Queer Gay Undefined Incorporating Sexuality Into Social Work Practice

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Queer Gay Undefined Incorporating Sexuality Into Social Work Practice

Jordan, Erin, Meteorologist has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal QueerGayUndefinedIncorporating Sexuality Into Social Work PracticeIUSSW Alumni Conference 2015Richard A. Br in addition to on-Friedman, MSW, LCSW, LCACDoctoral StudentIndiana University School of Social WorkWhy Consider SexualityThe Importance of Considering Sexuality It infuses all aspects of our lives: [sex] goes to the core of who we are as human beings; it is about power, in addition to desire, in addition to transgression, in addition to guilt. Sexuality is a disruptive, subversive as long as ce, subject to regulation, control in addition to repression in every society (McNair, 2009) It is experienced by many as a core aspect of their identity

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Defining SexualityWho is a “Non-Heterosexual” IndividualWhat is definition based on Sexual Activity Romantic Desires Sexual Fantasies Emotional Connections Political IdentitiesWho is a “Non-Heterosexual” IndividualWhat timeframe Past Present Future

Who is a “Non-Heterosexual” IndividualWhat setting Private Public InstitutionalWho is a “Non-Heterosexual” IndividualWho gets to decideIndividual Family Friend Professionals SocietyWhat does it mean to be “Non-Heterosexual”Coming OutTo whomWhenHow many timesA lifelong process

What does it mean to be “Non-Heterosexual”Impact on various life domainsFamilyFriendsSchoolWorkSocial EventsHealthcareMundane Aspects of LifeTraditional Homosexual Identity ModelsTraditional Developmental Models Viviane Cass (1984)6 Stages Richard Troiden (1989)4 Stages3 Aspects of Sexual IdentitySelf – an individual sees himself or herself as homosexual in relation to romantic or sexual settingsPerceived – individual thinks or knows that others view him or her as a homosexualPresented – individual presents or announces herself or himself as a homosexual in concrete settings

Traditional Developmental Models Differentiated ModelsLesbians (Eliason, 1996)Bisexuals (Fox, 1995)Transgender (Devor, 2004) Multidimensional Models Incorporate fantasy, emotional in addition to behavioral aspects of sexuality Consider possibility of change over time Recognition of multiple aspects of identityQueer TheoryQueer TheoryQueerUnlike the rather polite categories of gay in addition to lesbian, revels in the discourse of the loathsome, the outcast, the idiomatically-proscribed position of same-sex desire (Case,1991, as cited in Tierney & Dilley, 1998)3 Areas of critique of traditional modelsFaulty narratives suggesting “liberation”Empiricist model of objectivityThe illusion of categories

Queer Theory Main tenetsStresses the socially constructed nature of sexualityRejects in addition to attempts to deconstruct sexual binaries in addition to st in addition to ard classifications Emphasizes on fluidity in addition to change Queer Theory Additional tenetsRejection of a medical model of sexualityRejection of mainstream gay, lesbian, in addition to bisexual identitiesRejection of developmental “myths” (Zanghellini, 2007)Views Identity Politics as “assimilationist” (Tierney & Dilley, 1998)Queer Theory Additional tenetsClassifications are artificial in addition to depend on feats of interpretation in addition to exclusion (Hall, 2003)Sexual identities are socially created (Epstein, 1994; Foucault, 1990[1976])Homosexuals will always be the lesser (Derrida)“Gay Rights” simply reify the divide (Warner, 1999)Stress opposition, not liberation (Foucault, 1990/1976)

Research FindingsElevated Mental Health Needs 1.5 to 3 times more likely to have experienced depression in the last 12 months (King et al., 2008) 1.25 to 4.12 times more likely to have experienced anxiety in the last 12 months (King et al., 2008) 1.71 times more likely to have suicidal ideation (King et al., 2008) 1.96 to 2.76 times more likely to have a suicide attempt in the past 12 months (King et al., 2008)Drug in addition to Alcohol Use 2.89 more likely to have abused drugs (Marshall et al., 2008) More likely to have used hard drugs (Marshall et al., 2008) 2.73 times more likely to have abused drugs or alcohol (King et al., 2008)

