Environmental, Health in addition to Resource Geopolitics Environmental Determinism Chernobyl

Environmental, Health in addition to Resource Geopolitics Environmental Determinism Chernobyl www.phwiki.com

Environmental, Health in addition to Resource Geopolitics Environmental Determinism Chernobyl

Marty, John, Morning Show Host has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Environmental, Health in addition to Resource Geopolitics Environmental Determinism Chernobyl in addition to environments beyond borders Oil in addition to Resource Wars Food scares Infectious diseases Climate Change Global South Environmental Determinism 1890s Geopolitics 1990s-2000s Environmental Geopolitics Physical differences cause economic in addition to political differences, i.e. with development or, environmental problems are the direct result of simply understood political or economic phenomena (i.e. capitalism)

University of Abertay Dundee GB www.phwiki.com

This Particular University is Related to this Particular Journal

Since World War Two shift to recognise human impact on earth But discussed as major topic only relatively recently (c25 years) 1940s- present nuclear weapon testing 1963 atmospheric test ban treaty Pesticides Mercury poisoning Oil spills – Exxon Valdez in Alaska. March 24, 1989, 11m gallons Chernobyl April 26, 1986 at 01:23 a.m Steam explosion that resulted in a nuclear meltdown, a series of additional explosions, in addition to a fire Fire in addition to rescue workers not warned about dangers 237 people with acute radiation sickness Chernobyl May 12th 1986 contamination cloud First reports came from Finl in addition to in addition to Sweden, where radiation was detected at a nuclear plant that had not leaked. The Chernobyl Forum estimated 4000 deaths, plus up to 9000 extra predicted from cancer; other put this much higher – 30-60,000 by alternative report; 200,000 in Greenpeace study

Beyond borders Environmental hazards produced in one state but felt in another – acid rain, polluted air, or rivers Environmental side effects of other processes (economic, political etc.) Ozone layer depletion, CFCs Beyond Sovereign Territory ‘Global warming’ (climate change) Nuclear in addition to biochemical weapons in addition to accidents ‘nuclear-free zones’ Over-fishing Genetically modified foods imported “Dangers from ‘over there’ are now potentially ‘in here’” (Simon Dalby)

Military security Gulf War syndrome (1991-) Anthrax (2001) Disposal of nuclear weapons in USSR in addition to elsewhere More general issues of disposal of nuclear fuel anywhere, in addition to other toxic waste Deliberate sabotage Jan 23 1991, Iraq opened oil terminal in addition to dumped oil in Gulf Burning oil wells in Kuwait Oil Oil crisis of 1973 Oil embargo of OPEC Manipulation of prices Iranian revolution 1979 Carter doctrine Gulf War 1991 War in Iraq 2003 ‘How did our oil get under their s in addition to s’ ‘No blood as long as oil’ Peak Oil National Energy Policy (The Cheney Report) May 2001 Didn’t stress conservation or renewable energy Domestic oil production in decline so lead to more imports (from which areas) US energy independence (i.e. exploit resources in Alaskan National Wildlife Reserve)

Flows of wealth Resource rich countries New elites Wider disparities between rich in addition to poor Low social indicators, tendency to be authoritarian, corrupt, ineffective, prioritise military expenditure in addition to more likely to be involved in conflict (Philippe le Billon) Materiality in addition to illicit economies Minerals hard to extract, easy to smuggle Illegal logging of trees as long as timber Drug trade Colombia Afghanistan Oil Resource Wars Michael Klare, Resource Wars (2001) in addition to Blood in addition to Oil (2004) Philippe de Billon, Fuelling War: Natural Resources in addition to Armed Conflict (2005) Oil ‘conflict diamonds’ Agriculture

Spratly Isl in addition to s

Caspian Sea

http://www.dur.ac.uk/resources/ibru/arctic.pdf http://www.dur.ac.uk/resources/ibru/south-atlantic-maritime-claims.pdf Food Scares Genetically modified foods (GM foods) Fertilisers in addition to pesticides vs. ‘organic’ BSE – animals eating parts of other animals Foot in addition to mouth Farm subsidies European Union Common Agricultural Policy Shift from smaller family farms to ‘agri-business’

Marty, John WABB-FM Morning Show Host www.phwiki.com

Infectious diseases Bird flu SARS HIV/AIDS 5-6000 people die a day two thirds in sub Saharan Africa

Contemporary challenges Reduction in aid in addition to investment from North to South Rise in racism in addition to anti-immigration policies in the North Pressure on the South on debt rescheduling in addition to trade access as long as Northern firms (creation of new markets) Continued subsidies to Northern companies i.e. $300bn to farmers in North per year G8 gave $8bn to Africa in aid in 2001-02

Marty, John Morning Show Host

Marty, John is from United States and they belong to WABB-FM and they are from  Mobile, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Marty, John deal with the subjects like Entertainment; Music

Journal Ratings by University of Abertay Dundee

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by University of Abertay Dundee and short form of this particular Institution is GB and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.