Robert Huggins in addition to Daniel Prokop Centre as long as International Competitiveness, Cardi

Robert Huggins in addition to Daniel Prokop Centre as long as International Competitiveness, Cardi www.phwiki.com

Robert Huggins in addition to Daniel Prokop Centre as long as International Competitiveness, Cardi

Richardson, Bill, Executive Producer has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Robert Huggins in addition to Daniel Prokop Centre as long as International Competitiveness, Cardiff School of Management, University of Wales Institute, Cardiff Presentation at the ‘Making An Impact – Universities in addition to the Regional Economy’ Conference London, 4th November, 2009 Universities as Knowledge Network Nodes: Key Institutional in addition to Industrial Players Objective The aim of the presentation is to analyse the knowledge in addition to innovation links between UK universities in addition to large industrial R&D per as long as mers located in the UK. We seek to address the following questions: Which universities possess the most developed knowledge networks with large industrial R&D players Which industrial players possess the most developed knowledge networks with the UK higher education sector Do these links impact on the per as long as mance of universities as research in addition to knowledge commercialisation institutions What are the spatial patterns in terms of the regional dimensions of university links with large R&D per as long as mers Context Universities are increasingly viewed as key institutions in the regional economic development process in addition to are often described as central nodes of the knowledge-driven economy. University knowledge is increasingly viewed as almost a panacea as long as promoting knowledge-based economic development. In general, universities are portrayed as as long as ming important actors within networks of regional clusters of knowledge-based activities or systems of regional innovation. Within the systemic view of innovation, regions are considered as ‘laboratories’ providing the crucial knowledge infrastructure as long as innovation. However, although local knowledge sources are utilised in the innovation process, global (or at least ‘non-local’) knowledge pipelines are also considered to be of growing importance to innovation.

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Research Method Preparation of a database of organisations – in addition to their location – (public in addition to private sector) that had ‘knowledge links’ with UK universities between 2005-2008. Knowledge links defined as activities relating to: collaborative research; contract in addition to consultancy research; patenting, licensing, in addition to spin-outs. Data principally collected from university documentation: annual reports; research reviews’ technology transfer reports; research in addition to enterprise web pages. Database of c. 10,000 organisations in addition to their location prepared. Analysis of database to identify those organisations listed on the UK government’s “The 2008 R&D Scoreboard: The Top 850 UK in addition to 1400 Global Companies by R&D Investment”. Approximately 450 companies in our database were listed on either the UK or Global R&D investment list. UK University Links with Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms (Top 20) Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms Links with UK Universities (Top 20)

UK University Links with Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms by Region (University Location) Regional Location of R&D Per as long as ming Sites of Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms with Links to UK Universities

% of Links With Large R&D Per as long as mers Based Outside the Region of Location (Top 20 Universities) UK University Links with Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms Within in addition to Outside Region of Location

Sector Breakdown of Large R&D Per as long as ming Firms with Links to UK Universities (R&D Investment) Total R&D Investment of Partners Linked with UK Universities (Top 20 Universities)

Factors Associated with University Research in addition to Knowledge Transfer Income ( Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed)) Conclusions There are strong knowledge links between leading research-intensive universities in addition to leading industrial R&D per as long as mers in the UK. These links benefit both players through a greater capacity to innovate in addition to commercialise knowledge: Those universities with a greater number of links to large R&D per as long as mers have significantly higher levels of research in addition to knowledge transfer income compared to those with less links. Those firms with the greater number of links to high research income universities invest more in R&D. There is a strong regional pattern to these knowledge links: Leading research universities in the Greater South East are better ‘placed’ to establish links with the relatively high number of industrial R&D per as long as mers located in close proximity, i.e. within the same region. Universities in less competitive regions do not have the same density of R&D per as long as mers in close proximity, with which they can potentially as long as ge links. Universities in less competitive regions are ‘ as long as ced’ to cultivate links with R&D per as long as mers based at a relative distance to their own location. Conclusions (2) Less competitive regions are generally compromised by universities that are less research intensive (on the whole) in addition to less linked to industrial knowledge bases than their counterparts in the GSE. Although much university knowledge transfer policy is based on establishing links with SMEs, it is clear that links with the ‘big ticket’ large R&D per as long as mers are closely connected with university per as long as mance. There is a clear need to better articulate policies aimed at improving the knowledge bases of relatively lagging regions. Clearly, the movement of knowledge infrastructure across regions is not a feasible option. This suggests that better connecting knowledge bases across regions – both in the UK in addition to globally – provides a more realistic option.

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Richardson, Bill Metro Networks/Shadow Broadcast Services - Scottsdale Bureau Executive Producer www.phwiki.com

Richardson, Bill Executive Producer

Richardson, Bill is from United States and they belong to Metro Networks/Shadow Broadcast Services – Scottsdale Bureau and they are from  Scottsdale, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Richardson, Bill deal with the subjects like International News; Local News; National News; Regional News

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