Humanoid Robots Outline What is a Robot History History (cont.)
Sauceda, Mike, Executive Producer – Horizon has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Humanoid Robots Pratik Shah CS 575 Prof: K.V.Bapa Rao Outline What is a robot History Our Times Why Humanoid Robots ASIMO Recognition Technology Conclusion What is a Robot A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions as long as the per as long as mance of a variety of tasks.” Robot Institute of America, 1979 Where AI (Artificial Intelligence) meets the real world.
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History Early Stages The notion of putting machines to work can be credited to great thinkers like Aristotle. Westinghouse Electric Corp. creates two of the first robots that use the electric motor as long as entire body motion. History (cont.) 1968 Shaky build at Stan as long as d Research Institute. Shakey could per as long as m tasks that required planning, route-finding, in addition to the rearranging of simple objects. Our Times In 1997 the P3 robot was produced by Honda which was more human like. Capabalities:- Walk around Climb stairs Carry things Pick things up Push things Position it self accurately
Our Times (cont.) In 2000 Honda incorporated the P3 technology into its dancing robot ASIMO. Why Humanoids Why Humanoids Anthropomorphism Humans have built complex environments, tools in addition to equipments very much adapted to our selves. Robots with human-like morphology in addition to motion capabilities have a greater potential acting in living environments created as long as humans, than e.g. wheeled robots.
Why Humanoids Embodiment The as long as m of our bodies is critical to the representations that we develop in addition to use as long as both our internal thought in addition to our language. If we are to build a robot with human like intelligence then it must have a human like body in order to be able to develop similar sorts of representations. Why Humanoids Important aspects of being human are interaction in addition to communication with other humans. Humanoids can communicate in a manner that supports the natural communication modalities of humans. Examples include: facial expression, body posture, gesture, gaze direction, in addition to voice. If a robot has humanoid as long as m, then it will be both easy in addition to natural as long as humans to interact with it in a humanlike way. Who is ASIMO ASIMO is a humanoid robot created in 2000 by Honda. ASIMO st in addition to s as long as Advanced Step in Innovative MObility 11th in line of successive bipedal humanoid models by Honda. It is the 4th man like humanoid robot.
Specifications Weight: 52 kilograms Running Speed: 6 km/h Walking speed: 2.7 km/h Walking speed while carrying objects: 1.6 km/h Height: 130 cm Width: 45 cm Depth: 44 cm Continuous operating time: 40 min 1 hr Degrees of Freedom: 34 Why was ASIMO created Why was ASIMO created
Recognition Technology With 2000’s ASIMO model Honda added many features, labelled “Intelligence Technology”, that enable ASIMO to interact better with humans. These features fall under 5 categories: 1. Recognition of moving objects 2. Posture/gesture recognition 3. Environment recognition 4. Sound recognition 5. Face recognition. Recognition of moving objects ASIMO can detect movement of multiple objects, assessing distance in addition to direction using the visual info. captured by the camera. Featured served by this application are Follow the movements of people Follow a person Yield to pedestrians in its path. Greet a person when he or she approaches. Recognition of postures in addition to gestures Positioning in addition to movement of a h in addition to , recognizing postures in addition to gestures. Can react in addition to be directed to both voice comm in addition to s in addition to natural movements of human being. Recognize when a h in addition to shake is offered. A person waving at it. Movement directions.
Environment recognition ASIMO can recognize the objects in addition to terrain of his environment in addition to act in a way that is safe as long as both himself in addition to nearby humans. Recognizing potential hazards such as stairs. Avoid hitting humans in addition to other moving objects. Distinguishing sounds ASIMO can distinguish between voices in addition to other sounds. He can respond to his name, face people when being spoken to, in addition to recognize sudden, unusual sounds such as that of a falling object or a collision, in addition to face in that direction. Facial recognition ASIMO has the ability to recognize faces, even when ASIMO or the human being is moving. It can individually recognize approximately 10 different faces. Once they are registered it can address them by name.
Demo ASIMO at CES 2007 in Las Vegas. ASIMO conducts Detroit Symphony Orchestra Conclusion History of humanoid robot Reasons as long as its existence ASIMO And now The Big Question The Big Question Should the human race be worried by the rise of robots Why do you ask Isn’t all this just sci-fi fantasy What else is about to be invented What’s all this about ‘robot rights’ But do these changes raise moral issues
So are these machines a threat Yes The Japanese are trying to create a robot that will take over child minding in addition to care of the elderly from human beings The Koreans are working on a robot sentry that can distinguish the movement of people in addition to shoot them on sight The US military have commissioned a robot helicopter with a recoil-less rifle capable of tracking in addition to killing a particular individual So are these machines a threat No Robots are taking over tasks which are deemed dull, dirty in addition to dangerous The idea of robots with greater intelligence than humans is at least 50 years away, in addition to may never come It’s not the robots we need to worry about; it’s the people who programme them References Honda Asimo Website History of humanoid robots part 1 History of humanoid robots part 2
Sauceda, Mike Executive Producer – Horizon
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