Pol 168: Latin@ Politics What is Latino Politics Research Central Issues in addition to Themes in Political Science Research on Latinos The “Latino Vote” Identity Politics

Pol 168: Latin@ Politics What is Latino Politics Research Central Issues in addition to Themes in Political Science Research on Latinos The “Latino Vote” Identity Politics www.phwiki.com

Pol 168: Latin@ Politics What is Latino Politics Research Central Issues in addition to Themes in Political Science Research on Latinos The “Latino Vote” Identity Politics

Stine, Mark, General Assignment Reporter and Weekend Anchor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Pol 168: Latin@ Politics Professor B. Jones Dept. of Political Science UC-Davis Fall 2009 What is Latino Politics Research Academic focus on race/ethnic politics typically on African-Americans which seems natural given historical circumstances. But as a separate field, Latino Politics has seen considerable growth But what is it Central Issues in addition to Themes in Political Science Research on Latinos Identity Politics in addition to Community “Do Latinos Exist” (Dominguez 1994) Blurred distinction between race in addition to ethnicity The concept of “Latino” is an American concept As such, it is sort of a clearinghouse term Sometimes, hard to know what it means Is there a “Latino Vote”

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The “Latino Vote” “Courting the Latino Vote” Analysis from CBS news (from 7/08 but basic points relevant) http://www.youtube.com/watchv=tKOQ96diBNQ So what is the Latino vote BTW, Cali as long as nia Field Poll August 2009: 21% of registered voters are Latino. Identity Politics A bloc implies identity A prominent research question is the extent to which Latinos have common interests Share a community Have a common identity In literature on Af.-Americans, a prominent theme is the concept of “linked fate.” Linked Fate “Linked fate represents a stage of identification that starts with a feeling of closeness to others who identify with the group label in addition to involves the acceptance of the belief that individual life chances are inextricably tied to the group as a whole” (Simien, Journal of Black Studies, 35: 529-550) Dawson, M. C. (1994). Behind the mule: Race in addition to class in African American politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Does a similar concept apply to Latinos Why Why not Does such a thing need to exist to sustain Latino identity

Shared Identity Do Guatemalans “identify” with Mexicans Or El Salvadorans, Hondurans, Cubans, Chileans, Colombians, Puerto Ricans, Venezuelans, Argentinians, And all as “Latino” Probably Not but does this preclude the possibility of Latino Identity Latino Identity Mobilization in addition to Collective Action Research important here! (Why an important question) Social Movement research important too. Can these things evoke “identity” Importance of people like César Chávez Latino Identity The role Latino politicians play is important Do they, can they serve as “bonding agents” in the Latino community We will learn about the importance of “descriptive representation” later in the quarter. But let’s take a quick sidetrip: CHC http://velazquez.house.gov/chc/ Is a Latino Identity possible

Latino Identity What factors might promote identity Language Cultural mores Shared political interests Could immigration issue serve as a “bonding agent” or is it all just a “who cares” question! Flip the question around What if non-Latinos perceived a “Latino Identity” Perceptions of Identity If viewed as a group by out-group members, what are the implications Have Latinos been tethered to the immigration issue Springfield, TN: http://www.youtube.com/watchv=Xcov24pcHgA Is there an “us” vs. “them” mentality in the U.S. If so, where do we find it Brief detour: Social Identity Theory this will help us underst in addition to how “identities” can be “activated.” Social Identity Theory Originally developed by psychologist Henri Tajfel in addition to developed further with John Turner Seeks to identify conditions under which identities emerge. Note: they need not always be present As such, group-based conflict may ebb in addition to flow.

Social Identity Theory Predictions of Discriminatory Behavior/Attitudes from Social Identity Theory “Tajfel’s Continuum”

Social Identity Theory The notion of value threat (Branscombe et al 1999) Status Hierarchy Context Important Are conditions in place or nearly in place to predict Latino collective action Are we seeing signs of backlash toward Latinos If so, will this promote some kind of Latino Identity This is an issue in Latino politics research. Let’s think about what political identity might look like Latino Identity Some Data Analysis 2006 Latino National Survey Latinos’ sense of commonality with “Latinos” Latino Commonality

Latino “Linked Fate” Why might Latinos have a sense of “linked fate” First off, what is it Does the concept apply to Latinos 2006 LNS Data How much does “doing well” depend on other Latinos also doing well Linked Fate Latino Linked Fate

Contributing Factors to Latino Linked Fate Perceived commonality1 Latino Linked Fate Nativity 67.4/62.9 Language Use 67.9/61.7 Linked fate w/ African. Amer. 74.3/58.6 Partisan Identity 74.5/61.2 Linked fate w/ Latinos 73.7/46.1 Race/ethnicity of co-workers 66.6/63.3 1 The set of percentages represents Latino respondents who indicated some or a lot of commonality as long as native/ as long as eign born, English/Spanish speakers. For the linked fate percentages, it is some/a lot vs. little/nothing. For partisan, it is partisans vs. non-partisans. And coworkers represent mixed group of coworkers vs. only Latinos. Levels of Pan Ethnicity in addition to Connectedness Of One’s Subgroup to Other Latinos One-half of LNS Latinos perceive a lot of commonalities with one’s group in addition to other Latinos Stronger pan-ethnic identifiers are more inclined to see this connection. Over three- fourths of the combined stronger pan-ethic identifiers see their own national origin group as having a similar fate with other Latinos (This slide is a part of an LNS ppt) Linked Fate Note differences by US born vs. non-US born High level Low level Implications of Pan-Ethnic Identity

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Pan-Ethnicity Attempts to foster pan-ethnicity—which presumably would foster perceptions of shared fate—have been widespread. Quick History Lesson Mobilization in addition to Organization Southwest Council of La Raza now National Council on La Raza: http://www.nclr.org/ Mexican American Legal Defense in addition to Education Fund http://www.maldef.org/ Two recent examples Historical Groups Orden de Los Hijos de Americana La Alianza HispanoAmericano 19th century groups Focus in the southwest in addition to was on Mexicanos Population in-flux in early 20c prompted emergence of other groups. 1927 League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

LULAC Website: http://lulac.org/ Promoted cultural assimilation (language acquisition) in addition to started the Little Schools of the 400 program (1950s) Nonpartisan advocacy organization Mass-based membership (Latinos generally) There are group-specific organizations Groups within Political Institutions Congressional Hispanic Caucus National Association of Latino Elected in addition to Appointed Officials (NALEO) http://www.naleo.org/ Formed in 1976 About 6000 members Goals Aims Southwest Voter Registration in addition to Education Project (SVREP) http://www.svrep.org/ More data (Pew 2004 survey) Attention: US-born more attentive than non US-born in survey (p=.00, two-tail).

Identification: South American South American Origin 17 percent REPUBLICAN 36 percent DEMOCRAT 28 percent INDEPENDENT 10 percent SOMETHING ELSE “Leaners” 47 percent DEM Implications of all of this Are Latino/as monolithic, in terms of partisanship What do these sliver of data suggest as long as the future (If anything) Why Care Consider demographics of Cali as long as nia August 2009 CA. Field Poll: http://www.scribd.com/doc/18170956/August-2009-Field-Poll Republican: 79% WNH Democrat: 55% WNH Can we detect a political identity It seems clear, however, why Latinos matter! We need to look at population statistics.

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