARDS OF RESPONDING Acceptable Levels of Risk

“STRUCK-BY” HEADLINES www.respondersafety.com in addition to www.firehouse.com “Five Ohio Responders Struck at Highway Accident Scene” “Florida Firefighter Hit By Passing Car” “MD Trooper Hit, Killed at Rt. 50 Crash Site” “Maryl in addition to Firefighters Have Close Call on Washington Beltway” Some Headlines “NM Officer Recovering After Being Struck” The longer the crash is in place, the longer response personnel are exposed to danger. 8 Fire/EMS Fatalities (2003 Data) 6 Firefighters in addition to 2 EMS Personnel 16 Law En as long as cement Officers (2005 Data) Statistics Courtesy of Jack Sullivan, Training Director www.respondersafety.com www.nleomf.com “Struck By” Fatalities KENTUCKY HEADLINES

WE’RE NOT THE ONLY ONES! A “Secondary Crash” is one that takes place as a result of traffic or road conditions caused by the original incident. Secondary crashes are frequently much more severe than the original incident. October 6 -7, 2004 I-64 in addition to I-65 in Louisville A crash with 1 fatality led to two separate secondary crashes, resulting in various lane closures as long as approximately 18 hours June 29, 2004 I-71 in Carroll County Driver of a tractor-trailer failed to observe stopped traffic in addition to caused a rear-end collision involving 5 other vehicles. The driver of the tractor-trailer was fatally injured.

TRAVELER DELAY 5 min. of stopped traffic = 15 min. of delay Percent Capacity Available Highway Capacity Manual 2000 TRAVELER DELAY IS COSTLY Reduced productivity Increased cost of goods in addition to services Increased fuel consumption 1 Lane of Interstate Blocked as long as 20 minutes = $10,000 (LFUCG Incident Management Manual) $25.6 Billion The cost of traveler delay in 2000 Quick Clearance Four basic components to the law Driver Stop Driver Removal Authority Removal Authority Tow Applicable to interstates in addition to parkways (KRS 189.580, effective 7/06)

EMERGENCY TRAFFIC CONTROL FOR RESPONDERS Chapter 2 GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS EVALUATE THIS INCIDENT SITE EVALUATE THIS INCIDENT SITE CORRECT Apparatus “shadowing” work area Cones, signs placed Flagger on duty IMPROVE Nonst in addition to ard sign Cone placement in addition to visibility Lack of taper Lack of proper equipment Personnel visibility Lack of lighting

IS THIS A FLAGGER WHO PROVIDES HIGHWAY STANDARDS: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) State Departments of Transportation Local Municipal Governments STATE HIGHWAY SIGNS, SIGNALS, AND MARKINGS ARE CONTROLLED BY Legislation Kentucky Revised Statutes Kentucky Administrative Regulations

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KRS 189.337 / 603 KAR 4:050 The Department of Highways shall promulgate in addition to adopt a manual of st in addition to ards in addition to specifications as long as a uni as long as m system of official traffic control devices as long as use upon all roads in addition to streets. The manual in addition to its future revisions in addition to supplements shall be applicable to all roads in addition to streets under the control of the Department of Highways or any county or incorporated city. The manual specified is the Manual on Uni as long as m Traffic Control Devices, 2003 Edition, including Revision No. 1 dated November 2004 MANUAL ON UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES MUTCD MANUAL ON UNIFORM TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

MUTCD: IT’S THE LAW (Federal) The Manual on Uni as long as m Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) is incorporated by reference in 23 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 655, Subpart F in addition to shall be recognized as the national st in addition to ard as long as traffic control devices on all public roads open to public travel in accordance with 23 U.S.C. 109(d) in addition to 402(a). The policies in addition to procedures of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to obtain basic uni as long as mity of traffic control devices shall be as described in 23 CFR 655, Subpart F. CHAPTER 6I of the 2003 MUTCD “CONTROL OF TRAFFIC THROUGH TRAFFIC INCIDENT MANAGEMENT AREAS” TRAFFIC INCIDENT: “An emergency road user occurrence, a natural disaster, or other unplanned event that affects or impedes the normal flow of traffic.” – Section 6I.01, 2003 MUTCD CHAPTER 6I of the 2003 MUTCD The primary function of temporary traffic control is to move road users reasonably safely in addition to expeditiously past or around the incident, to reduce secondary crashes, in addition to to preclude unnecessary use of the surrounding local road system. Highway agencies, public safety agencies, in addition to private sector responders should plan as long as traffic incidents.


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