Human-Centered e-Science: A Group-Theoretic Perspective on Cyberinfrastructure D
Choal, Kathleen, News Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Human-Centered e-Science: A Group-Theoretic Perspective on Cyberinfrastructure DesignTyler Pace, M.S.Shaowen Bardzell, Ph.D.Geoffrey Fox, Ph.D.Indiana University School of In as long as matics in addition to ComputingGroup-Theoretic PerspectiveCollaboration always fundamental to CICI long concerned with issues of scientific collaborationHowever, limited theoretical work on small group collaborations via CIOur goal is to introduce group theory to CIMethod in addition to CorpusCritical analysis of over 150 articles in addition to reports published post 2000Venues range from HCI, CSCW, CMC in addition to CECorpus is not meant to be exhaustive, but rather representative
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McGrath in addition to Group TheoryDeveloped in 1980s-90sSuccessfully used in CSCWConcerned with the natural complexity of groupsPurpose of this work is not to introduce McGrath, but rather to highlight the group-centric nature of CI researchMcGraths TIP TheoryTime, Interaction in addition to Per as long as manceProposes a number of group functionsFunctions are categorizations of tasks undertaken by all group in order to facilitate positive interactionsProduction, Group Well-Being, Member SupportProductionRelation between groups in addition to their environmentTasks choice of projectchoice of project goalstechnical problem-solvingpolitical preference-solving
ProductionProject ChoiceChoosing the CI environmentTechnical Problem-SolvingAccess to the CI environmentPolitical Preference-SolvingData management conflictsWell-BeingActivities that deal with the development in addition to maintenance of the group as a systemTasksmanaging relations carrying out interpersonal activitiesdefining member rolesWell-BeingManaging RelationsIssues of disciplinarityConducting interpersonal tasks Trust in the CI environmentDefining member roles Development of context in addition to awareness
Member-SupportActivities that consider the ways in which individuals are embedded within a groupTaskspolicies as long as advancementindividual participationnegotiation of contribution in addition to payoffMember-SupportPolicies as long as member advancement Value of the members role Individual participation Issues of professional identityNegotiation of contribution in addition to payoff Motivation/incentives as long as the use of CIImplications as long as DesignBased on our group-centric review of CI lit we developed an early set of design implicationsImplications as long as designers in addition to developers offered to inspire in addition to in as long as m about the complex ways groups interact with in addition to via CI
Improve UsabilityDespite prior warnings, many CI environments are built with no considerations of usability or commitment to a user centered design processUsability of a CI environment is a major factor in choosing in addition to continuing to use that environmentEnable External AccessCI is but one of many tools used by scientistsClosed CI environments are undesirableOpen CI environment can more readily be incorporated into existing work processesSupport Telecommunication DiversityProviding a wide range of telecommunication tools increases involvement with in addition to use of CIHigh availability of tools also supports diverse collaboration needsVaried telecommunication tools help to mediate in addition to develop context/awareness
Provide Open Ended Data in addition to Metadata StructuresCI depends on data that is both transportable in addition to disseminative Further explore the social practices around data useMove beyond our reliance on existing metadata structuresImprove our underst in addition to ing of data abstractions more broadlyFacilitate Social EntrainmentCollaborators must be ready in addition to willing to use CI, these are issues of social entrainmentEducation about the value of CIMotivation to use CISocial incentives in addition to support as long as /when using CISupport the Development in addition to Sharing of Multiple Contexts of WorkCI research establishes the importance of a shared context of workGroup theory notes the importance of multiple contexts in addition to hierarchies of workLook to CSCW as long as help, early suggestions include flexible calendaring systems
Offer Familiar Tools in addition to Assistance in UseWord-of-mouth in addition to peer referrals the major driving as long as ces in CI adoptionThese referrals are largely based on the extent to which CI tools reflect existing work practicesAmount in addition to accessibility of support documentation also an issueConclusionGroup theory is a critical in addition to productive tool as long as evaluating CIServes to decenter the technology laden discussion of CI researchReveals the complex in addition to nuanced ways in which CI in addition to groups influence each other Leaves us with an early set of research questions as long as moving as long as wardHow do groups choose appropriate CI environmentsHow do groups obtain in addition to maintain access (social in addition to technological) to their CI environmentsHow do groups resolve socio-politically rooted data management (i.e., collection, storage, processing, sharing) conflictsIn what ways do the differing epistemological in addition to ontological practices of scientific disciplines influence group well-beingWhat role does trust play in fostering group well-being with regard to the use of CI environmentsHow are technologically rooted contexts of work used to maintain group well-beingHow do group members negotiate their value within the group with respect to the use of CI environmentsHow do scientists overcome the challenges to their professional identity presented by the adoption of CI toolsHow can individual motivation in addition to incentives be used to facilitate the participation of group members in CI oriented work
Thank YouTyler Pacetympace@indiana.eduFlickr Creditshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/170815745/http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/169880784/http://www.flickr.com/photos/zol87/3986512406/http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/170180928/http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/170435086/http://www.flickr.com/photos/bluebike/3526850803/http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/170576191/http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagoceli/133890748/http://www.flickr.com/photos/jbolles/848559970/http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagogeek/3172083492/http://www.flickr.com/photos/bithead/278824664/http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagoceli/270667231/http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagogeek/3571881330/http://www.flickr.com/photos/bluebike/3526852651/http://www.flickr.com/photos/yooperann/3821611176/http://www.flickr.com/photos/m500/2778956038/http://www.flickr.com/photos/charlestil as long as d/266488295/http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/170024684/http://www.flickr.com/photos/brostad/3343854310/http://www.flickr.com/photos/sectionz/49548872/http://www.flickr.com/photos/biverson/2515629013/http://www.flickr.com/photos/vsmithuk/370773841/sizes/l/http://www.flickr.com/photos/zol87/2923242557/http://www.flickr.com/photos/24894289@N08/4359755949/All photos used in this presentation are CC licensed.
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