References THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE

References THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE www.phwiki.com

References THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE THE HISTORY OF LIFE

McMahon, Pat, Host; Director of Public Affairs has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Summer 2006 Workshop in Biology in addition to Multimedia as long as High School Teachers HISTORY OF LIFE Beth Mick – Lesson Plan How Much Is a Billion Author: Anne Monk http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evosite/search/search-lessons.phpsort-by=audi LECTURE – PPT SLIDE EARLY EARTH ANIMATION – 2006-LS-HHMI Time line Activity modifed from Glencoe Access Excellence Evolution: Teaching Radioactive Decay: Radioactive Half-Life in addition to Dating Techniques Daniel Gray www.accessexcellence.org/AE/AEPC/WWC/1995/teach-rad.html Determining age of rocks in addition to fossils http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fosrec/McKinney.html References Biology: The Dynamics of Life; Glencoe 2004 http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/home.php http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/evolution/index.html http://www.accessexcellence.org/AE/AEPC/WWC/1995/

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THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html WHAT DO YOU THINK EARLY EARTH WAS LIKE HOW OLD 4.5 BILLION YEARS BIG BANG – GRAVITY CAUSES DUST PARTICLES TO CONDENSE METEORS FOR MILLIONS OF YEARS – HOW HOT WOULD THE EARTH BE EARTH HAS TO COOL DOWN – STEAM ESCAPES AND RAIN ALLOWS COLLECTION OF WATER – EARTH NOW HAS ATMOSPHERE OF AMMONIA, METHANE, WATER VAPOR, CO2, AND NITROGEN WHAT IS MISSING

THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html WHAT EVIDENCE DO SCIENTISTS USE FOSSILS! TRACE MOLD CAST AMBER IMPRINT PETRIFIED Images courtesy of the UC Museum of Paleontology Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.” WHERE ARE FOSSILS USUALLY FOUND WHO STUDIES THESE HOW DO SCIENTISTS DETERMINE THE AGE OF SOMETHING BILLIONS OF YEARS OLD RELATIVE DATING RADIOMETRIC DATING Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.”

THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html GEOLOGICAL TIME TOO OLD FOR YEARS OR MONTHS FOUR ERAS DEPENDING ON WHICH ORGANISMS LIVED PRECAMBRIAN PALEOZOIC MESOZOIC CENOZOIC WHY DO WE HAVE DIFFERENT ERA’S Image courtesy of the UC Museum of Paleontology Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.”

PRECAMBRIAN WHAT DO SCIENTISTS THINK WAS ALIVE WAY BACK THEN BACTERIA THIS ERA LASTED FOR BILLIONS OF YEARS UNTIL MORE LIVING ORGANISMS EVOLVED Dr Gordon Beakes © University of Newcastle upon Tynelicensed Dr Tom Tregenza © Tom Tregenza IMAGES as long as use through the Centre as long as Bioscience ImageBank,http://www.bioscience.heacademy.ac.uk/imagebank/” PALEOZOIC ERA 540 MILLION YEARS AGO!! NOW THE EARTH IS GETTING LARGER LIFE! FIRST PART OF PALEOZOIC IS CALLED CAMBRIAN PROTISTS! SEA PLANTS! SEA ANIMALS! LAND PLANTS! LAND ANIMALS! WHAT ENDED THE PALEOZOIC ERA MASS EXTINCTION! Dr. Thomas W. Kammer IMAGES as long as use through the Centre as long as Bioscience ImageBank,http://www.bioscience.heacademy.ac.uk/imagebank/” www.carnegiemnh.org/ip/tours/virtual/hall.htm Image courtesy of the UC Museum of Paleontology Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.” Image courtesy of the UC Museum of Paleontology Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.”

MESOZOIC ERA 245 MILLION YEARS AGO!! DINOSAURS REPTILES SMALL MAMMALS APPEAR BIRDS EVOLVE PLATE TECTONICS WHAT ENDED THE MESOZOIC ERA MASS EXTINCTION! METERORITE http://geology.utah.gov/utahgeo/dinofossil/dinoage.htm Image courtesy of the UC Museum of Paleontology Underst in addition to ing Evolution: http://evolution.berkeley.edu.” CENOZOIC ERA 66 MILLION YEARS AGO! MAMMALS FLOURISH PRIMATES ABOUT 30 MILLION YEARS AGO MODERN HUMAN SPECIES – ABOUT 200,000 YEARS AGO

Tom Tregenza © Tom Tregenza Tom Tregenza © Tom Tregenza Tom Tregenza © Tom Tregenza Dr Gordon Beakes © University of Newcastle upon Tyne Prof Paul F. Brain © University of Wales, Swansea licensed as long as use through the Centre as long as Bioscience ImageBank,http://www.bioscience.heacademy.ac.uk/imagebank/” THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html HOW WERE THE FIRST CELLS MADE DOES ANYONE KNOW FOR SURE SPONATEOUS GENERATION VS BIOGENESIS FRANCESCO REDI LOUIS PASTEUR’S EXPERIMENT

LOUIS PASTEUR Pasteur filled a flask with medium, heated it to kill all life, in addition to then drew out the neck of the flask into a long S. This prevented microorganisms in the air from entering the flask, yet allowed air to flow freely. If the swan neck was broken, microbes could enter the flask in addition to grow. http://www.bact.wisc.edu/Microtextbook/index.phpmodule=Book&func=displayarticle&art-id=27 ALEXANDER OPARIN – CREATION OF MACROMOLECULES WITHOUT OXYGEN STANLEY MILLER AND HAROLD UREY EXPERIMENT http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Miller-Urey-experiment-en.png creative commons copyright FIRST BACTERIA AROUND 3.5 BILLION YEARS AGO SOME ARE CYANOBACTERIA – THESE ARE PHOTOSYNTHETIC BACTERIA – HMMMMMMM WHAT ARE THESE BACTERIA GOING TO PRODUCE ALMOST 10% ABOUT 2.5 BILLION YEARS AGO WHAT TYPE OF CELLS ARE BACTERIA WHAT TYPE OF CELLS ARE ALL OTHER ORGANISMS WHERE DID EUKARYOTIC CELLS COME FROM ENDOSYMBIOSIS ONE CELL ORGANISMS NOW! Dr Gordon Beakes © University of Newcastle upon Tynelicensed as long as use through the Centre as long as Bioscience ImageBank,http://www.bioscience.heacademy.ac.uk/imagebank/”

McMahon, Pat McMahon Group - KTAR-AM, The Host; Director of Public Affairs www.phwiki.com

THE HISTORY OF LIFE EARLY HISTORY OF EARTH EVIDENCE HOW OLD IS SOMETHING WHAT IS GEOLOGIC TIME FIRST CELLS ENDOSYMBIONT THEORY Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech http://origins.jpl.nasa.gov/habitable-planets/invest16.html ENDOSYMBIOSIS BEGINNING OF THE EUKARYOTIC CELLS EVIDENCE FOR ENDOSYMBIOSIS DNA evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/0-0-0/endosymbiosis-03

McMahon, Pat Host; Director of Public Affairs

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