Implications of net-centricity as long as C2: hierarchy, autonomy, common resources Rus
Davis, Judy, Operations Manager has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Implications of net-centricity as long as C2: hierarchy, autonomy, common resources Russ Abbott, The Aerospace Corporation Roberta Ewart, USAF/SMC © 2006 The Aerospace Corporation Contents Comm in addition to in addition to control is Plat as long as ms enable more plat as long as ms. Innovative organizations. How comm in addition to intent is communicated in addition to ensured How responsibility in addition to authority are assigned How organizations communicate in addition to operate Centralized comm in addition to decentralized execution What is comm in addition to in addition to control The exercise of authority in addition to direction by a properly designated comm in addition to er [emphasis added] over assigned in addition to attached as long as ces in the accomplishment of the mission. Comm in addition to in addition to control functions are per as long as med through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, in addition to procedures employed by a comm in addition to er in planning, directing, coordinating, in addition to controlling as long as ces in addition to operations in the accomplishment of the mission. Department of Defense, Dictionary of Military in addition to Associated Terms Assures accountability Enables hierarchical structure in addition to control Comm in addition to er-centric
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Whats wrong with this picture No horizontal communication. No dashed lines. (Is that good) Its not accurate as a communication or operational structure. It may represent how authority is delegated, in addition to it may represent how responsibility is assigned, but it doesnt represent how communication occurs or how organizations really work. Downward pointing arrows: comm in addition to s. Upward pointing arrows: status reports. Can be implemented with point-to-point communication links. Comm in addition to in addition to Control What is Comm in addition to in addition to Control The future of comm in addition to in addition to control is not Comm in addition to in addition to Control. In fact, the term Comm in addition to in addition to Control has become a significant impediment to progress. Ef as long as ts have been made to (re)define this term in ways that would make it more relevant to 21st century organizations in addition to endeavors. Ef as long as ts to date, however, have not been able to overcome the deeply ingrained belief that the term Comm in addition to in addition to Control is synonymous with a specific approach, namely the way traditional military organizations are organized in addition to operate. The term thus has become unalterably frozen in time. Dave Alberts, Director CCRP. Agility, Focus, in addition to Convergence: The Future of Comm in addition to in addition to Control, The International C2 Journal, DoD/CCRP. April 2007. What is Comm in addition to in addition to Control For our purposes we will define comm in addition to in addition to control as The structures in addition to processes through which an organization operates. The focus is on interaction among participants in the organization. David Sloan Wilson, Evolution as long as Everyone Everything is both an entity in addition to a group.
From point-to-point links to plat as long as ms Need more than fixed point-to-point communication channels The communication system (even if just a telephone system) is the start of net-centricity Must distinguish between communication structure in addition to comm in addition to hierarchy. Becomes reified as an additional componentnot just a collection of interfaces. Plat as long as m But a network/plat as long as m does nothing on its own. The fundamental question How will the organization use the network/plat as long as m Enabling communication neither eliminates responsibility nor undermines comm in addition to intent. As a common resource, how does it fit into the hierarchy Its all plat as long as ms Telephone system Voicemail Television infrastructure Television channel Talk show Internet Email Interest groups WWW Wikipedia Google maps Craigs list eBay store store Mashups SOA framework Service TV show Telemarketing Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Service Television channel Talk show Talk show Politics Civil society Courts: dispute resolution Money in addition to banking system Free market economic system Other infrastructure elements Product Service Movie marketing Politics Layered architectures not functional decomposition Presentation Session Transport Network Physical WWW (HTML) browsers + servers Applications, e.g., email, IM, Wikipedia Each layer is a plat as long as m that is built on the layers below it enables higher level layers to be built on top of it is vulnerable to disruption.
Governance: plat as long as ms are not like most businesses Not a typical business product or service. Does not combine components from suppliers to make in addition to sell a product as long as consumers. Enables interaction. Value depends on breadth of use. Often called a network effect. Plat as long as m service provider Examples Internet WWW GIG. A credit card service. A shopping center. A dating service. Whoever owns/runs/controls it, has users at their mercy. Plat as long as m Governance of common resources becomes a central issue. Multi-sided plat as long as m A means, mechanism, or set of conventions that structure in addition to enable interaction among parties. Owners in addition to users priorities may not be compatible. Wise crowds: more than the sum of their parts Web wise crowd plat as long as ms Wikis Mailing lists Chat rooms Prediction markets (James Surowiecki, The Wisdom of Crowds) (Scott Page, The Difference) Wise crowd criteria Diverse: different skills in addition to in as long as mation brought to the table. Decentralized in addition to with independent participants: No one at the top dictates the crowd’s answer. Each person free to speak his/her own mind in addition to make own decision. Distillation mechanism: to extract the essence of the crowd’s wisdom. Condorcet Jury Theorem (18th century) example Five people (a small crowd). Each person has a 75% chance of being right. Probability that the majority will be right: ~90% Traditional wise crowds Teams Juries Democratic voting Participant autonomy. Emergence.
Innovative environments The Internet The inspiration as long as net-centricity in addition to the GIG Goal: to bring the creativity of the internet to the DoD What do innovative environments have in common Other innovative environments The scientific in addition to technological research process The market economy Biological evolution Innovative environments To ensure innovation: Innovation is always the result of an evolutionary process. R in addition to omly generate new possibilities. Select the good ones. (Daniel Dennett, Darwin’s Dangerous Idea) How does this apply to organizations Sounds simple doesnt it Creation in addition to trial Encourage the prolific generation in addition to trial of new ideas. Reaping the rewards of success Allow new ideas to flourish or wither based on how well they do. Innovation in various environments New ideas arent the problem. Trying them out Reaping rewards
The challenge To identify in addition to adopt C2 frameworks that encourage hierarchical organizations to build plat as long as ms that enable wise crowds in addition to facilitate innovation. Hierarchy (comm in addition to intent in addition to responsibility) is not inconsistent with net-centricity (plat as long as ms). Hierarchy (top-down control) can be a significant impediment to wise crowds in addition to innovation. Governance of common resources (plat as long as ms) will be a challenge.
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