H in addition to held Devices as long as Control Brad A. Myers Jeffrey Nichols, Jacob O. Wobbrock, K

H in addition to held Devices as long as Control Brad A. Myers Jeffrey Nichols, Jacob O. Wobbrock, K www.phwiki.com

H in addition to held Devices as long as Control Brad A. Myers Jeffrey Nichols, Jacob O. Wobbrock, K

Korczak, Ed, Contributor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal H in addition to held Devices as long as Control Brad A. Myers Jeffrey Nichols, Jacob O. Wobbrock, Kevin Litwack, Michael Higgins, Joe Hughes, Thomas K. Harris, Roni Rosenfeld, Mathilde Pignol bam@cs.cmu.edu http://www.cs.cmu.edu/~pebbles Human Computer Interaction Institute School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University H in addition to held Devices H in addition to held Devices as long as : Communication As a “Personal In as long as mation Manager” As a “Personal Digital Assistant” As a PC replacement “PocketPC” Mobile Devices as long as Remote Control of other devices Remote Control of PCs Remote Control of appliances Problem Appliances are too complex

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Problem Too many remotes Problem April 8, 1991 Approach Use a personal h in addition to held device as an Interface to the PC in addition to to the Appliances

History of Communication ParcTab – continuous communication Early “organizers” – no communication Newton – extra cost as long as synchronization Palm – HotSync once a day WindowsCE/PocketPC – ActiveSync once a day Now, H in addition to helds will be Communicating 802.11 (“Wi-Fi”) BlueTooth Cell-phone network (G3) (Infrared) (Wires or cradle) Toshiba e740 HP iPaq 3870 Microsoft SmartPhone Premises of our Research “With the coming wireless technologies, connecting the PCs in addition to PDAs together will no longer be an occasional event as long as synchronization. Instead, the devices will frequently be in close, interactive communication.” Brad Myers, “Using H in addition to -Held Devices in addition to PCs Together,” Comm. ACM, Vol. 44, No. 11. Nov., 2001. pp. 34 – 41.

Pebbles Project Per as long as med as part of the Pebbles Project Overall goal: Use of multiple devices at the same time Palm in addition to desktop PC Mobile Phone in addition to “Smart Home” Multiple h in addition to helds in a meeting Pocket PC in addition to appliances Multiple users with their devices Single user with multiple devices Pebbles is: P E B B L E S DAs as long as ntry of oth ytes in addition to ocations from xternal ources. http://www.pebbles.hcii.edu/ Controlling a PC Remote Comm in addition to er Slide Show Comm in addition to er “Semantic Snarfing” Shortcutter http://www.pebbles.hcii.edu/

Remote Comm in addition to er Allow PDAs to control a PC Can be used with any application Uses the st in addition to ard (single) cursor Don’t have to jump up in addition to grab mouse All mouse in addition to keyboard functions Use PDA like touchpad Graffiti or our own pop-up keyboard Word prediction in addition to completion For People with Muscular Disabilities Using h in addition to helds as interface to PCs People with Muscular Dystrophy have fine-motor control but lose gross motor control Difficulties with mouse in addition to keyboard, but stylus OK So use Remote Comm in addition to er as PC’s keyboard in addition to mouse PocketPC version Get PC’s screen onto PocketPC Full view, or one-to-one zooming Scroll with iPaq’s buttons Control or scribble

Shared Clipboard Transfer in as long as mation among your personal devices E.g., between PDA in addition to PC Also between multiple computers Connect all clipboards together Transfer content or reference Works with all applications Power Point Control Use PC to give the presentation Use h in addition to -held to control the PC Two-way communication H in addition to -held shows picture of slide, notes, timer SlideShow Comm in addition to er, cont. See list of slide titles Scribble Tap on on-screen buttons in addition to links Preview other slides Control demonstrations

Control at a Distance Controlling a PC from across the room Meetings, etc. Use a laser pointer Studies “Semantic Snarfing” Grab contents to h in addition to held Shortcutter User-created panels of controls Create custom interfaces in addition to extensions to PC applications And then take them with you Direct manipulation as long as edit, then set properties PocketPC or Palm Shortcutter Widgets Buttons Virtual Joy stick Virtual Knob Sliders Mouse pad Gesture panel

Scenarios of Use Lean-back mail reading Controlling media players in addition to many others Controlling Appliances PhD research of Jeffrey Nichols http://www.pebbles.hcii.edu/puc/ Problem Too many complex devices, each with its own idiosyncratic interface Stereo system Telephones ATM Fax machine Photocopier Hotel alarm clock Increasingly computerized Low usability

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Existing “universal” controls Pre-programmed at the factory with a subset, Or, Laboriously h in addition to -programmed by the user Our Approach H in addition to held is a “Personal Universal Controller” (PUC) Two-way communication Appliance describes its functions H in addition to held PUC Automatically creates interface Controls the appliance Displays feedback about appliance status Specifications Control Feedback Automatic Generation of UIs Benefits All interfaces consistent as long as a user With conventions of the h in addition to held Even from multiple manufacturers Addresses hotel alarm clock problem Can take into account user preferences Multiple modalities (GUI + Speech UI) A Hard Problem Previous automatic systems have not generated high quality interfaces

Research Challenges Automatic Design of Graphical User Interfaces Automatic Design of Speech User Interfaces Connection with real devices Through various protocols X-10, AV/C, HAVi, UPnP, etc. Also, custom hardware in addition to software H in addition to -Generated Graphical Interfaces First, H in addition to -Designed PocketPC interfaces: AIWA Shelf Stereo (Tape,CD,Tuner) AT&T Telephone/Answering Machine Used Embedded Visual Basic Ensured quality with heuristic analysis in addition to think-aloud studies Compared with manufacturer’s interfaces Results of Comparison Using PUC, users took 50% less time & made 50% fewer errors All differences are significant (p < 0.05) PUC Architecture Adaptor using Custom Hardware as long as Stereo Pretends to send IR codes Reads LED panel signals to decode state Created by Pittsburgh company: Maya Design

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