Rebuilding a Nation From the Death of a leader in addition to the Civil War
Goldman, Bruce, Contributor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Rebuilding a Nation From the Death of a leader in addition to the Civil WarBy: Ella de Castro, Jacob Posner, Lauryn Schweickart, in addition to Rhys Lewis Basic Timeline of Reconstruction1865-18671877-18791868-1870After Lincoln was assassinated, during the first two years of Congressional Reconstruction congress passed the 13th in addition to 14th amendments in addition to the first, second in addition to third Reconstruction acts.In these Three years The 14th Amendment is ratified, Grant is elected President in addition to The 15th amendment is Ratified1872Freedmans Bureau abolished in addition to Grant is Re-elected (Grant was inaugurated in 1873)The last federal troops leave South Carolina effectively ending the federal presence in the South1871Forty-second congress, five black members in attendance of the House of RepresentativesForty-third congress, six black members in the House.1873-1875Lincolns Assassination
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Be as long as e Ford TheaterAbraham Lincoln was going to watch Our American Cousin, a comedy on Good Friday April 14, 1865 with General Ulysses S. GrantGeneral grant decided not to go because Julia Grant hated Mary Todd LincolnGrant instead went to New Jersey see his sonInstead of Grant, Abraham Lincoln took Major Henry R. Rathbone insteadWhat Happened at The Ford TheaterA 10:15 Pm John Wilkes Booth crept his way into Abraham Lincolns Booth And fired one shot three inches behind Lincolns ear in addition to into his skullBooth jumped of the booth onto the stage in addition to yelled at the audience saying Sic Semper Tyrannis ( Thus always to Tyrants) Virginias state quote.The jump off the booth Broke Booths leg slowing him downImmediately aJohn Wilkes Booth Escaped by horse in addition to found Samuel Mudd who helped him with his leg.Lincoln Died at 7:12 AM on April 15, 1865Booths route
The Seward SituationThe same night as the shooting Secretary of State William H. Seward was stabbed Booths henchmen Lewis Powell was another blow to the republicansSeward was currently injured with a broken jaw in addition to had a metal splint in his mouthLewis Powell said he was delivering medicine as long as SewardLewis Powell made his way up to Sewards BedroomOn his way up Powell stabbed Sewards nurse in addition to SonSeward was stabbed three times in the throat in addition to twice in the faceIt is believed that he was saved by his metal splintSeward quickly returned to his post with Andrew Johnson, Sewards face permanently distortedThe Publics Reaction to Lincolns DeathWhen Abraham Lincoln died many northerners mourned his loss in addition to believed he was a martyrThe Free black men in addition to the newly freed men also mourned his loss because they believed that without him the process of reconstruction would be derailed.
QuestionsAre they any questions on:Where Lincoln was killedWho killed Lincoln in addition to who helped Booth kill himWhat the publics reaction to Lincolns death wasGetting the 13th amendment passedAfter Lincoln had been reelected the matter of abolishing slavery took a turn.Lincoln firmly believed that slavery was morally wrong in addition to that it should be abolished in America.Congress was still debating weather to pass the amendment. Once the controversy began to arise lincoln defended his ideas by arguing that the war was undermining the south’s morale in addition to once slavery is abolished the civil war will end. This changed America’s perception of the war gearing it now to a place of god vs slavery. This argument allowed the amendment to be passed by the congress in addition to easily passed by the senate but the house did not pass the act. After this lincoln took an active role in ensuring that slavery is abolished. Lincoln insisted that the matter be added to the presidential plat as long as m as long as future elections. Lincoln’s ef as long as ts were successful when he the house passed the bill just barely making the vote with 119 to 56 votes on january 31, 1865. The Thirteenth Amendment The amendment that abolished slavery No slavery or involuntary servitude shall exist accept as punishment as long as a crime.Passed on January 31, 1865Ratified on December 6, 1865 The Thirteenth amendment also leads into the 14th, because it freed blacks in addition to the 14th made them citizens.
