OFFICE ERGONOMICS The Art & Science of Fitting the Work to the Person Click as long as Next Why Ergonomics

OFFICE ERGONOMICS The Art & Science of Fitting the Work to the Person Click as long as Next Why Ergonomics www.phwiki.com

OFFICE ERGONOMICS The Art & Science of Fitting the Work to the Person Click as long as Next Why Ergonomics

Ross, Suzanne, Executive Producer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal OFFICE ERGONOMICS The Art & Science of Fitting the Work to the Person Click as long as Next Why Ergonomics To Prevent disorders of the soft-tissues such as muscles, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, & joints. Common Office Environment Disorders: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Tendonitis Back Strain/Sprain in addition to others Click as long as Next Ergonomic Assessment The following slides provide in as long as mation intended to help you identify potential risk factors in addition to to give you ideas to help improve the ergonomics of your work activities. Use the ergonomic assessment as long as m provided on the website to guide your through assessing in addition to improving your work activities. http://www.montana.edu/wellness/wellAwards.html Click as long as Next

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Numbness Burning Pain/Aching Tingling Cramping Stiffness Symptoms Tightness Decreased range of motion De as long as mity Decreased grip strength Loss of function If you experience these symptoms, you may want to request additional ergonomic assistance. Next Key Risk Factors + Next Risk Factors While each risk factor is significant; discom as long as t or injury is more likely to develop when two or more factors are combined And the risk exposure is sustained over time. Next

Ergonomic Assessment Additional Benefits: Improve com as long as t Decrease fatigue Enhance job satisfaction Increase productivity Extend work life Protect enjoyment of many life activities Next Minimize Risk Factors The Goal of an ergonomics self-assessment is to help you identify AND reduce, eliminate, or safely manage potential risk factors in your work environment. Next Minimize Awkward Postures Use “Neutral Posture” at the Computer & Other Equipment Next

Neutral posture: Back supported by the chair back Ears, Shoulders, Elbows, Hips vertically aligned Elbows, hips, knees bent at near-right angles (90o – 105o) Feet flat on the floor or footrest The basic neutral position most lab personnel should utilize a majority of the time they spend seated at the computer or other equipment. BASIC NEUTRAL Next Forward tilt posture: Raise the chair height a few inches in addition to tilt the front downward slightly (8o – 10o) Back Relief Opens hip angle allowing legs to support some weight. Not recommended if you have knee or foot problems. May be used occasionally throughout the day by most people; but is not recommended as long as long periods at a time. Next Reclining posture: Lean back 10o – 20o into the chair’s backrest in addition to put your feet out in front of you. Lower Body Relief Opens hip in addition to knee angles to help relax back muscles in addition to promotes blood circulation. Leaning back too far can result in an awkward neck posture. May be used occasionally throughout the day by most people; but not recommended as long as long periods at a time. Next

St in addition to ing posture: Provides biggest change in posture Good alternative to prolonged sitting Can be fatiguing, have chair available Prop one foot up on a low footrest to help occasionally shift your weight. St in addition to ing Neutral May be used occasionally throughout the day by most people; but not recommended as long as long periods at a time. Next Adjust your chair to achieve a neutral position – keep trying, it is an ongoing process! Fix (or have fixed) a malfunctioning chair Use a lumbar cushion as long as additional support or if chair lacks adequate back support or seat is too deep Pad armrests that are hard or that have square edges Remove armrests if they contribute to awkward postures Use a foot rest or keyboard plat as long as m to help achieve neutral position if necessary Minimize Awkward Body Position Next Minimize Awkward Body Position Ideal Chair Features 5-Caster Base Height adjustability Seat depth adjustability – either seat slides, back moves as long as e/aft , or chair is available in numerous sizes Rounded edge to the front of the seat Backrest adjustability – up/down, angle, in addition to flex Armrests are padded in addition to adjustable – up/down, in/out in addition to /or removable Next

Locate monitor: Directly in front of keyboard, no twisting neck or back to view screen As far away as possible where material is still easily read. Arm’s length or more is desirable Top of screen at or slightly below eye level; lower if wearing bi/tri-focal glasses At right angle to overhead lights in addition to windows Minimize Awkward Body Postures Next Minimize Awkward H in addition to & Wrist Postures Next When Using Input Devices (Keyboard, mouse, etc.) Proximity – Items close enough to use while your elbows are aligned between shoulders in addition to hips. No reaching from the shoulder. Angle – Wrists & as long as earms parallel to the floor. No as long as earm or wrist angle. Padding – No resting on hard edges. Gel wrist rests are helpful. Minimize Awkward H in addition to & Wrist Postures Next

Repetitive Motions are those that are repeated every few seconds as long as extended periods of time. Repetitive activities are most often a concern when combined with awkward positions, high as long as ces, or significant amounts of time spent at the activity without adequate recovery time. Minimize Repetitive Motions Next Steps to reduce repetitive motion: Utilize technology – programmable “hotkeys”, autocorrect, voice recognition, in addition to other software features reduce repetitive keying/mousing. Mechanize – Use electronic staplers, collators, in addition to other tools as long as large, repetitive projects. Vary tasks – Per as long as m repetitive tasks in several small time blocks rather than all at once; per as long as m dissimilar tasks in between. Vary methods– Periodically switch process flow, switch tools, switch positions, switch h in addition to s to per as long as m the same task. Minimize Repetitive Motions Next Trackballs Vertical mouse Rollermouse, Minimize Repetitive Motions Additional steps to reduce risks from repetitive motion include alternatives to the st in addition to ard keyboard in addition to mouse, such as: Natural or Ergonomic keyboards Split keyboards Next

Other steps to reduce as long as ces: Avoid resting your wrists against a desk edge Do not over-fill file drawers On large projects, consider mechanized alternatives to manual comb-binding, stapling or manual physical tasks that are also highly repetitive. Follow safe lifting practices at all times. Minimize High Forces Next Minimizing awkward postures reduces many of the as long as ces placed on your body during computer use. Safe Lifting Practices Next Full-time users: Use separate keyboard in addition to mouse Position screen as long as optimal viewing Occasional users: Position laptop as long as neutral wrist position Angle screen to minimize bending at the back & neck Modify your position regularly, especially if feeling discom as long as t Limit time spent on a laptop computer if you can’t relieve awkward postures Laptop Computers Next Good ergonomic postures are difficult with a laptop

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Time – Frequency, Duration & Recovery Minimize key risk factors AND Balance time spent exposed to risks with adequate recovery time. Next Hints: No “One Right Way” to achieve a neutral posture – experiment with adjusting different elements of your workstation to achieve neutral postures. Adjusting one element of your workstation will affect other aspects. For example, lowering your chair height will change your elbow, wrist, hip in addition to knee angles. Healthy neutral positions can most often be achieved by adjusting existing furniture in addition to equipment. Occasionally different items are helpful or necessary. Next Early Intervention is Critical E arly R esponse G ains O pportunity Reduce/Eliminate risks Prevent Pain Avoid or minimize need as long as medical treatment Happier employees Higher productivity Financial Savings by avoiding time away from work Next

Use the ergonomic assessment as long as m provided on the webpage to guide your through a self-assessment of your work activities. http://www.montana.edu/wellness/wellAwards.html Conduct a Self-Assessment Next Consult additional resources on this website. Contact your Wellness Coordinator as long as additional assistance in addition to resources http://www.montana.edu/wellness/wellAwards.html Questions or Concerns END

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