Indian Cuisine “Indian food is the reflection of the heritage of its people. It

Indian Cuisine “Indian food is the reflection of the heritage of its people. It www.phwiki.com

Indian Cuisine “Indian food is the reflection of the heritage of its people. It

Supplee, Vinton, Glendale Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Indian Cuisine “Indian food is the reflection of the heritage of its people. It represents its historical development, religious beliefs, cultural practices, in addition to above all, its geographical attributes” Characterized by its aromatic, captivating fragrances in addition to intriguing flavors India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, in addition to Sri Lanka were once part of the single nation of India, in Indian Subcontinent. North most Part of India (Highl in addition to climate), valley of Kashmir with magnificent Persian gardens in addition to terraced lakes, brisk, cool fresh air is lured with fragrance of pine in addition to saffron flowers. Walnuts in addition to fruit orchards, morels in addition to black cumin seeds grow wild, cool climate as long as sheep, thus lamb as long as ms the basis of many Kashmiri dishes. Long grain rice known as Basmati grow in the foothills of the mountain

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Northern plans, irrigated by the great rivers of Indus in addition to Gonges, with soil extreme climate variation, fierce heat (120F) to subfreezing cold with dry chilly winds, wheat, corn, millet, barley, in addition to innumerable variety of legumes in addition to vegetable flourish. Man are tall in addition to hardy in addition to diet rich (Delhi, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh) Clarified butter used as cooking oil, goat, chicken are common Bread is primary staple of the people On the east, plains of Bengal where Ganges flows into the Bay of Bengal. Climate is hot in addition to human. Both freshwater in addition to sea fish, shellfish, coconut palms, mustard plants are common Rice is abundant. Further northeast, cool air in addition to seasonal rains create ideal conditions as long as cultivating tea (Darjeeling tea) Great Deccan plateau lined on both sides by a chain of hills known as Ghat. Poor soil, lack of irrigation restrict agriculture. Northwest of Deccan lies Gujarat, rich soil as long as cotton, millet, barley, legumes, in addition to varieties of vegetables Bread is staple, vegetarian population uses lentil purees in addition to vegetable cooked in sesame oil are common food.

To the northwest is Maharashtra, Goa in addition to Malabar, tropical climate in addition to monsoon rains, wet in addition to humid. Rice is staple, dish (white non-oily fish called Pomfret in addition to a small transparent fish called Bombil is sun-dried in addition to sold as wafers), variety of shellfish (prawn, shrimp, crab, lobster, clams, in addition to mussels), banana, palm (coconut, dates) Common food: coconut in addition to rice cooked with fish in addition to seafood Sabudana: made from latex of the sego palm Summary of Climate: Four seasons: dry, cool winter (Dec-Feb) Dry, hot summer (Mar-May) Southwest monsoon (June-Sept) Retreating monsoon (Oct-Nov) Cultural: Hindu 81.3%; Islam 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikhism 1.9%; others: Buddihist, Jainism, in addition to parsis 2.5% total Religion’s influence on people’s food in addition to eating habits is profound Originated from India: Hinduism (no beef), Buddhism, Jainism, in addition to Sikhism (no beef). Moslem (no pork) was brought to India 900 years ago, second largest population there in the world. Invasion of new cultural is most influential in north. Natural barriers in addition to long distance made migration to the south slow in addition to infrequent. Certain Hindus (Brahmins in addition to Jains) are strict vegetarians. Meat as long as bidden are red meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, eggs, in addition to their products Certain strict vegetarians won’t eat food that resembles meat, such as tomatoes, red beets, in addition to watermelon because of their flesh like color. Neither do they use seasonings that are strong in addition to generally associated with the cooking of meat, such as garlic in addition to onion Cooking style North India has the most popular in addition to refined style of cooking. Originated from Moghuls in sixteenth century. There are Turk-Mongols by origin in addition to Moslem by religion. They admire most culture is Persian since they are influence by it on their way to India. Moghul food: lovers of nature in addition to food life, keen sense of beauty, in addition to a passion as long as elegance. Good as long as meat preparations in addition to rice pilafs, delicate flavorings in addition to superb silk sauces (often mistaken as long as Persian dish). Yogurt, cream, fruit in addition to nut betters are incorporated into the food to mellow in addition to velvetize the sauces Mild but fragrant spices: cinnamon, cardamom, mace, nutmeg in addition to clove; saffron (especially in rice pilafs) T in addition to oori oven

The foundation of Indian cooking rests on the flavorings of spices in addition to herbs, not on special techniques or expensive ingredients It is an art than a science, highly personalized, reflecting individual tastes. Knowledge of how to use spices in addition to herbs is the key that will unlock the secrets of the Indian cooking Some herbs in addition to spices as long as aromatics, some lend coloring, others as souring agents, some give a hot taste, others thicken or tenderize a dish The role of spices in addition to herbs goes far beyond pleasing the palate in addition to soothing the senses. They are medicinal properties known to ancient Indian (preventive in addition to curative powers) Example: North Indian appetizer is always sprinkled with black salt in addition to lemon juice, both of which are known as long as stimulating the appetite in addition to increasing blood circulation. Spices “warm” spices: generate internal body heat (recommended as long as cold weather). Examples: bay leaf, black cardamom, cinnamon, ginger powder, mace, nutmeg, red pepper (used often in cool climate of Kashmir). Tea is flavored by cinnamon in addition to cardamom in cool climate. “cool” spices: take heat away from one’s system. All other spices range from very cool to moderate warm in addition to suitable at all times in all climates In Plain region, ‘cool’ spices added to beverages “cool punch’ milk, almond milk, sunflower in addition to cantaloupe seeds, fennel, cloves, in addition to green cardamom Spices induce perspiration: hot weather Indians drink hot spice-laced tea; some spices have several properties: Saffron: orange-yellow color in addition to a hypnotizing aroma to a dish Cori in addition to er: thicken a sauce in addition to imparts a nutty fragrance Onions: thicken in addition to perfume Moghul grains Tomatoes: tenderizing in addition to souring agents Spices all have to be cooked be as long as e use, mixed well-balance, no once dominates.

Classic Indian Cooking by Julie Sahni, William Morrow in addition to Company, Inc, New York, 1980,541pp.

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