The Civil Rights ActPassed by congress on March 13, 1866The act stated that everyone born in the United States had equal rights as a citizen, except Native Americans in addition to women.This Act was vetoed by president Andrew Johnson because he was under pressure from important individuals. Such as, Francis P. Blair Sr.Ohio Governor Jacob Cox urged Andrew Johnson to sign the bill.The Birth of The 14th AmendmentAfter the rejection of the Civil Rights act, congress could have overthrown the veto with two thirds of congress.Instead congress used that two thirds of congress to pass the 14th amendmentThe reasons as long as passing the 14th amendment was to establish ground rules as long as Reconstruction.A future congress might have overthrown the civil rights act. The 14th amendment: Section One Any person born in America besides native americans are considered citizens.All citizens will be given equal protection such as laws, property, contract rights, etc. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, in addition to subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States in addition to of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or en as long as ce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws
14th Amendment section: TwoRepresentatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election as long as the choice of electors as long as President in addition to Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive in addition to Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, in addition to citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except as long as participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. Freed slaves were now counted as a full person in addition to will be counted towards the state’s population in addition to that states number of representatives. But any male citizen over age twenty one denied the right the vote (black men) their state will have less representatives. The representatives will be proportioned based on the amount of eligible voters. 14th Amendment section: threeNo person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President in addition to Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or com as long as t to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.Any person who vowed to support the confederacy, in addition to fought against the union as long as the confederacy will not be able to be in any of the underlined government positions.This can be changed if they get a two-thirds vote from each house. 14th Amendment section: 4The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred as long as payment of pensions in addition to bounties as long as services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim as long as the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations in addition to claims shall be held illegal in addition to void.Any debt owed to the confederacy during the war will not be paid, in addition to all claims or obligations to be repaid are illegal.Debts owed to America will be acknowledged in addition to paid back
14th amendment section 5: The Congress shall have the power to en as long as ce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. The congress can directly en as long as ce these lawsThe 15th Amendment Even though blacks now had civil rights in addition to were considered citizen, the fourteenth amendment didnt include the right as long as blacks to vote.The fifteenth amendment was passed in February 26th, 1869 in addition to was ratified in 1870 The fifteenth amendment gave black men the right to vote giving them a say in the government.This amendment was still sexist in addition to did not give women of any race the same rights. QuestionsAre there any questions on:The 13th, 14th or 15th amendmentsOr the birth of the 13th,14th or 15th amendments
In Lincolns last public address he pleaded to the congressional republicans to not destroy Louisianas government in addition to leave it as it is.For the postwar era Lincoln was determined to bring both political in addition to economic advancement to the blacks.Contrary to section four of the 14th amendment Lincoln was interested in compensating the Confederate slaveholders as long as the loss of slavesLincolns dream as long as Reconstruction was prosperity as long as all, especially in the war ravaged South.Lincoln thought that the southerner whites in addition to blacks would learn to work together in addition to achieve prosperity in addition to the American dream as long as everybody in the Union.Abraham Lincolns plan as long as ReconstructionFor the first time slaves trans as long as med from being thought of as property to more being thought of as people, but they were not yet citizens.Many slaves did not have equal opportunities as long as jobs because of their lack of education.Although blacks had new found freedom Douglass quotes “slavery is not abolished until the black man has the ballot”Freed Slaves After The Thirteenth AmendmentEducation during ReconstructionAs soon as African Americans were freed from slavery many of them wanted to have an education so they could have productive lives.The Freedmans Bureau advocated as long as schools to be set up in the South.By 1869 Northern charity organizations had set up almost 3,000 schools serving about 150,000 black students. This school system was the basis as long as the modern public school system in the South today.
The First Reconstruction act, passed March 2, 1867 split the South into five military districts that were controlled by military governors, comm in addition to ers who could deploy the Union army to protect black citizens in addition to their property.The second Reconstruction act, passed March 23, 1867 supplemented the first Reconstruction act by saying that the military governor of each territory regulated the elections held in their territories in addition to the voters. The third Reconstruction act, passed July 19, 1867 gave the comm in addition to ers of the military controlled territories in the South supreme power to remove any elected official from office if they felt that the official were impeding the progress of reconstruction.The fourth Reconstruction act, passed February 27, 1868 as long as ced seven as long as mer Confederate States to finally create new governments, write new constitutions in addition to ratify the 14th amendment.These acts being passed prompted Southern outrage in the as long as m of the Ku Klux Klan, black codes, in addition to later on the Ku Klux KlanThe Reconstruction ActsMemphis race riotOn May 1-2, 1866 rioting broke out on the streets of Memphis as long as ty-six blacks in addition to two whites were found dead with thous in addition to s of African American churches in addition to homes burned to the groundThis all started when a regiment of black Union soldiers were stationed outside the city in addition to were competing as long as jobs with the Irish populationa fight broke out in addition to eventually evolved into a giant riot all over the city with African Americans being beaten up in addition to shot in cold blood.New Orleans Race RiotThe riot happened on July 30, 1866 The riot happened because the radical republicans of Louisiana reconvened the constitutional convention of 1864 (which abolished slavery in Louisiana) in New OrleansThe 25 white delegates were angry that blacks had not yet been given the right to vote in addition to that black codes were being enacted in MississippiMore than 200 black supporters showed up to support the white delegatesEx-confederate soldiers in addition to New Orleans police fearful that Louisiana would fall out of white control attacked the gathering100 people were injured, 34 blacks in addition to three white radicals were killed
The En as long as cement actsA main part of Reconstruction were the En as long as cement acts.There were three En as long as cement actsThese en as long as cement acts were used to give make it easier as long as blacks to vote in addition to give the federal government more power to help blacks voteFirst En as long as cement ActThis act was passed on May 31, 1870This act was put into place to protect the rights of black votersAlthough most people who saw a violation of this act were unwilling to testifyBecause of this further legislation was soon necessary Second En as long as cement ActThis act was passed on April 20, 1871This act was known as the Ku Klux Klan actThis act was put into effect to help combat against the Ku Klux Klans attempts to disrupt black voting
QuestionsAre there any questions on:The presidents during ReconstructionThe Freedmans BureauThe en as long as cement actsThe Reconstruction actsBlack codesOr the race riotsRadical RepublicanismRadical republicanism was a sect of the republican party that wanted to abolish slavery in addition to establish equality with both races through radical measures.During Reconstruction the radical republicans wanted to use repressive measures against the South.Main supporters of Reconstruction They believed the right to vote should be extended to all men regardless of race or previous servitude. in 1868-1869 the Republicans split into two groups, the radicals in addition to the conservatives.The conservatives believed in recognizing local in addition to state laws, or all non-civil war laws. The radicals believed that those laws were unimportant in addition to wrong. The radicals wanted to give blacks the right to vote in addition to more education possibilities. The radicals had an abstract idea of equality but had never actually seen equality in action.
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