Infection Control Infection Control INFECTION CONTROL Infection Control Microorganisms that cause disease
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Infection Control Microorganisms Infectious Disease Chain of Infection Nosocomial Infection Disease Control Environment Microorganisms that cause disease Bacteria Viruses Fungi Protozoa Can grow in or on an animal or plant in addition to cause diseases. Host: animal or plant that provides life support to another organism.
Microorganisms Disease: Any change from the normal structure or function in the human body. Infection: Growth of a microorganism on or in a host. Disease Disease occurs only when the microorganism causes injury to the host
Pathogen A disease producing microorganism. Multiply in large numbers in addition to cause an obstruction Cause tissue damage Secrete substance that produce effects in the body Exotoxins ( high body temp, nausea, vomiting) Bacteria Strep Throat Bacterial Pneumonia Food Poisoning Protozoan Trichomonas Vaginalis Plasmodium Vivax Malaria
Viruses Common cold Mononucleosis Warts Fungi Athletes Foot Tinea pedis Ringworm Chain of Infection Host Infectious Microorganism Mode of Transmission Vector/ Fomite Reservoir
6 Steps of Infection Encounter Entry Spread Multiplication Damage Outcome 6 Steps of Infection Encounter Entry Spread Multiplication Damage Outcome Which of these steps if stopped can prevent infection What can health care workers do to prevent them Nosocomial Infections Infections originating in the hospital; an infection not present be as long as e admittance to the hospital.
Nosocomial Infections Iatrogenic Infection Compromised Patients Patient Flora Hospital Environment Bloodborne Pathogens Third Degree Burn The skin: the bodys first natural defense to disease
Universal Precautions Since there is no way you can know if a person is infected, you should ALWAYS use universal precautions: Wash your h in addition to s Wear gloves H in addition to le sharp objects carefully Properly clean all spills Wear mask, eye protection, in addition to apron if splashing is a possibility. Airborne Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that remain suspended in air as long as long periods on aerosol droplets or dust. TB, Chickenpox, Measles Respiratory protection must be worn when entering pt room. Pt should wear mask.
Droplet Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that disseminate through large particulate droplets expelled from coughing, sneezing, or even talking. Rubella, Mumps, Influenza Surgical mask must be worn when within 3 feet of the pt. Pt should wear a mask. Contact Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that spread by direct contact with the pt or by indirect contact with a contaminated object (bedrail, pt dressing). Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Hepatitis A, Varicella, Flesh-eating Virus All PPE should be used in addition to equipment must be disinfected after use. Controlling the spread of Disease Chemotherapy Immunization Asepsis Medical Surgical Disinfectants
Physical Methods of Controlling Diseases H in addition to washing St in addition to ard Precautions Gloving Gowns Face masks Eyewear H in addition to washing Single most important means of preventing the spread of infection. 7 to 8 minutes of washing to remove the microbes present, depending on the number present. Most effective portion of h in addition to washing is the mechanical action of rubbing the h in addition to s together. Types of Nosocomial Infections Iatrogenic Infection related to physician activities Compromised Patients – weakened resistance; immunosuppressed Patient Flora – microbes in healthy people Contaminated Hospital Environment Bloodborne Pathogens Hepatitis B in addition to HIV
Transmission Based Precautions Considered whenever a patient is infected with known disease airborne droplet contact Questions Infection Control
Bizzozero, Judie Group Editorial Director
Bizzozero, Judie is from United States and they belong to Looking Fit and they are from Phoenix, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Bizzozero, Judie deal with the subjects like Fitness; Vitamins and Dietary Supplements
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