Responses to European ImperialismUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integratio

Responses to European ImperialismUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integratio www.phwiki.com

Responses to European ImperialismUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integratio

Battaglie, Joe, Executive Vice President has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Responses to European ImperialismUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integration, c. 1750 to c. 1900Review – European Motives of ImperialismUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integration, c. 1750 to c. 1900What is ImperialismDomination of as long as eign l in addition to s in addition to people in order to gain raw materials in addition to marketsAttempts to spread economic in addition to political influence around the world

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Types of ImperialismColony Territory completely dominated by the parent country, direct ruleProtectorate Territory whose policies in addition to government are guided by another countrySphere of Influence Area in a country where a as long as eign power had exclusive rights in trade or investmentEuropean Motives as long as ImperialismGain Raw Materials in addition to New MarketsIndustrial RevolutionCapitalismNationalism in addition to RivalriesColonies seen as evidence of political powerNational competition (ex: “Scramble as long as Africa”)Ideological Spread ChristianitySpread Western CivilizationSocial Darwinism (Ex: Kipling’s“ The White Man’s Burden”)Need as long as Raw MaterialsEurope needed to feed its industrialized economies with raw materials to make manufactured goodsAfrica – tin, copper, gold, bauxiteAsia – rubber, lumber, tinTropical fruits, spices, coffee, in addition to tea

Raw Materials/New MarketsRaw Materials/New MarketsNationalism/RivalriesCompetition among Western European countriesColonies are evidence of a country’s power in addition to status

Example: Imperialism in AfricaEurope carves up the “magnificent African cake” in the Scramble as long as AfricaCongress of Berlin (1884) – to avoid war among European nations. Divides Africa without regard to wishes of African people.Nationalism/Rivalries – The “Scramble as long as Africa”Imperialism in Africa

Ideological: Spread ChristianityMissionaries sent to educate indigenous people in addition to convert them to ChristianityCompetition with Islam in Africa as long as converts “Civilizing” mission – help the less as long as tunate people of the worldExample – David Livingston (doctor in addition to missionary)Ideological

Social DarwinismBelieved European culture was “better”Incorrectly used Darwin’s theories on evolution to explain differences in human beingsSocial Darwinism: white Europeans = “fittest” people in the worldEX: Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden”Ideological: Social Darwinism“The White Man’s Burden”By Rudyard Kipling (1899)Take up the White Man’s burden-The savage wars of peace-Fill full the mouth of Famine,And bid the sickness cease;And when your goal is nearest(The end as long as others sought)Watch sloth in addition to heathen follyBring all your hope to nought.New OpportunitiesPeople wanted to gain fame in addition to as long as tuneExample: Cecil RhodesAdventurer in addition to soldier of as long as tuneWanted to control Africa as long as Britain “From Cape to Cairo!”

Cecil Rhodes “From the Cape to Cairo”Group Discussion QuestionWhat type of responses might other areas have to Western Imperialism (Hint: Think back to our Questions of Periodization Lecture!)Reluctant WesternizationResistance MovementsWesternization

Reluctant WesternizationUnit 5: Industrialization in addition to Global Integration, c. 1750 to c. 1900Ottoman EmpireCommercial dealings were more in addition to more dependent on EuropeansMilitary technology lagged behind that of the West’s (EX: Greek independence)Areas of the Empire became targets of Western/Russian expansionOttoman Empire gradually receded (EX: driven from the entire Balkan Peninsula by the late 1870’s)Ottoman Empire

Battaglie, Joe American Advisor, The Executive Vice President www.phwiki.com

Ottoman EmpireOttoman military became increasingly dependent on European military officers (mainly from Germany)Great Britain had to support the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War against Russia in order to prevent an Ottoman collapseThe Ottoman Empire was used by Western European countries to resist Russian expansionOttoman Empire – Crimean WarOttoman Empire: “The Sick Man” of Europe

EgyptEgypt, under Muhammed Ali, began to adopt Western military organization, technology, in addition to tacticsMost of the rest of Egyptian society in addition to economy were untouched by westernizationIndustrialization of Egypt opposed by Western powers/competitionGrowing indebtedness to European powers Building of the Suez Canal made Egypt extremely important to EuropeGroup Discussion QuestionWhy is the Suez Canal so important to Europeans What problems might this cause as long as Egypt as a newly emerging nationEgyptSuez CanalTo India >< To Europe Trans-Siberian RailroadProblems with IndustrializationRussia was a “debtor nation” to Britain, France, in addition to GermanyLarge urban working class suffered from poor wages, poor working/living conditions, in addition to sporadic food shortagesIndustrialization was still concentrated in a few industries (steel, metallurgy, mining, etc.)Innovation was largely non-existent due to reliance on traditional society in addition to culture of Russia

Battaglie, Joe Executive Vice President

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