rfield website Global Evolution Timeline Global models in addition to database The Sun in addition to

rfield website Global Evolution Timeline Global models in addition to database The Sun in addition to www.phwiki.com

rfield website Global Evolution Timeline Global models in addition to database The Sun in addition to

Dyer, Erin, Copy Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal rfield website Global Evolution Timeline Global models in addition to database The Sun in addition to Solid Earth Atmosphere in addition to Oceans Organisms in addition to Ecosystems Molecules in addition to Cells © Bob Field 2007 Develop a global evolution website that features a five billion year timeline of the natural history of planet Earth. Develop global models in addition to a database of system properties in addition to processes as long as the OASES in addition to the biosphere. Develop exhibits, indoor in addition to outdoor in as long as mal science education programs, in addition to academic courses. Organize global evolution study groups to develop the global evolution timeline, database, in addition to models. 1. Global Evolution Website: The GEEP shall develop in addition to maintain a website as long as use by middle school to graduate school students in addition to educators in addition to professionals as well as the general public. The website will highlight the nearly five billion year natural history of planet Earth timeline of globally important physical in addition to biological events. The website will apply Dr. Sam Ham’s principles of thematic interpretation to the greatest story rarely told: the remarkable four billion year sequence of events that preceded the Cambrian Explosion. The website will also include major elements of the global evolution models in addition to other educational resources described below. 2. Global Evolution Models in addition to Database: The GEEP will develop a time dependent preliminary global evolution model (PGEM) based on these events in addition to a database of system properties in addition to processes. The model will characterize the evolving structure in addition to energy flow of the oceans, atmosphere, solid Earth, Sun, molecules, cells, organisms, in addition to ecosystems in nominal 100 million year time intervals. The model will include surface processes as well as deep terrestrial in addition to non-terrestrial sources of energy in addition to materials. This ef as long as t emphasizes secondary research in addition to heuristic models that have educational value. The global evolution website shall include a user-friendly database of system properties in addition to processes that clarify the interactions of energy in addition to matter based on the PGEM. 3. Educational resources in addition to programs: The GEEP shall develop, conduct, in addition to evaluate academic courses in addition to projects in addition to in as long as mal science educational programs. The programs will be based on the natural history timeline in addition to global evolution models described above. The projects may be held in indoor in addition to /or outdoor venues in addition to may include nature walks in addition to talks as well as virtual, permanent, temporary, in addition to traveling exhibits as long as museums, nature venues, schools, in addition to libraries. The programs will also be based on the principles of thematic interpretation in addition to may emphasize the origins in addition to relationships between physical in addition to biological systems. They may examine the impact of global change on the natural history of the Cali as long as nia Coast as a lead-in to the five billion year natural history timeline. The interpretation should be geocentric not anthropocentric in addition to emphasize deep time not current human issues, although the latter may be used to generate interest in addition to improve underst in addition to ing. 4. Global Evolution Study Group: The GEEP shall organize an in as long as mal cross-disciplinary Global Evolution Study Group under the direction of the professor of global evolution studies. The group will identify in addition to sequence the major globally important physical in addition to biological events in the nearly five billion year natural history of planet Earth. The group will develop a time dependent preliminary global evolution model (PGEM) based on these events in addition to the underlying system properties in addition to processes. The group will address the st in addition to ard W5H questions (who what when where why in addition to how) in plain English.

