Hinduism Hinduism Triad Vastu-purusa m in addition to ala
Young, Barry, Host has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Hinduism Dravidian (South) in addition to Nagara (North) Styles Hinduism Polytheistic religion (worship many gods in addition to goddesses) Goal is to achieve moksa-by praying, worshipping (darsana) in addition to giving offering to gods Each god has a female companion in addition to rides on vehicle such as bull (N in addition to i), lion, goose; each holds some attributes (Siva: tridents in addition to Vishnu: conch shell in addition to wheel)
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Triad Brahma-God of Creator Vishnu-God of Preserver (has many incarnations such as Rama in addition to Krishna) Shiva-God of Destroyer (also the protector of animals) Devi-goddess (e.g., Laksmi (Good Fortune) in addition to Parvati); symbolizing beauty, benevolent, in addition to wealth as well as power in addition to wrath 3.25 Shiva as Nataraja, Lord of the Dance, Chola, 11-12th C
Vastu-purusa m in addition to ala A myth explains the symbolic diagram (m in addition to ala): the gods in seeking to impose order on chaos, as long as ced the primeval man, Purusa, into a square grid, the vastu-purusa m in addition to ala, whose basic unit is the square pada Hindu temple is the dwelling of the gods. It is based on the grid systems of 64 (8×8) in addition to 81 (9×9) squares. Square is the prefect shape as long as the ground plan. Priests per as long as m ritual of consecrations which connect between sexual rites in addition to fertility in Hindu architecture.
Hindu temples The temple is a holy site (tirtha), where they practitioners can per as long as m circumambulation (pradaksina). They also per as long as m the pious act of gazing at the deity (darsan) in addition to offering prayers, flowers in addition to food (puja). The temple is never a meeting place as long as a congregation, but it came to be a focal point of the community. The heart of the temple is the dark hall called garbha grha (womb hall), where the most important icon is placed. It is the most important area. Pillared halls (m in addition to apa) in addition to porticos were added to the garbha grha, which was surmounted with a tower (sikhara)-center of the universe (axis mundi). Vastu-purusa m in addition to ala Media in addition to ornaments Many varieties: wood, brick, terracotta, in addition to variety of stone (e.g., schist, chlorite, marble) Temples required to be heavily ornamented (things lacking in ornament were considered imperfect or incomplete. Motifs: narrative reliefs, animal motifs, floral in addition to vegetation motifs.
Dravidian architecture Stone used as medium as long as funerary monuments Religion developments, particularly bhakti cult, played an important role Early phases of architecture consisted of rock-cut monuments Later phase is dominated by structural buildings; Gopuras became larger than the main building The emphasis is on horizontality lines; one or more stories, topped with stepped-pyramidal shikhara in addition to a mushroom cap
Mamallapuram Large remains of Pallava period, 7th century Most of the monuments are rock-cut, carved out of the boulders in addition to cliffs in the area. Descent of Ganges River or Arjuna Penance Rathas Kailasanatha temple (Ellora 16) The Descent of Ganges Mid-7th century, Mamalla I at Mamallapuram 30 meters in length; 50 meters in height Contains animals in addition to other objects Approximately life-size scale Sculptures were done in realistic manner 3.20 The Descent of the Ganges (or the Penence of Arjuna) Mamallapuram. Pallava period, 7th century
3.20 The Descent of the Ganges (or the Penence of Arjuna) Mamallapuram. Pallava period, 7th century
Rathas, Mamallapuram Mid 7th C, Mamalla I period Consists of five free-st in addition to ing rock-cut structures: Draupadi (dedicated to Durga), Arjuna, Bhima (to Vishnu), Dharmaraja, in addition to Nakula-Sahadeva; three free-st in addition to ing animals: lions, bull, in addition to elephant 3.21 Rathas, Mamallapuram. Pallava period, mid-7th century
3.21 Rathas, Mamallapuram. Pallava period, mid-7th century
3.21 Dharmaraja Ratha
Exterior Wall, K in addition to ariya Mahadeva temple
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