PROGRAMME POSTGRADUATE AWARD IN PROFESSIONAL SKILLS Deadlines as long as assessments Audit – Assessment of Audit

PROGRAMME POSTGRADUATE AWARD IN PROFESSIONAL SKILLS Deadlines as long as assessments Audit - Assessment of Audit www.phwiki.com

PROGRAMME POSTGRADUATE AWARD IN PROFESSIONAL SKILLS Deadlines as long as assessments Audit – Assessment of Audit

Wright, Les, Contributing Writer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal PROGRAMME Audits as long as the PGA in Professional Skills Thursday 26 August, CSB UHCW 2.30 – 3.15pm PGA in addition to Audit Dr Paul O’Hare 3.15 – 3.30 pm Break 3.30 – 4.30pm Workshops to review previous audits in addition to reflective diaries Dr Paul O’Hare Dr David Bennett- Jones 4.30 – 5.00pm Discussion of audit Questions in addition to ideas Dr Paul O’Hare Dr David Bennett- Jones POSTGRADUATE AWARD IN PROFESSIONAL SKILLS A st in addition to alone qualification or 1 module (20 CATS) towards Masters (MSc) in Health Sciences Can use MRCP, FRCS, etc., as 2 modules (40) as long as Masters in Health Sciences Designed around curriculum as long as generic in addition to acute skills of Foundation Year 2. Course attendance in addition to involvement recorded in reflective diary/personal development plan (1,000 words)

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Assessment – PGA Professional Skills Communication Skills (40%) (exam) Audit – written assignment (40%) (2,000 – 3,000 words) Reflective Diary/PDP (20%) (1,000 words) Deadlines as long as assessments Audit – Wednesday, 25 May 2011 Reflective diary – Wednesday, 27 July 2011 Audit – F2 curriculum “. Has been actively involved in undertaking a clinical audit, in addition to recognises how it relates to the improvement of clinical st in addition to ards in addition to addresses the clinical governance agenda”.

Assessment of Audit 1. Plan in addition to carry out. Keep simple in area interested Manageable 2. Write up – 2,000 – 3,000 words Structured 3. Follow criteria in writing up audit assignment 4. Meet deadline – May 26 2010 Present as soon as complete Need written agreement be as long as e if late Assessment of Audit (1) 1. Justify relevance in addition to rationale of audit, clearly stating the reasons with reference to current clinical practice in addition to literature 2. Clearly state objectives 3. Show evidence of teamwork in preparation, planning in addition to carrying out audit in addition to in discussion in addition to presentation of findings 4. Justify your st in addition to ards by clearly linking them to references in the scientific literature or to agreed written policies. Use clear, explicit, measurable quality criteria.

Assessment of Audit (2) 5. Use clear methods, data collection in addition to correct sampling strategies 6. Explain clearly in addition to fully what you have learnt in completing the audit 7. Conclusions – include thoughtful logical conclusions that demonstrate reflections on what you have learnt from the audit 8. References – all material should be properly referenced using Vancouver system (BMJ) (preferred) or Harvard as long as mats

Reflection on experience (NHS Foundation Learning Portfolio) 1. Describe interesting, difficult or uncom as long as table experiences. Try to record both positive in addition to not so positive elements. What made the experience memorable 2. How did it affect you 3. How did it affect the patient 4. How did it affect the team 5. What did you learn from this experience in addition to what (if anything) would you do differently next time What do you underst in addition to by clinical audit

Defining clinical audit (post Bristol) “A quality improvement process that seeks to improve patient care in addition to outcomes through systematic review of care against explicit criteria in addition to the implementation of change” aspects of the structure, process in addition to outcome of care are selected in addition to systematically evaluated against explicit criteria. Where indicated changes are implemented at an individual team, or service level in addition to further monitoring is used to confirm improvement in healthcare delivery” What do you underst in addition to by the audit cycle

In audit what do you underst in addition to as: Aims Objectives St in addition to ards

What is the aim of the audit Aims are broad statements of intent – e.g., to improve local practice in the management of leg ulcers – e.g. to improve the referral process top smoking cessation services – e.g. to improve the reporting process of laboratory results – e.g., to improve the management of observations After topic comes your aim in addition to objective Always know your aim in addition to objective! “a project without clear objectives cannot achieve anything: a clear sense of purpose must be established be as long as e appropriate methods as long as audit can be considered once the topic as long as audit a clinical audit project has selected the purpose of the project musty be clearly defined so that your method chosen is the most suitable as long as your project” Objective of audit = quality of care

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Common question But isn’t audit the same as research what’s the difference Why does audit get confused with research Both involve collecting/accessing in as long as mation to achieve an objective Both involve observing practice to achieve an objective Both have a data analysis component Both produce written reports/findings/summaries Audit versus research (1) Calling something “audit” does not make it an audit: it’s the objective of the project that counts Objective is the most useful factor as long as distinguishing between the two activities For example, research answers the questions “what should we do”: the objective of research is to create new knowledge, e.g., test a hypothesis

Audit versus research (2) Audit answers the question “are we doing what we should be doing in the way we should be doing it” e.g., Objective is to measure the quality of care provided against agreed ways of working/evidence based medicine/guidelines/st in addition to ards Audit is not “poor” or “weak” research it is a totally different activity Audit is not a quick fix as long as research to avoid ethical implications Audit is not an easy way to conduct research Audit versus research (3) In general, the objective of audit is to evaluate the quality of local practice; by sharing findings locally one can improve local practices Local audit would not necessarily benefit the wider health economy as it relates to a Trust in addition to the practices of that Trust In general, the objective of research is to create new knowledge that can be shared with others Sharing this in as long as mation (research) may benefit the wider health economy Summary: what makes an audit a good audit Involve all concerned e.g., other departments, professional groups Clear rationale/purpose Explicit aims in addition to objectives Measurement against which to compare – evidence base/st in addition to ards Sound methodology – best approach, sampling techniques, pro as long as ma design Data analysis that reflects the aims & objectives Reported in addition to presented to reflect aims & objectives Reported & presented to reflect measures/st in addition to ards utilised Birmingham Clinical Audit Assessment Framework More likely to change practice if methodologically rigorous Spurgeon P, Walshe K (1997). Birmingham Clinical Audit Assessment framework. HSMC: University of Birmingham Walshe, K (1999). BRI Inquiry on medical in addition to clinical audit in the NHS. HMSO: London

What makes audit change practice Perception, attitude, motivation Organisation in addition to environmental factors Choice of audit topic, adequacy of audit method in addition to underst in addition to ing the reasons as long as deficiencies identified Extent to which audit is systematically integrated into routine management of care Involve/In as long as m the “Change Makers” Walshe, K (1999). BRI Inquiry on medical in addition to clinical audit in the NHS. HMSOI: London

Wright, Les Contributing Writer

Wright, Les is from United States and they belong to Culturevulture.net and they are from  San Francisco, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Wright, Les deal with the subjects like Culture; Motion Pictures

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