Phenotypic Plasticity in addition to Maternal Effects Organismal response to rising temperatures Shifts in Distribution Ecological Response Phenology

Phenotypic Plasticity in addition to Maternal Effects Organismal response to rising temperatures Shifts in Distribution Ecological Response  Phenology www.phwiki.com

Phenotypic Plasticity in addition to Maternal Effects Organismal response to rising temperatures Shifts in Distribution Ecological Response Phenology

Blackwood, Jim, Morning Show Producer;Host has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Phenotypic Plasticity in addition to Maternal Effects Short-term responses to changing climates Current Climate Models Predict an Increasingly Warmer World Changing Thermal Environments Organismal response to rising temperatures

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Shifts in Distribution Ecological Response Phenology Evolutionary Response: Adaptation Extinction Failure to Adapt Creative Commons/Bart Heird

Another response (short term) Maternal Effects & Normal Range of Developmental Temperatures Novel High Novel Low Adaptive Plasticity in Novel Environments after Ghalambor et al. 2007. Functional Ecology 21:397 Reaction Norms – low cost to fitness persistence of plasticity “Release” of cryptic variation in novel environments. Selection on G x E Acclimitization is one as long as m of Plasticity

BAH, CIB, etc. Most tests of these hypotheses involve Developmental Plasticity i.e., irreversible phenotypic changes induced by rearing conditions

Plasticity in Reproduction How do gravid (pregnant) females respond to warming Reproductive Plasticity in Females Manipulation of thermal regime experienced by gravid females

Developmental stage is sensitive to thermal conditions experienced by gravid females Reproductive Investment Why Females Females can manipulate the phenotype of her offspring depending on intrinsic in addition to extrinsic conditions Hormones (Cort, Androgens), Tb of dam

How can females affect offspring phenotype Hormones Offspring Provisioning Incubation Temperatures during embryonic development Viviparous Lizards Maternal Tb Oviparous Lizards Nest Site Selection Repro- Success/ Offspring Traits Maternal Condition Adaptive maternal effects (mainly organizational effect of hormones in addition to immunity products) modify individual strategy in addition to survival later on. One outcome is the induction of offspring phenotypes to cope with novel environments. Extended Warm Spells Decreasing rainfall Rising Temperatures Altered Population Dynamics Altered niche attributes initiate stress response How does elevated CORT effects in addition to costs of immune response mediate offspring quality Population dynamics Consequences

Blackwood, Jim KXCI-FM Morning Show Producer;Host www.phwiki.com

Maternal Effects & Developmental Plasticity Stressor Dispersal Growth Rate Philopatry Maternal Survival Energy Stores Clutch Size/Offspring Size Trade-off CORT Offspring “Quality” Could be Ta

Body size affected by incubation temperature Speed is sensitive to incubation temperature

Conclusions Climate can induce variation in reproductive per as long as mance Variation in conditions experienced by females can affect offspring phenotype Whether female manipulation benefits offspring depends on conditions at hatching (birth)

Blackwood, Jim Morning Show Producer;Host

Blackwood, Jim is from United States and they belong to KXCI-FM and they are from  Tucson, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Blackwood, Jim deal with the subjects like Music

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