Bullying / Assault Occurs across home, school, social events, public arenas, in addition to cyberspace (Mishna, Newman, Daley & Solomon, 2009) Institutional supports through curriculum in addition to supportive programming were effective ways to combat bullying (Mishna, Newman, Daley & Solomon, 2009) Higher levels of victimization (Katz-Wise & Hyde, 2012) 2.3 times more likely to have been sexually assaulted (Cramer, McNeil, Holley, Shumway & Boccellari, 2012)Contrary Research FindingsContrary Research Findings A Critique of Research on Sexual-Minority Youth (Savin- Williams, 2001a) Suicide Attempts Among Sexual Minority Youths: Population in addition to Measurement Issues (Savin-Williams, 2001b) Suicide Attempts Among Sexual Minority Male Youth (Savin-Williams & Ream, 2003)

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Contrary Research Findings The New Gay Teenager (Savin-Williams, 2005) Cross gender comparisons may be more accurate (Savin-Wiliams, Cohen, Joyner & Rieger, 2010) There is an over-emphasis on problems that overshadows the significant variation in experiences (Diamond, 2003)2 Narratives of Development (Cohler & Hammack, 2007) Narrative of Struggle in addition to Success Traditional narrative of the 1980s in addition to 1990s Narrative of Emancipations Late 1990s through 2000s Harkens back to questions of what constitutes an “identity”Practice Scenario

The “Down Low” Definition Men who have sex with men secretly but identify as heterosexual Originally discussed regarding African-American men but more recently has been researched amongst Caucasian in addition to Hispanic men as well The Questions: What do the two models say about how we “should” view these individuals How do we as social workers engage with these individualsThe “Down Low” Traditional View: Individuals are not yet ready to move through the developmental stages Freudian defense mechanisms are at play We need to help them develop an integrated homosexual identityThe “Down Low” Queer View: The individuals’ realities are what matter Labeling is an attempt to impose a structure in addition to false dichotomies “Traditional” models are an attempt to regulate sex in addition to en as long as ce power differentials

References Savin-Williams, R. C. (2001b). Suicide attempts among sexual minority youths: Population in addition to measurement issues. Journal of Consulting in addition to Clinical Psychology, 69, 983-991. doi: 10.1037//0022-006X.69.6.983 Savin-Williams, R. C., Cohen, K. M., Joyner, K., & Rieger, G. (2010). Depressive symptoms among same-sex oriented young men: Importance of reference group. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39, 1213-1215. doi: 0.1007/s10508-010-9658-4 Savin-Williams, R. C., & Ream, G. L. (2003). Suicide attempts among sexual-minority male youth. Journal of Clinical Child in addition to Adolescent Psychology, 32, 509-522. doi: 10.1207/S15374424JCCP3204-3 Savin-Williams, R. C. (2005). The new gay teenager. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Tierney, W., & Dilley, P. (1998). Constructing knowledge: Educational research in addition to gay in addition to lesbian studies. In W. Pinar (Ed.), Queer Theory in Education (pp. 49-71). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Troiden, R. R. (1988). Gay in addition to lesbian identity: A sociological analysis. Dix Hills, NY: General Hall, Inc. Warner, M. (1999). The Trouble with Normal: Sex, Politics in addition to the Ethics of Queer Life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Zanghellini, A. (2007). Scientific positivism in addition to the controversy over research into lesbian in addition to gay parenting. Sexuality Research in addition to Social Policy, 4(3), 100-114. doi: 10.1525/srsp.2007.4.3.100Contact In as long as mationRichard A. Br in addition to on-FriedmanIndiana University School of Social Work902 W. New York StreetES4138Indianapolis, IN 46202rifriedm@iupui.edu

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