Prof. John Barry 4th December 2015 Evolution of power-sharing under 3 Assembly m

Prof. John Barry 4th December 2015 Evolution of power-sharing under 3 Assembly m www.phwiki.com

Prof. John Barry 4th December 2015 Evolution of power-sharing under 3 Assembly m

Michaels, Rosemary, News Director has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Prof. John Barry 4th December 2015 Evolution of power-sharing under 3 Assembly m in addition to ates 1998-2002 2007 – 2011 2011-2016 Overview of institutional in addition to political dynamics From power-sharing to power being shared out From involuntary coalition to government – opposition Political development via crisis The legacy of the past/paramilitarism Equally balanced: 6 Unionists/6 Nationalists Executive as long as mation protracted in addition to disorderly Executive Dynamics dysfunctional in addition to ‘chopped-up’, no Executive/Cabinet system DUP boycott Programme as long as Government = collation of departmental wish-lists – not joined up/integrated Outcomes limited in addition to disrupted by suspensions

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Instability the norm/sour inter-party relations including between jointly elected First Minister in addition to Deputy First Minister (UUP/SDLP) Assembly suspended in October 2002 due to lack of progress on IRA decommissioning This suspension lasted until May 2007. It was restored following the St Andrews Agreement, which was the result of negotiations held at St Andrews, Scotl in addition to in October 2006. Remember them A ‘factory of grievances’ – echo chamber not sounding board Lack of trust in addition to confidence amongst the parties Shredding unionist vote: UUP reliant on PUP in addition to Alliance on key votes Unstable/disruptive/disrupted Assembly However evolution of a committee system/joined-up scrutiny of departments No joint election of First Minister/Deputy First Minister Two largest parties nominate No legitimation of Executive by Assembly – political parties not Assembly appoints Provision as long as cross-community vote/mutual veto at the Executive table Nomination of First Minister by single largest party Effect Assembly elections a referendum on who becomes First Minister Undermining of the ‘peoples’ Agreement’ of 1998 Departure from d’Hondt re sensitive policing in addition to justice Minister – Alliance not Sinn Fein minister (2010)

St Andrews Act 2006 – deal between Sinn Fein in addition to DUP (the two largest parties) Dynamics, broadly functional Outcomes, limited in 2007-08, improved post-Paisley – notably re the devolution of policing in addition to criminal justice in 2010 Programme as long as Govt. much more focused/concise – more joined-up Executive system more apparent – infrastructure of committees Executive grown –12 Departments – party balance changed: 6 unionists, 5 nationalists, 2 Alliance (addition of Justice to devolved institutions) Inter-party relations improved: DUP/SF ‘coalition within a coalition’ – beginning of shift from power-sharing to power being shared out Full participation of all parties in the devolved institutions – no boycotts Much more coordinated preparation as long as 2007 Assembly via St Andrews The Transfer of Policing in addition to Justice Powers Significant change in party balance: DUP/SF dominance Power being ‘shared out’ between these two parties rather than power-sharing (see later) Fewer parties, especially among unionists (though recently changed, fracturing of unionist vote – TUV/UKIP/NI21/UKIP – UUP defections to DUP) Modest growth of Alliance, emergence of the Green Party

Concerted committee system A more temperate, ‘business-like’ Assembly However growing public dissatisfaction with Stormont And un as long as tunate timing that the Assembly is restored just as the global economic/financial crisis hits Number of MLAs/constituency boundaries/number of Departments/Community designation/Petitions of Concern/Opposition/Committee system/d’Hondt Broad agreement on reducing number of MLAs & Departments, very limited agreement on committee system re as long as m, no agreement on Opposition (John McCallister’s PMB), review of Petitions of Concern – have been used vexatiously to block legislation E.g. of marriage equality – use of PoC by the DUP An end to double-jobbing – primary legislation Process of re as long as m begun in 2007-08: path laid be as long as eh in addition to Capability Review: internal governance of Assembly Re as long as m-minded Speaker (Willie Hay – then Mitchell McLaughlin) Engagement in addition to outreach survey (see Parliamentary Affairs, April 2012) absence of the civic as long as um Legislative achievements of this Assembly Term 38 bills (9 related to budgets)

Since 2007 – DUP- Sinn Fein as the two main Assembly/Executive Parties Multi-party executive but two party dominance May 2013 strategy, Together: Building a United Community called as long as creation of a Panel of the Parties of NI Executive Parties invited Haass in addition to O’Sullivan to chair TOR required Panel to “Bring as long as ward a set of recommendations by the end of 2013 on [1] parades in addition to protests ; [2] flags, symbols, emblems in addition to [3] related matters stemming from the past” Seven drafts of the document were produced no final agreement amongst the parties

‘An agreement to consolidate the peace, secure stability, enable progress in addition to offer hope’ – focusing on: the legacy in addition to impact of paramilitary activity; in addition to the implementation of the Stormont House Agreement (SHA) of 23 December 2014. Key Features: A stable budget as long as the NI Executive, including additional UK Government financial support of around £500 million to assist the Executive in tackling issues unique to Northern Irel in addition to , including support as long as their programme to remove peace walls; Welfare re as long as m;

“Here’s the brutal, inescapable reality of the situation: how can power be shared between parties that don’t agree on the name of the country in addition to don’t agree on the constitutional future of the country Power can be exercised in those circumstances – in addition to it is – but it is the power of the silo, the power of the veto, the power of the petition-of-concern in addition to the bloc vote power of promoting your own side at the expense of others”. Alex Kane, ‘It’s time to face the uncom as long as table truth on power-sharing’, Newsletter, 10th Nov 2014 Devolution of corporation tax powers which is expected to lead to a reduction to 12.5 per cent by April 2018; Allow measures to address the issues of flags in addition to parades to go ahead; Institutional changes to make devolution work better including on the size of the Assembly (from 108 to 90), the number of departments (from 12 to 9), re as long as m on use of the petition of concern in addition to provision as long as an official opposition. Linked to Assembly in addition to Executive Review Committee 2012 Public sector re as long as m – savings, change at central in addition to local government (11 new councils since April 2015) Normal/ising politics Movement away from involuntary coalition UUP left the executive (1 minister) 29th August – due to the McGuigan murder in addition to issue of continued existence of the IRA Will UUP in addition to SDLP become part of the official opposition after May 2016 Continuance of ‘power being shared out’ after next year’s elections

Reduction of Northern Irel in addition to Executive numbers; Escape silo/party mentality of ‘Departmentalism’; need joined-up programmes OFMdFM should be like the UK Cabinet Office, a strategic hub; Northern Irel in addition to Assembly should be smaller; Committee Chairs should not sit on other Committees; Public Affairs Committee should be akin to that in Scotl in addition to ( in addition to especially in absence of a Civic Forum); Petitions of Concern should only be as long as communal issues, or implement a weighted majority vote without communal designations An adequately funded Official Opposition beyond an involuntary coalition government system Managing austerity – hanging together or hanging separately Flags/Parades/’the Past’ Spirit of accommodation Political constraints remain Low public engagement/declining electoral turnout New era of unionist electoral fragmentation Ongoing paramilitary threat in addition to violence NI Assembly – out workings of an ongoing peace process ‘A bad peace/power-sharing still better than a good war’

Michaels, Rosemary KLUK-FM News Director www.phwiki.com

Michaels, Rosemary News Director

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