Infection Control, Vital Signs, Oxygen & Medical Emergencies RTEC 93 Infection C

Infection Control, Vital Signs, Oxygen & Medical Emergencies RTEC 93 Infection C www.phwiki.com

Infection Control, Vital Signs, Oxygen & Medical Emergencies RTEC 93 Infection C

Pyrek, Kelly, Group Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Infection Control, Vital Signs, Oxygen & Medical Emergencies RTEC 93 Infection Control Microorganisms Infectious Disease Chain of Infection Nosocomial Infection Disease Control Environment

Bethany College West Virginia US www.phwiki.com

This Particular University is Related to this Particular Journal

St in addition to ard Precautions What do you think What is the potential hazard to the patient when strict aseptic techniques is not used when administering intravenous medication or contrast Microorganisms that cause disease Bacteria Viruses Fungi Protozoa Can grow in or on an animal or plant in addition to cause diseases. Host: animal or plant that provides life support to another organism.

Disease Disease occurs only when the microorganism causes injury to the host Pathogen A disease producing microorganism. Multiply in large numbers in addition to cause an obstruction Cause tissue damage Secrete substance that produce effects in the body Exotoxins ( high body temp, nausea, vomiting) 6 Steps of Infection Encounter Entry Spread Multiplication Damage Outcome

Chain of Infection Host Infectious Microorganism Mode of Transmission Vector/ Fomite Reservoir Nosocomial Infections Infections originating in the hospital; an infection not present be as long as e admittance to the hospital. Nosocomial Infections Iatrogenic Infection Compromised Patients Patient Flora Hospital Environment Bloodborne Pathogens

Types of Nosocomial Infections Iatrogenic Infection – related to physician activities Compromised Patients – weakened resistance; immunosuppressed Patient Flora – microbes in healthy people Contaminated Hospital Environment Bloodborne Pathogens – Hepatitis B in addition to HIV Third Degree Burn Who needs protection from infection if this is your patient

Universal Precautions Since there is no way you can know if a person is infected, you should ALWAYS use universal precautions: Wash your h in addition to s Wear gloves H in addition to le sharp objects carefully Properly clean all spills Wear mask, eye protection, in addition to apron if splashing is a possibility. What are the 3 Transmission-based Isolation Precautions Contact Droplet Airborne Airborne Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that remain suspended in air as long as long periods on aerosol droplets or dust. TB, Chickenpox, Measles Respiratory protection must be worn when entering pt room. Pt should wear mask.

Droplet Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that disseminate through large particulate droplets expelled from coughing, sneezing, or even talking. Rubella, Mumps, Influenza Surgical mask must be worn when within 3 feet of the pt. Pt should wear a mask. Contact Precautions Patients infected with pathogens that spread by direct contact with the pt or by indirect contact with a contaminated object (bedrail, pt dressing). Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Hepatitis A, Varicella, Flesh-eating Virus All PPE should be used in addition to equipment must be disinfected after use. Controlling the spread of Disease Chemotherapy Immunization Asepsis Medical Surgical Disinfectants

Physical Methods of Controlling Diseases H in addition to washing St in addition to ard Precautions Gloving Gowns Face masks Eyewear H in addition to washing Single most important means of preventing the spread of infection. 7 to 8 minutes of washing to remove the microbes present, depending on the number present. Per JCAHO =10-15 seconds Most effective portion of h in addition to washing is the mechanical action of rubbing the h in addition to s together.

Pyrek, Kelly EndoNurse Group Editor www.phwiki.com

So What, in addition to Who Cares Students in addition to Techs are challenged both physically in addition to mentally by the microbial world. In this world of newly found, life-threatening diseases, education has become the key to survival. Health care providers must be committed to infection control so that diseases can be conquered! Infection Control per JCAHO Fingernail Compliance No more than ¼ inch long No artificial nails No chips on nail polish

When do you wash your h in addition to s When h in addition to s are visibly soiled Be as long as e in addition to after patient contact After removal of gloves After using the toilet After blowing or wiping the nose Upon leaving an isolation area When do you wash your h in addition to s Be as long as e Eating How long do you wash 10-15 Seconds When should sharps boxes be emptied When they are 2/3 full

Pg. 319 Do Not Use abbreviations Questions “The pessimist sees difficulty in every opportunity. The optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty.” Winston Churchill

Pyrek, Kelly Group Editor

Pyrek, Kelly is from United States and they belong to EndoNurse and they are from  Phoenix, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Pyrek, Kelly deal with the subjects like Clinical Trials; Disability and Rehabilitation; Health Education; Infectious Diseases; Nursing; Pharmaceutical Medicine/Pharmaceutical Industry

Journal Ratings by Bethany College West Virginia

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Bethany College West Virginia and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.