Paul Mitchell the School-Nashville TN www.phwiki.com

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drbobfield bobfield64 The only good is knowledge in addition to the only evil is ignorance (Socrates) Return to Physics Department Home Page GLOBAL EVOLUTION STUDIES The National Academy of Science says that it is the role of science is to provide plausible natural explanations of natural phenomena. The Natural History of Planet Earth is the product of nearly five billion years of global evolutionary processes that followed the first nine billion years of cosmic evolution. Complexity grows when energy flows in natural systems because simple building blocks evolve into complex materials in addition to processes. The structure in addition to evolution of the OASES (oceans, atmosphere, solid Earth, in addition to Sun) in addition to the biosphere (molecules, cells, organisms, in addition to ecosystems) depend on interactions of energy in addition to matter. The origin, evolution, diversity, abundance, in addition to distribution of life are emergent properties of increasing environmental complexity. go to natural science projects, natural history programs, globalevolution, or rfield home page I am developing indoor in addition to outdoor science education programs as long as youth in addition to as long as the adults that influence them by applying Dr. Sam Ham’s principles of thematic interpretation to the greatest story rarely told: the remarkable four billion year sequence of globally important physical in addition to biological events in addition to processes that preceded the Cambrian Explosion. My goal is to secure an endowment as long as an organization to develop in addition to maintain a global evolution website in addition to related educational resources. Students, volunteers, educators, in addition to other professionals can help by participating in in addition to evaluating the intellectual merit in addition to potential audience impact of the following projects: Develop a global evolution website that features a five billion year timeline of the natural history of planet Earth. Develop global models in addition to a database of system properties in addition to processes as long as the OASES in addition to the biosphere. Develop exhibits, indoor in addition to outdoor in as long as mal science education programs, in addition to academic courses. Organize global evolution study groups to develop the global evolution timeline, database, in addition to models. Global Evolution Endowment NHOPE Timeline.xls PGEM Events.doc PGEM Database.ppt OASESMCOE.doc NHOPE ISE project proposal click on any figure Global Evolution © Mike Baird

How do global changes impact the Cali as long as nia coast The Natural History of the Cali as long as nia Coast poster exhibition planned as long as the summer of 2009 may be seen by 90,000 visitors to the Hearst Castle National Geographic Theater lobby. It illustrates the impact of global evolutionary processes by relating local natural history to global natural systems themes from Dr. Art Sussman’s Guide to Planet Earth using Dr. Sam Ham’s principles of thematic interpretation. Plausible Natural History publications birds, marine mammals, Monarch Butterflies, tide pools, kelp as long as ests, coral reefs, lichen, algae, fungus, trees, wildflowers, mountains, molecules, cells, Planet Earth, The Facts of Life: From the Oceans to the Stars, etc. Living Natural History programs Montana de Oro State Park, Museum of Natural History, Pismo State Beach, Elfin Forest, Morro Bay Estuary, Oso Flaco State Park, Lopez Lake, Big Sur, Point Lobos, Yosemite, Monterey Bay Aquarium, Wild Animal Park, Sea World, etc. Shared Reading Program (PREFACE) High Tide author Mark Lynas travels around the world to investigate local impacts of global warming These eight guiding questions are common to all of our in as long as mal science education programs: What do you see (observations in addition to descriptions) What are natural systems made out of (composition in addition to structure) How do natural systems work (material properties in addition to interactions with energy) How do natural systems change over time (evolutionary processes) Where do natural systems come from (origin in addition to /or as long as mation from building blocks) What are the relationships between the parts of a system (interactions in addition to /or common origins) What are the relationships between natural systems (interactions in addition to /or common origins) How do natural systems become more complex over time (entropy decreases)

