Lecture 19 – 20 Lecture 19 – 20 Lecture 21 Lecture 21 Lecture 22.

Lecture 19 - 20 Lecture 19 - 20 Lecture 21 Lecture 21 Lecture 22. www.phwiki.com

Lecture 19 – 20 Lecture 19 – 20 Lecture 21 Lecture 21 Lecture 22.

Greene, Reginald, News Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Bio 185 Lecture 19 – 20 Energy metabolism: Introduction Oxidation – reduction reactions Harvest of energy: synthesis of ATP Energy & Carbon requirements:

University of Greenland GL www.phwiki.com

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1. Energy source: – phototroph – chemo-organotroph – chemo-lithotroph 2. Carbon source: – C-autotroph – C-heterotroph Oxidation Reduction Reactions:

Coupled oxidation-reduction reactions:

Oxidized & reduced as long as m: Reduction potential: Reduction potential scale:

Redox potential of selected redox pairs. Flow of e- in oxidation/reduction pair: Carbon in addition to Oxygen:

Carbon in addition to Coenzyme I: Coenzyme I in addition to Oxygen: Electron tower:

Electron tower: Electron tower: energy release:

Electron tower: energy release: Amount of energy released when electrons bounce down the steps of an electron tower is proportional to the length of the electron tower. Lecture 19 – 20 Energy metabolism: Introduction Oxidation – reduction reactions Harvest of energy: synthesis of ATP

Greene, Reginald WBHK-FM News Director www.phwiki.com

Energy-rich Molecules: High energy compounds: – phosphoenolpyruvate 14.8 – 1,3-diphosphoglycerate 12.4 – acetyl phosphate 10.3 – ATP /ADP 7.3 Low energy compounds: – AMP 4.3 – glucose-6-phosphate 3.3 (kcal/mole) Energy metabolism = synthesis of ATP:

High-energy ester bond Synthesis of ATP: Substrate-level phosphorylation:

The End.

Greene, Reginald News Director

Greene, Reginald is from United States and they belong to WBHK-FM and they are from  Birmingham, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Greene, Reginald deal with the subjects like International News; Local News; National News; Regional News

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This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by University of Greenland and short form of this particular Institution is GL and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.