Professor Sally HollandCardiff UniversityCASCADE Research centrePositive pa

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Professor Sally HollandCardiff UniversityCASCADE Research centrePositive pa

City University of New York, College of Staten Island, US has reference to this Academic Journal, Professor Sally HollandCardiff UniversityCASCADE Research centrePositive parenting in addition to physical punishment: the evidencePhysical punishmentIn England andÿWales, section 58 of the Children Act 2004 permits parents in addition to others who have care in addition to control of a child so that raise the defence of ?reasonable punishment? in consideration of a common assault on the child.International picture44 states have prohibited all corporal punishment in all settings, including the home including New Zealand ? a country rather like Wales

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Do parents still smack their children? What % of parents smack or physically punish their children in the UK in one year?The evidence: ?meta-analyses?Smacking does not work as well as other ways so that reduce negative behaviours in childrenSmacking is associated alongside increased aggression in childrenincreases in mental health problems in childhood in addition to adulthood, delinquent behaviour in childhood in addition to criminal behaviour in adulthood, negative parent-child relationshipsincreased risk that children will be physically abusedHow do we know this?Many studies draw on large-scale longitudinal cohort studies ? ie large numbers of children in addition to their families followed up regularly over several yearsThey can be generalised so that the whole populationThey don?t rely on memory ? usually ask about events in the last week.Nearly all studies show that smacking independently associated alongside poor behaviour ? in addition to that it is not just badly behaved children who get smacked (chicken in addition to egg)

Children?s views’it feels like someone banged you alongside a hammer’ (5 year old girl)’it’s like when you ‘re in the sky in addition to you ‘re falling so that the ground in addition to you just hurt yourself’ (7 year old boy)'[Children feel] grumpy in addition to sad in addition to also really upset inside’ (5 year old girl)'[It] hurts your feelings inside’ (7 year old girl)’You feel you don’t like your parents anymore’ (7 year old girl)’it feels, you feel sort of as though you want so that run away because they ‘re sort of like being mean so that you in addition to it hurts a lot’ (7 year old girl)’when you get smacked sometimes we get angry because sometimes when my mum smacks me you get angry’ (6 year old boy)Positive parentingAuthoritarian parentingAuthoritative parenting: high warmth, clear boundaries?laissez-faire?/ anything goes parentingEvidence-based parenting programmesE.g. Incredible Years, Triple P, Strengthening FamiliesSocial learning theory: rewarding positive behaviours (praise star charts etc), role modelling (no more ?do as I say, not as I do!?), problem-solving alongside the child, active listening, boundaries in addition to consistency.Child knows what so that expect. Trusts adults. Feels respected. Feels secure. Understands that there will be consequences.

Making peer-to-peer systems scalable What is a peer-to-peer system? Popular P2P Systems What was it missing? Goals Observation Distributed Hash Table Chord: A DHT Implementation Chord: Authors Chord: Goals Chord: Protocol Chord: Hashing Chord: Inefficient Routing Chord: Efficient Routing Chord: Routing Chord: Node joins Chord: Evaluation Chord: Discussion Other DHT Implementations Pastry Pastry: Hashing Pastry: Hashing Pastry: Routing CAN CAN: Hashing CAN: Routing Comparison of DHT Geometries Comparison of DHT Geometries Tree Hypercube Ring Hybrid Static Resilience Proximity Discussion References Thank you!

Does it work? And can it be learned?Most studies show that when parents actively use positive parenting then child behaviour improves in addition to aggression decreases.Parents report decreased stress, more confidence.Authoritative parenting is associated alongside better outcomes in education, health in addition to wellbeing.Email: CASCADE@cardiff Twitter: @CASCADEresearchGet involved alongside CASCADE

Rimm, Sylvia Manager of AM

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