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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Facts about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obs
Arizona State University, Tempe Campus, US has reference to this Academic Journal, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Facts about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is also known as OCD OCD is a medical disorder that causes problems in the information processing. OCD is classified by the DSM-IV as an anxiety disorder Affects over 3.3 Million Americans. Obsession: Contamination of fears of germs or dirt Compulsion: Repeatedly washing Obsession: Needing so that have things ?just so? Compulsion: Hoarding or saving things
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Obsessions Unwanted thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over in addition to over Are accompanied by uncomfortable feelings such as fear, doubt, or disgust. Compulsions Repetitive behaviors In response so that the Compulsions Most common is washing in addition to checking things. OCD is often confused alongside these other disorders: Major Depressive Disorder Panic Disorder Social Phobias ADHD
Onset Can occur any time from preschool age through adulthood Typically by 40?s Equally common in both male in addition to female Diagnosis Criteria according so that DSM-IV Compulsion or Obsessions (Typically both are present) The Compulsion or Obsessions cause marked distress Typically no physical symptoms Scales are available, but they take lots of time Get a History Communication between patient in addition to medical practitioner is key Typical Course of OCD Long process On average 3-4 doctors in addition to over 9 years before receiving the correct diagnosis. Early diagnosis is important Medicine in addition to Cognitive behavior therapy helps most individuals experience long term relief.
LCFF Major Tasks in addition to Milestones CCSESA LCAP Approval Manual Criteria in consideration of Approval Implementation Updates Conditions in consideration of Intervention Conditions in consideration of Intervention Fiscal Accountability Model Fiscal Health Risk Analysis Fiscal Health Risk Analysis
Assessment Visits The Anxiety Disorder Interview Schedule-Revised (ADIS-R) The Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Checklist (Y-BOC) The Leyton Obessional Inventory (LoI) The State Trait Anxiety Inventory of Children (STAIC) Cause of OCD No concrete causes Parents role in addition to non-role Organic reasons Head injuries Brain Chemistry Basal Ganglia Encephalitis Differential Diagnosis
Depressive Disorder vs. OCD Preoccupation alongside depressive thoughts ?I have no friends? Realistic vs. absurd Generalized Anxiety Disorder vs. OCD Excessive worrying in addition to thinking Again realistic vs. absurd Patient alongside OCD may have extremely intense/irrational thoughts The presence of compulsive rituals Hypochondrias vs. OCD Closely related Unrealistic preoccupation of medical concerns Presence of ?checking rituals? so that decrease anxiety
Other illnesses in addition to neurological disorders vs. OCD Anorexia in addition to Dysmorphic disorder Occur in the context of another psychiatric disorder Tourette?s syndrome-increased rate of OCD Trichotillomania Compulsive behavior of pathological gamblers in addition to substance abusers Main Ideas of Differential Diagnosis The presence of obsessive compulsive rituals The manner of the compulsive thoughts For example: unrealistic vs. realistic appropriate vs. inappropriate Treatment Two types A. Pharmacotherapy B. Behavioral Therapy
Use of medications Controlling the symptoms of OCD Lessening the intensity in addition to frequency of the obsessions in addition to compulsions Examples of SSRI?s Prozac Luvox Paxil Zoloft Medications Continued Improvement usually takes 3 weeks Symptoms are reduced but not eliminated Anafranil? 1st SRI used Side effects: Sedation, blurry vision, weight gain, in addition to sexual dysfunction Side effects of SSRI?s Side effects: Insomnia, motor restlessness, nausea, in addition to diarrhea Long-Term treatment needed Behavioral Therapy ?Exposure? in addition to ?Response Prevention? Not able so that eliminate their anxiety Extremely uncomfortable in consideration of OCD patient 80-90% improvement Symptoms are reduced but not eliminated Follow-up sessions needed in consideration of relapse prevention
Use of both therapies Severe case of OCD Mild case of OCD Use of SSRI?s in addition to behavior therapy prove so that have a 70% success rate Therapy determined by patient Willingness so that take a medication Willingness so that work alongside a psychologist Environmental Factors Positive in addition to motivated patient Fully trained therapist during behavior therapy OCD Groups Family provides encouragement in addition to constant reassurance Showing frustration alongside the patient may impact the compulsive behavior New Research A new cognitive-behavioral therapy Emphasizes changing the OCD sufferer?s belief in addition to thinking patterns
Case Study of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Women alongside Postpartum-Onset OCD Lesley M. Arnold, M.D. Presented by Lawrence Pierce Several lines of evidence suggest that postpartum women are at increased risk in consideration of the development or worsening of obsessive-compulsive disorder Recruiting Process Subjects were recruited from outpatient practice at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center in addition to advertising in consideration of a study in consideration of postpartum women. Nine potential subjects were identified. Two were excluded because they did not meet the DSM-IV criteria in consideration of OCD Of the 7 subjects, 5 respondents through advertisement, 2 were referred
Initial Screening Psychiatric evaluation Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) Data on Demographic in addition to Clinical features Family History of any psychiatric disorder in first-degree relatives Obsessions in 7 Women alongside Postpartum-Onset OCD Symptom Obsessions Aggressive Contamination Religious Pathological doubt Sexual Symmetry Other Number % 7 100 5 71 3 43 2 29 1 14 1 14 1 14 Compulsions in 7 Women alongside Postpartum-Onset OCD Symptom Compulsions Checking Cleaning Ordering Counting Superstitious behaviors Number % 4 57 1 14 1 14 1 14 1 14
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Sweeney, Anne General Assignment Reporter
Sweeney, Anne is from United States and they belong to General Assignment Reporter and work for KYMA-TV in the AZ state United States got related to this Particular Article.
Journal Ratings by Arizona State University, Tempe Campus
This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Case Study of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Women alongside Postpartum-Onset OCD Lesley M. Arnold, M.D. Presented by Lawrence Pierce Several lines of evidence suggest that postpartum women are at increased risk in consideration of the development or worsening of obsessive-compulsive disorder Recruiting Process Subjects were recruited from outpatient practice at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center in addition to advertising in consideration of a study in consideration of postpartum women. Nine potential subjects were identified. Two were excluded because they did not meet the DSM-IV criteria in consideration of OCD Of the 7 subjects, 5 respondents through advertisement, 2 were referred and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.