MAGENETIC RESONANCE IMAGINING History Background In as long as mation The machine

MAGENETIC RESONANCE IMAGINING History Background In as long as mation The machine www.phwiki.com

MAGENETIC RESONANCE IMAGINING History Background In as long as mation The machine

Paratore, Jim, Executive Producer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal MAGENETIC RESONANCE IMAGINING T2, T5, T7 History Discovered in the 1930’s Originally used in spectroscopy Was the topic of research as long as a noble prize in 2003 Background In as long as mation Our bodies are made up of roughly 63% water MRI machines use hydrogen atoms The hydrogen atoms act like little magnets, which have a north in addition to south pole The atoms inside our body are aligned in all different directions

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The machine The strength of the magnet varies from 0.5 – 4 tesla Average cost between 1-2.5 million Overall picture of how it works The MRI is basically a large magnet Patient lies within scanner-magnetic field is created Magnetic as long as ce causes nuclei with hydrogen (proton) to line with the field-referred to as parallel, there is also antiparallel Electromagnetic radiation (radio waves) are emitted from machine An MRI consists of: a primary magnet: creates the magnetic field by coiling electrical wire in addition to running a current through the wire gradient magnets: allow as long as the magnetic field to be altered precisely in addition to allow image slices of the body to be created. a coil: emits the radiofrequency pulse allowing as long as the alignment of the protons.

Magnet Portion of MRI Protons align parallel or anti-parallel to the magnetic field generated Larmor Frequency: magnetic moment of proton within external field Protons that are parallel=lower energy Protons can oscillate back in addition to as long as th between states, but majority line up parallel with magnetic field we are not magnetic. the magnetic moments of protons within a person are not cohesive. They are pointing in addition to moving in all different directions. The MRI is a giant solenoid magnet providing a magnetic field aligning the protons magnetic moments. The radio frequency pulse manipulates the fact that you are now magnetized making your net magnetic moment flip in a particular area. This generates an electric current in a receiver of the MRI. The MRI scanners extend the frequency along a plane creating a slice that can be imaged. MRI in addition to Radio Frequencies The RF coil produces a radio frequency simultaneously to the magnetic field This radio frequency vibrates at the perfect frequency (resonance frequency) which helps align the atoms in the same direction the radio frequency coil sent out a signal that resonates with the protons. The radio waves are then shut off. The protons continue to vibrate sending signals back to the radio frequency coils that receive these signals.

The signals are then ran through a computer in addition to go through a Fourier equation to produce an image. Tissues can be distinguished from each other based on their densities. Uses as long as an MRI Used to image a large variety of tissues in addition to substances. Brain imaging: to define anatomy, identify bleeding, swelling, tumors, or the presence of a stroke To locate gl in addition to s, organs, joint structures, muscles in addition to bone Some diseases manifest themselves in having an increase in water content The MRI can detect inflammation (tumors) in many tissues Helpful in diagnosing problems with eyes, ears, heart, circulatory system, lungs, pelvis, spinal cord, etc. MRI Results Creates a 2D in addition to sometimes 3D image that comes from the in as long as mation of the radio waves of the protons Example heart scan https://www.youtube.com/watchv=G4dFVeP9Vdo

Different types of MRI Interventional MRI Used to guide in some noninvasive procedures Real Time MRI Continuous filming/ monitoring of objects in real time Functional MRI Measures signal changes in the brain due to changing neural activity The end result

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Paratore, Jim Executive Producer

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