Instructional Design Models as long as School Health Education Synectics Model (Creativ
Binkley, Christina, Fashion Columnist has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Instructional Design Models as long as School Health Education Synectics Model (Creative Process as long as Secondary Education) Power Point created by Erika Russell S in addition to ra L. Owen Professional Education Faculty Dept. Kinesiology in addition to Health Georgia State University Copyright, 2006 The development of the Synectics Model is attributed to William J. J. Gordon, 1961 The basic tools of learning are analogies that serve as connectors between the new in addition to the familiar good teaching traditionally makes ingenious use of analogies in addition to metaphors to help students visualize content. (William J.J. Goodman) Gordons Four Distinct States Detachment & involvement: A change in perspective in which the person moves from distant to the problem to connected in addition to committed to the problem; Deferment: Prevent premature closure in addition to entertain other possible solutions; Speculation: Once free from premature closure, the person can critically consider the consequences of each possible solution; Autonomy of Subject: The feeling that the solution to the problem has taken over in addition to is working itself out; it is that warm feeling of being right long be as long as e there is a rationale.
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Initial Description What is the problem statement What are the possible specific factors of the problem Where in the lesson does detachment & involvement, deferment, speculation, in addition to autonomy occur Describe how the lesson generates ideas by referring, reflecting, in addition to reconstructing Offer an example of direct, personal, in addition to symbolic analogies specific to the problem Provide lesson goal in addition to objective statements Generating Ideas With Synectics Referring involves gathering in as long as mation in addition to defining the problem Reflecting involves using a variety of techniques to generate ideas Reconstructing involves synthesizing ideas to create a useful solution. Generating Ideas With Synectics (Further Discussion) Referring Define problem Research contributing factors Identify typical solutions Reflecting Seek comparisons in addition to associations with other situations that might provide a non-typical solution Comparisons are made through analogies Reconstructing Rationally evaluate ideas generated in the Reflecting Phase bringing them together to as long as m practical in addition to useful solutions
Three Types of Analogies: Seeking Relationships Direct Analogy: comparison between two things Example: Veins are like a plumbing system. Personal Analogy: the student becomes an element within the problem; the goal is empathy Example: How would you feel if you were a tree attacked by acid rain Symbolic Analogy: descriptions that appear to be contradictory, yet are actually creative insight Example: When is silence deafening Application of the Synectics Model to the Seven Components of the Health Lesson Plan (example) Goal Statement The student will underst in addition to the relationship between low self-esteem in addition to obesity. Objective Statement The student will apply three creative solutions to improving self-esteem. Anticipatory Set (Step One: Present the problem, excite interest) Problem: Low self-esteem makes a person more vulnerable to stress, depression, in addition to subsequent weight gain. Activity: Have each student write two derogatory statements about weight; statements are passed on to a peer in addition to read back to the originator; reflections on personal feelings are shared Teaching Cues (Step Two: Provide Expert In as long as mation) This is where content in as long as mation would be provided using technology or print materials. Teacher Modeling (Explanation as long as Step 6, explanation of analogies) Direct Analogy: How is your personality like a snowflake Personal Analogy: What does a personality with low self-esteem look like Symbolic Analogy: How can you smile when everything is going wrong
Student Activity (Steps 3-8, this occurs in small groups) Step 3: Brainstorm obvious solutions to the problem, write down solutions, in addition to h in addition to paper in to teacherthese solutions cannot be used in the final outcome Step 4 & 5: Each small group generates several specific problem statements related to the original problem statement in addition to selects one they want to solve. Eg. Retail stores selling designer jeans in only small sizes Step 6: Direct, personal, in addition to symbolic analogies are developed Step 7: Force analogies to fit the problem Step 8: Determine a solution from the new viewpoint Evaluation: reflection on the process How unique was the groups solution to the problem Explain. How effective was the group in creating new insights together
Binkley, Christina Fashion Columnist
Binkley, Christina is from United States and they belong to Wall Street Journal – Los Angeles Bureau and they are from Los Angeles, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Binkley, Christina deal with the subjects like Fashion and Wearing Apparel; Luxury Goods Industry
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