INVENTORY OF NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSIONS DERIVED FROM SPACE-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF N

INVENTORY OF NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSIONS DERIVED FROM SPACE-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF N www.phwiki.com

INVENTORY OF NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSIONS DERIVED FROM SPACE-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF N

Byers, Ken, Operations Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal INVENTORY OF NITROGEN OXIDE EMISSIONS DERIVED FROM SPACE-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF NO2 COLUMNS Daniel Jacob Paul Palmer Mathew Evans R in addition to all Martin Kelly Chance Thomas Kurosu Sushil Ch in addition to ra Jerry Ziemke HOW DO WE EVALUATE AND IMPROVE BOTTOM-UP INVENTORIES Surface NOX Global NOx Emissions (Tg N yr-1) Fossil Fuel (20-33) Biomass Burning (3-13) Soils (4-21) Here in Tg N yr-1 (based on) Fossil Fuel 24 (GEIA) Biomass Burning 6 (Logan/Duncan) Soils 5 (Yienger in addition to Levy) TOP-DOWN INFORMATION FROM THE GOME SATELLITE INSTRUMENT Operational since 1995 Nadir-viewing solar backscatter instrument (237-794 nm) Low-elevation polar sun-synchronous orbit, 10:30 a.m. observation time Spatial resolution 320×40 km2, three cross-track scenes Complete global coverage in 3 days

Kent State University - Stark US www.phwiki.com

This Particular University is Related to this Particular Journal

USE GOME MEASUREMENTS TO RETRIEVE NO2 COLUMNS TO MAP NOx EMISSIONS Emission NO NO2 HNO3 lifetime ~hours NITROGEN OXIDES (NOx) BOUNDARY LAYER GOME NO/NO2 W ALTITUDE Tropospheric NO2 column ~ ENOx Spectral Fit (423-451 nm) Remove Stratosphere Total Slant Column Tropospheric Slant Column Calculate AMF Tropospheric Column GOME Tropospheric NO2 GEOS-CHEM Tropospheric NO2 1015 molecules cm-2 r=0.75 bias 5% Martin et al., 2003 STRATEGY: OPTIMIZE SURFACE INVENTORY USING A PRIORI BOTTOM-UP AND GOME TOP-DOWN INFORMATION A posteriori emissions Top-down emissions A priori emissions A priori errors Top-down errors Martin et al., 2003

TOP-DOWN INFORMATION FROM GOME REDUCES ERROR IN NOX EMISSION INVENTORY Bottom-up error a Mean=2.0 Top-down error t Mean=2.0 Martin et al., 2003 Mean=1.6 OPTIMIZED SURFACE NOX EMISSIONS 36.4 Tg N yr-1 37.7 Tg N yr-1 Martin et al., 2003 A POSTERIORI MINUS A PRIORI EMISSIONS Martin et al., 2003

TOMS/MLS TROPOSPHERIC OZONE CONFIRMS A PRIORI BIOMASS BURNING NOX EMISSIONS HIGH OVER INDIA Dobson Units as long as March, April, May TOMS/MLS GEOS-CHEM 30 N 30 S 30 N 30 S Ch in addition to ra et al., 2003

Byers, Ken KQNA-AM Operations Director www.phwiki.com

Byers, Ken Operations Director

Byers, Ken is from United States and they belong to KQNA-AM and they are from  Prescott, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Byers, Ken deal with the subjects like Entertainment; Local News; Regional News

Journal Ratings by Kent State University – Stark

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Kent State University – Stark and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.