Modelling in addition to Measurements of the interactions between aerosols in addition to clouds during ACTIVE Campaign 1 Campaign 2 Summary Question

Modelling in addition to Measurements of the interactions between aerosols in addition to clouds during ACTIVE Campaign 1 Campaign 2 Summary Question www.phwiki.com

Modelling in addition to Measurements of the interactions between aerosols in addition to clouds during ACTIVE Campaign 1 Campaign 2 Summary Question

Wong Bryan, Nancy, Contributing Writer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Modelling in addition to Measurements of the interactions between aerosols in addition to clouds during ACTIVE P. Connolly, G. Vaughan, K. Bower, T. W. Choularton, M. W. Gallagher, M. Flynn, G. Allen. A.Heymsfield, A. Bansemer. School of Earth,Atmospheric in addition to Environmental Sciences, The University of Manchester. NCAR, USA Campaign 1 Test Survey Hector Mixed survey/Hector Nov Dec Single-cellular Hector Multi-cellular Hector Mini-monsoon Campaign 2 Test Survey Hector Monsoon Aged anvil Lidar Single-cellular Hector Multi-cellular Hector Westerly Monsoon Monsoon trough Inactive Monsoon

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Summary Around 30 flights with each aircraft in in addition to around tropical convection Inflow conditions change from polluted early in November (smoke from biomass burning) to very clean in Jan/Feb Hectors observed in polluted in addition to clean regimes Monsoon convection observed in the second half of January Question Can we observe the thermodynamic indirect effect AND How important is it LEM Model framework Isl in addition to heat fluxes in addition to roughness length – MODIS. Droplet activation – Twomey 1959: N=Csk Maritime: C=240cm-3, Continental: C=720cm-3. 2-moment bulk microphysical scheme. 3-moment graupel scheme-density of graupel. Radiation code – LW, SW. Large eddy model

Heterogeneous freezing of rain Bigg 1953

Two Hectors Data – Peter May 6 Feb 2006 -clean Satellite data from BoM, aircraft tracks by G. Allen

Rapid latent heat release (freezing of rain, riming) Slower latent heat release (growth of liquid by condensation)

Strong effect when no dry layer 16 Nov 2005 – polluted Satellite data from BoM, aircraft tracks by G. Allen 15.45 17:00

Wong Bryan, Nancy Robb Report Vacation Homes Contributing Writer www.phwiki.com

No strong indirect effect when Dry layers are present 16 Nov (polluted)

Dornier payload Aerosol Chemistry Met/Position Modelling mixed phase clouds Down-draft Ascending cloud layers Lagrangian tracking of precipitation EMM T1, P1 T2, P2 Parcel model – detailed sectional microphysics CRM – Bulk 2-moment microphysics. Explicit ice density. Broad-b in addition to radiation module. Eulerian grid.

Wong Bryan, Nancy Contributing Writer

Wong Bryan, Nancy is from United States and they belong to Robb Report Vacation Homes and they are from  Malibu, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Wong Bryan, Nancy deal with the subjects like Affluent Lifestyle; Consumer Real Estate

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This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Columbia College and short form of this particular Institution is SC and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.