G R A D E 9 V A C C I N A T I O N P R O G R A M V a c c i n a t i o n s f o r :
Peckenpaugh, Doug, Managing Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal G R A D E 9 V A C C I N A T I O N P R O G R A M V a c c i n a t i o n s f o r : C a t c h – u p p r o g r a m f o r : Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Measles, Mumps, Rubella Hepatitis B Polio Varicella D I P H T H E R I A WHAT IS IT A disease caused by BACTERIA that infect the nose in addition to throat. HOW DO YOU GET IT Direct contact with DROPLETS from the infected persons nose in addition to throat. SYMPTOMS Grey spots may appear on the tonsils Breathing becomes difficult Sore throat/headache The bacteria may produce a TOXIN that can cause Paralysis or heart damage DEATH RATE 1 in every 10 who gets diphtheria dies
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T E T A N U S WHAT IS IT (LOCKJAW) A disease that causes BACTERIA to grow at the site of an injury. HOW DO YOU GET IT By stepping on a RUSTY NAIL By getting a CUT or LACERATION By getting a dog or cat BITE SYMPTOMS The bacteria make a TOXIN, which is absorbed by the bodys muscles, causing spasms that make it difficult to breathe DEATH RATE 6 out of 10 people who get tetanus die P E R T U S S I S (WHOOPING COUGH) WHAT IS IT A BACTERIAL disease that infects the lining of the airways. HOW DO YOU GET IT Direct contact with DROPLETS from the infected persons nose in addition to throat. SYMPTOMS Attacks of VIOLENT coughing develop, often lasting 2 – 3 weeks or more. Children may cough so long in addition to hard that they cant breathe. Babies with whooping cough may have fits (seizures) in addition to go into a coma due to lack of oxygen to their brain. 1 out of 400 babies under 1 year of age with whooping cough will end up with brain damage Human Papillomavirus (HPV) WHAT IS IT The most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) Chances are most people will become infected with HPV in addition to not have any signs or symptoms HOW DO YOU GET IT Anyone who has ever taken part in sexual activity can contract HPV At least 70% of sexually active women in addition to men will get HPV infection over their lifetime HPV is easily passed through sexual touching in addition to intercourse. WHAT ARE THE RISKS Over 40 types of the HPV virus infect the genital area High risk types can cause pre-cancerous lesions in addition to can lead to cancer of the cervix in addition to other genital areas Low risk types can cause genital warts In Alberta, 180 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year. 40 women die each year of the disease.
Who should get the vaccine In Canada: Vaccine approved as long as girls in addition to women 9 to 26 years of age In Alberta: All girls in grade 5 starting in 2008/2009 All girls in grade 9 starting in 2009/2010 (3 years only) Parental/guardian consent is required be as long as e the vaccine can be given The HPV vaccine costs $150.00 per dose. The vaccine requires 3 doses to be given within one year (total cost $450). The HPV vaccine is free to all grade 5 in addition to 9 girls in Alberta. HPV & Cervical Cancer High risk types of the HPV cause cervical cancer as well other more rare genital cancers Pre-cancerous cells can be found in the cervix by a Pap test. Cervical cancer takes many years to develop Most people who get HPV have no symptoms in addition to it goes away by itself. Sometimes the virus does not go away in addition to can cause pre-cancerous lesions in addition to cervical cancer May have visible genital warts How Do You Know You Have HPV
A Pap test finds abnormal cells in the cervix that could develop into cancer Women, including those who have had HPV immunization, should have regular Pap tests Discuss Pap testing with your family doctor How Can HPV Be Prevented (Continued) Regular Pap testing What is a Pap Test How Can HPV Be Prevented Immunization with HPV vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer GARDASIL® vaccine licensed in Canada June, 2006 HPV types in the vaccine: 6 & 11 (causes 90% of genital warts), 16 & 18 (causes 70% of cervical cancer) Administration: injection of three doses over six month time period Schedule: Dose 1 on start date Dose 2 one to two months after Dose 1 Dose 3 six months after Dose 1 Highly protective More than 98% of