Outfall Reconnaissance Monitoring Our common cause What is an Illicit Discharge

Outfall Reconnaissance Monitoring Our common cause What is an Illicit Discharge www.phwiki.com

Outfall Reconnaissance Monitoring Our common cause What is an Illicit Discharge

Tanner, George, News Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Outfall Reconnaissance Monitoring The why in addition to how of testing direct sources into watersheds Chris Jones, Richard Dewitt, & Leslie SchickOur common cause A Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) or Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) require an Illicit Discharge Detection Elimination (IDDE) Program. What is an Illicit DischargeA discharge to an MS4 that is not composed entirely of stormwater except permitted discharges in addition to fire fighting related discharges 40 CFR 122.26(b)(2)Unique frequency, composition & mode of entryInteraction of the sewage disposal system & the storm drain systemProduced from “generating sites”

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Dry Weather vs Wet Weather Dry Weather could potentially contribute more pollutants than wet weather as sources could be:Sewage/septage washwater (aka gray water)Paintsautomotive wasteOils (including animal)l in addition to scaping irrigation Storm drain systems empty directly into natural waterways (streams, rivers, in addition to wetl in addition to s), in addition to do not go to a water treatment plant. So, any pollution that makes its way into storm drains can damage the environment in addition to pose risks to human health. Rain water can easily carry pollution from parking lots, streets, in addition to lawns, such as litter, oil, or fertilizer into storm drains in addition to from there into waterways that we use as long as drinking water, fishing, swimming in addition to so on.

www.accesskent.com Could still have Illicit Discharges Goal 2 – eliminate /correct Goal 1 – Identify SourcesChris Jones on the “planning” stage of monitoring

The Survey Phase:Table Top ReconnaissanceField SurveyMapping Table TopBasic OrientationIndentifying Key AreasIdentifying clusters help to identify pollution potentialCommercial -IndustrialResidential – Subdivisions

Field SurveyBoots on the ground reconnoiter.Items needed, boots, water, map in addition to pencil.Walk the banks, paddle a kayak, make a note on the map as long as each outfall (pipe) sticking out of the bank or flowing into the waterway.Mapping Basic, take the in as long as mation gained from the table top, in addition to field surveys in addition to pin it on a map. Utilize Geographic In as long as mation Systems or basic Google maps in addition to pins.

The Testing Phase:Establish monitoring st in addition to ards.Monitoring potential (non-point source) pollution.Correlation to stream quality. Outfall with channel to stream. Notice of any concernOutfall ID – ST12500

Why a concern as long as monitoring Outfall Run-off from Remediation SiteIndustrial ComplexAgri-BusinessCommercial & ConstructionResidentialIndustrial Outfall

Outfall InspectionOutfall Condition – Cracks, Stains, Odors , Is it dry or flowing.Abnormal Vegetation or Poor Pool Quality. Outfall Testing – (with flow).Testing Parameters Temperature pH E. Coli Chlorine Ammonia Nitrate/Nitrite Hardness Turbidity Detergents Phosphorus Testing st in addition to ards are based upon current Indiana Water Quality St in addition to ards.Test kits are the st in addition to ard along with visual observation of color & smell. WWTP – Provides advanced E.Coli testing in their lab as long as the MS4.Outfall InspectionOutfall Condition – Cracks, Stains, Odors , Is it dry or flowing.Abnormal Vegetation or Poor Pool Quality. Outfall Testing – (with flow).Testing Parameters Temperature pH E. Coli Chlorine Ammonia Nitrate/Nitrite Hardness Turbidity Detergents PhosphorusTesting st in addition to ards are based upon current Indiana Water Quality St in addition to ards.Test kits are the st in addition to ard along with visual observation of color & smell. WWTP – Provides advanced E.Coli testing in their lab as long as the MS4.Outfall InspectionOutfall Condition – Cracks, Stains, Odors , Is it dry or flowing.Abnormal Vegetation or Poor Pool Quality. Outfall Testing – (with flow).Testing Parameters Temperature pH E. Coli Chlorine Ammonia Nitrate/Nitrite Hardness Turbidity Detergents Phosphorus Testing st in addition to ards are based upon current Indiana Water Quality St in addition to ards.Test kits are the st in addition to ard along with visual observation of color & smell. WWTP – Provides advanced E.Coli testing in their lab as long as the MS4.Indiana Water Quality St in addition to ardsTemperature Summer Maximum limit 32.2C (89.6F)pH Range of 6 – 9 pH unitsConductivity Range between 150- 500 s/cmAmmonia Range around 0.5 ppmChlorine Range around 0.4 ppmPhosphorus Range less than 0.03 ppmE. Coli Range less than 235 CFU/100mlNitrate/Nitrite Range less than 0.03 ppm (If ammonia level exceeded.)Turbidity Not to exceed 40 NTUHardness No range – regional geologyDetergents Range 0 – 1 ppm Dissolved Oxygen Less than 4.0/ml

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Investigating a Source – Investigate up the trunk of the outfall in addition to sample stream. Remediation SiteIndustrial ComplexAgri-BusinessCommercial & ConstructionResidentialIndustrial Outfall Point Sources Industrial/CommercialSewageWash WaterWaterline BreaksIDDE/DumpingConstructionPost-ConstructionInvestigating a Source – Investigate up the trunk of the outfall in addition to sample stream. Remediation SiteIndustrial ComplexAgri-BusinessCommercial & ConstructionResidentialIndustrial Outfall Point Sources Industrial/CommercialSewageWash WaterWaterline BreaksIDDE/DumpingConstructionPost-ConstructionResolution:Eliminate pollution source. Immediate Clean-up or Remediation of source.

On-going Monitoring:Annual outfall monitoring of all water body outfalls. Awareness of pollution potential hot spots – (Rule 6 Facilities).Maintain a public education Illicit Discharge Detection Elimination program. Goal – to maintain a healthy watershed.

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