I want to as long as m an in as long as mal cross-disciplinary Global Evolution Study Group to identify in addition to sequence globally important physical in addition to biological events in the nearly five billion year natural history of the planet. The group can also help develop a database of system properties in addition to processes, global evolution models, a global evolution website, natural history exhibits, academic courses, in addition to indoor in addition to outdoor in as long as mal science education projects. The Global Evolution Study Group will meet once or twice a month to define questions in addition to to share in as long as mation that we collect from books, journals, websites, in addition to experts at museums in addition to universities like UCSB, etc. Students in addition to faculty in physics, chemistry, biology, math, engineering, education, in addition to liberal arts are welcome to participate. Global evolution involves the Sun, solid Earth, oceans, atmosphere, molecules, cells, organisms, in addition to ecosystems. If you have any interest in one or more of these subjects, send an email to rfield at the email address at calpoly.edu. © Bob Field 2007 Name ten or more globally important events in any column. Think about the W5H: who what when where why how Emphasis on connections not collections What do we know about the natural history of planet Earth Our planet as long as med from dust left over when a massive cloud of cold dilute gas in addition to dust condensed to as long as m the Sun 4.6 billion years ago. The Moon as long as med from remnants of a collision between Orpheus in addition to the Earth after the Great Iron Catastrophe as long as med the Earth’s core. Our planet’s surface was initially too hot to as long as m a crust. Four billion years ago, the Earth was still heavily bombarded by a flux of extraterrestrial objects. Continents did not exist when the Earth first as long as med but grew over time. Most of the water on Earth is in liquid oceans, but much of it has at times been buried in the l in addition to , vaporized into the atmosphere, or frozen solid. Life existed be as long as e DNA, proteins, chlorophyll, in addition to rhodopsin evolved. The solar flux incident on the top of the atmosphere has increased by 40% over the history of the Earth. During the Proterozoic Era, photosynthetic bacteria helped remove most of the carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in addition to released oxygen which was toxic to most bacteria at the time. Eukaryotes evolved by serial endosymbiosis several times. Eukaryotes are masters of multicellularity whereas bacteria are masters of metabolic diversity. Plants in addition to animals are relatively recent evolutionary developments. Invertebrates ventured out of the seas be as long as e vertebrates invaded the l in addition to . Whales in addition to other marine mammals are recent additions to the oceans. © Bob Field 2007

www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo-timeline.html Geological Timeline www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo-timeline.html

www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo-timeline.html www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo-timeline.html www.talkorigins.org/origins/geo-timeline.html

Solar in addition to Global Evolution are parts of Cosmic Evolution table from Chaisson139 image from Science Yearbook when energy flows, complexity grows Interactions between Earth systems Condie33 Fig 1.33 sun Stars build big atoms from small ones Sunlight is the product of “hydrogen burning” in addition to helium is the “spent fuel” Sun creates energy as a waste product when it fuses 4 H1 He4

The Sun internal structure in addition to size of layers density, mass, gravity, pressure, volume temperature internal energy distribution energy sources: fusion energy, gravitational contraction composition – hydrogen, helium, “metals”, free electrons material properties energy transport: convection, conduction, radiation mass flow in convection evolution of the Sun – composition ,density, temperature, fusion rate, luminosity as long as mation of the Sun convective zone radiative zone fusion core Hot in addition to Heavy Sun’s structure relative values used in our LANL solar evolution cases

Dyer, Erin Juxtapoz Copy Editor www.phwiki.com

Guzik – LANL solar evolution code

g(R) = GM(R)/R2 Guzik + Field Guzik + Field Ostlie & Carroll 275

Last common ancestor appears LCA branches into archaebacteria, eubacteria, in addition to eukaryote predecessors metabolic processes diversify autotrophs evolve hot The first eukaryote grew 10,000 times larger than other bacteria because its membrane lost its cell wall. methane hotter salt sun sulfur bacteria archaea eucarya LCA lateral in addition to vertical gene transfer proto cell protocells feed on molecules replication processes evolve metabolic processes evolve Eukarya Archaea Bacteria Eukarya Multicellularity (the labeled branches) evolved independently a number of times A molecular phylogeny of the major groups of organisms, showing that multicellularity (the labeled branches) evolved independently a number of times. The tree is based on a small subunit of the ribosomal RNA. The rectangles indicate terrestrial groups. Archaea Bacteria Animals Fungi Red algae Green algae Plants Brown algae Diatoms Ciliates Sorogena Myxomycetes Cellular slime molds Foraminifera Methanosarcina Myxobacteria Cyanobacteria Actinomycetes last common ancestor 2 8 32 128 2 4 8 16

Dyer, Erin Copy Editor

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