individuals develop protection following immunization Safe In Canada, each new vaccine undergoes laboratory in addition to field-testing in addition to must pass licensing procedure be as long as e being introduced to the public. HPV vaccine contains no live virus, there as long as e can not cause HPV infection Duration of Protection Protection lasts at least 5 years in addition to probably longer M E A S L E S WHAT IS IT A highly contagious viral disease. HOW DO YOU GET IT Direct contact with droplets from the infected persons nose in addition to throat. SYMPTOMS A red blotchy rash/high fever. Watery sore eyes. May cause pneumonia in addition to inflammation of the brain leading to convulsions. DEATH RATE 1 person dies in every 3000 who gets measles
M U M P S WHAT IS IT A communicable viral disease HOW DO YOU GET IT Direct contact with droplets from the infected persons nose in addition to throat SYMPTOMS Pain/soreness in the jaw/neck Swelling of the salivary gl in addition to s (under the jaw) May cause permanent loss of hearing May cause inflammation of the testicles 1 in 10 people with mumps can get meningitis. Today, most outbreaks occur in adolescents/young adults. R U B E L L A WHAT IS IT A mild viral disease, except during pregnancy when there is a high risk to the unborn fetus HOW DO YOU GET IT Direct contact with droplets from the infected persons nose in addition to throat SYMPTOMS Rash of small pink spots all over the body Fever/sore achy joints Swollen lymph nodes in the back of the neck If a women develops rubella during pregnancy the baby has a high risk of being born de as long as med When a woman gets Rubella within the first 20 week of pregnancy, there is a >80% chance that she will miscarry or the baby will be born with a serious disability. H E P A T I T I S B WHAT IS IT A viral disease that infects the liver HOW DO YOU GET IT Transmitted through blood in addition to body fluids Sharing personal items (i.e. razors, toothbrushes) Using non-sterile needles when getting a tattoo or body piercing Sharing needles when injecting drugs, steroids etc. SYMPTOMS Jaundice (yellowing of the skin) Abdominal pain Nausea & Vomiting Liver Cancer 5-10% of cases become chronic carriers in addition to can spread Hepatitis B without knowing it. DEATH RATE Each year, approximately 1,000,000 people worldwide, die from the Hepatitis B virus.
P O L I O WHAT IS IT A viral infection. HOW DO YOU GET IT From throat secretions in addition to through contaminated feces SYMPTOMS Fever Headache Stiffness of the back Paralysis may occur DEATH RATE 1 out of 10 people who get Polio die from the disease Varicella (Chicken Pox) WHAT IS IT Common childhood disease caused by the Varicella virus. However, a number of people can develop further complications. HOW DO YOU GET IT Easily spread from person to person through the air or direct contact with fluid from the blisters. It can be spread be as long as e the rash appears. WHAT HAPPENS Infected blisters can leave scars. Can lead to pneumonia or problems with other organs (i.e. brain, liver, heart) DEATH RATE Chicken pox causes an average of 5.8 deaths per year in Canada. Over 90% of deaths occurred in previously healthy persons. What to expect after vaccination C O M F O R T M E A S U R E S P O S S I B L E S I D E E F F E C T S Slight fever, decreased energy, headache, or general body ache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness Some redness, swelling or tenderness at the needle site, lasting up to 48 hours You may use Tylenol as long as fever or discom as long as t Apply a cold cloth to the injection site Move your arm frequently to relieve stiffness
TIPS FOR VACCINATION DAY REMEMBER TO HAND IN YOUR CONSENT FORM! Discuss any questions or concerns with the vaccinating nurse. Wear a short sleeved shirt. Eat breakfast or at least have a glass of 100% fruit juice be as long as e you come to school. CONSENT The consent: will indicate which vaccinations you require must be signed by parent or guardian must be returned as soon as possible to your TA or Home Room Teacher www.stmcenter.com THANK YOU T H A N K Y O U Edited by: Amy Beck, Carla Ferreira, Carrie Sauve (Public Health Nurses from Village Square Community Health Centre)
Peckenpaugh, Doug Managing Editor
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