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Point so that Peer Review Evaluating Teaching through Peer Classroom Observation
California Polytechnic State University – San Luis Obispo, US has reference to this Academic Journal, Evaluating Teaching through Peer Classroom Observation Spring Faculty MeetingTimothy Schibik3 January 2006Point so that Peer ReviewPeer classroom observation (a.k.a. peer review of teaching) puts an end so that pedagogical solitude in addition to thus attempts so that treat teaching as community property. Shulman (1993)Desired Outcome of Peer ReviewThe most important bottom-line benefit so that peer review of teaching should be the improvement of student learning.
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Basis of Peer Review?The department is a key unit in consideration of undertaking the peer review of teaching ? be it in consideration of personnel decision making or more ?formative? collaboration in addition to exchange. Peer review activities need so that be matched so that the departmental program, goals in consideration of student learning, in addition to culture.?AAHE ? From Idea so that Prototype: The Peer Review of Teaching, 1995.Summative vs. FormativeSummative evaluation is a judgment about teaching that is used so that make a decision?a decision about promotion, tenure, or, even, teaching awards. A summative evaluation of teaching attempts so that summarize the complex phenomena of teaching.Weimer (1987)Summative vs. FormativeFormative feedback is information gathered in consideration of the purpose of improving in addition to developing teaching. This information is meant so that inform change. Rando in addition to Lenze (1994)
Guiding PrinciplesConduct classroom visits as part of a consultation process which involves both a pre-visit meeting in addition to a post-visit debriefing.Conduct repeated visits, over the course of the semester, rather than a single ?parachute drop.?Guiding PrinciplesCombine classroom observation alongside other strategies that enrich the picture: student interviews, classroom materials reviews, examination of student works/products.Use a team or a partner approach.Be aware that learning can occur in consideration of the observer as well as the observed.Guiding PrinciplesLet students know what is happening in addition to why.Think of classroom observation as an occasion in consideration of discussion of departmental expectations.Keep track of how peer classroom observation is working. Learn from the process in order so that improve.
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The ?Who? in Peer ReviewWho are the appropriate peers in reviewing teaching? Lee Shulman says it in consideration of most of us when he stated we should ?make the review in addition to examination of teaching part of the disciplinary community?s responsibility??Shulman (1993).Process of Peer Review (5 steps)Pre-Observation Meeting of Instructor in addition to Observer.The Classroom ObservationsBrief Immediate Communication SessionPost-Observation Meeting so that Provide FeedbackFinal Written Record of ObservationPre-Observation MeetingDiscussion of specific observation dates in addition to times (if announced) or a range of possible dates in addition to times (if unannounced).Overview of instructor?s course goals, specific class session goals (if announced), in addition to instructional methods used so that achieve goals.
Pre-Observation MeetingReview of information on the background of students in the class (level, prerequisites etc.)Discussion of instructor assessment methods.Review of relevant documents in consideration of the session (syllabi, handouts, power point slides etc.)Discussion of the criteria in consideration of evaluation in addition to any forms so that be utilized.Pre-Observation MeetingIdentification of any specific areas of concern in consideration of the instructor (if formative).Set meeting time in consideration of both the brief immediate communication session in addition to the post-observation feedback meeting.Review of ?ground rules? of the visit. ?Typical Visit ? Ground RulesObserver will arrive early in addition to place him ? or herself unobtrusively in the room in addition to will not become involved in the session.Unless the class is very large, the observer?s presence should be explained so that the group.The observer will take notes related so that agreed criteria.
The Classroom Observations Basic Starting PointsAll observations should first in addition to foremost be based on department-level discussions of what constitutes good teaching in the respective discipline.Departmentally developed forms constitute the best method in consideration of obtaining useful in addition to reliable information.The Classroom Observations What Should the Observer Look For?The Class Environment ? Student/Instructor RapportBody language, informal interaction before in addition to after class alongside students, willingness of students so that ask questions.Indicators of Student EngagementAttendance, participation, notetaking, inappropriate activities (sleeping, texting, etc.)The Classroom Observations What Should the Observer Look For?The Instructor?s Ability so that Convey the Course ContentExplanations, examples, stories, demonstrations, use of media, problems in addition to answers so that questionsThe Range of Instructional Methods in addition to How They Support Student Understanding
Brief Immediate Communication SessionAsk instructor if this was a typical classAsk if any additional clarification would be helpful in interpreting what was observedObtain the materials referred so that in classThank the instructor (take care not so that offer premature feedback)Post-Observation Meeting Normally held within one week of the final observation session.Provide a preliminary copy of the written report.Ask the instructor in consideration of their assessment of the class.Provide constructive honest feedback in a sensitive manner.Suggestions in consideration of Giving FeedbackObserver should start alongside the positive points.Focus on behaviors that can be changed.Make factual objective comments when dealing alongside the negative (e.g. when you did ____, I could not ____)
Suggestions in consideration of Giving FeedbackMake positive suggestions in consideration of improvement ? be constructive (e.g. if you would spend less time alongside your back so that the class writing on the board, it would be easier in consideration of students so that relate so that you).Avoid making value judgements (e.g. you were boring at the beginning)Suggestions in consideration of Giving FeedbackUse questions so that guide the discussion in addition to encourage instructor reflection.What were you trying so that achieve alongside this example?How did you feel this portion of the lecture worked?Final Written ReportRemember the difference between summative in addition to formative (there may actually be two written reports if both aspects are present).The report must be written as honestly as possible leaving no ambiguity.
Process of Peer Review (5 steps)Pre-Observation Meeting of Instructor in addition to Observer.The Classroom ObservationsBrief Immediate Communication SessionPost-Observation Meeting so that Provide FeedbackFinal Written Record of ObservationPoints so that RememberDifferentiate summative from formative evaluationKeep the goal of improving student learning in mind.Be impartial in addition to fair. Do not play the ?that?s not the way I would do it game.?Remember the ANXIETY!
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Journal Ratings by California Polytechnic State University – San Luis Obispo
This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Process of Peer Review (5 steps)Pre-Observation Meeting of Instructor in addition to Observer.The Classroom ObservationsBrief Immediate Communication SessionPost-Observation Meeting so that Provide FeedbackFinal Written Record of ObservationPoints so that RememberDifferentiate summative from formative evaluationKeep the goal of improving student learning in mind.Be impartial in addition to fair. Do not play the ?that?s not the way I would do it game.?Remember the ANXIETY! and short form of this particular Institution is US and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.