Scaffolding the Writing of Synthesis through Students’ Home Literacies Context The assignment My Question Synthesis: The Literature Review

Scaffolding the Writing of Synthesis through Students’ Home Literacies Context The assignment My Question Synthesis: The Literature Review www.phwiki.com

Scaffolding the Writing of Synthesis through Students’ Home Literacies Context The assignment My Question Synthesis: The Literature Review

Jerome,, On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Scaffolding the Writing of Synthesis through Students’ Home Literacies Betsy Gillil in addition to School of Education UC Davis Brooke Nicolls Grant High School Sacramento Area 3 Writing Project Context The course: pre-freshman composition at San José State University The students: Recent immigrants in addition to international students Generation 1.5 (all education in CA schools) Monolingual English speakers The challenges: Academic reading in addition to writing Summaries in addition to argumentation The assignment Service Learning Project Introduction to the problem Professional views: synthesis Response to the literature: analysis Personal reflections: experience Solution to the problem: argumentation

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My Question How can I scaffold students’ writing process so they are able to synthesize readings from multiple sources in support of a thesis question Synthesis: The Literature Review Essential skill as long as college writing Rarely taught, but always expected Represents higher level critical thinking Advanced feature of language Needs to be broken down as long as students Teacher modeling of process essential Reading to Write Start with a Thesis Question Read as long as answers to the question(s), highlighting key in as long as mation in addition to making notes of relevant details Fill in the graphic organizer (h in addition to out p. 4) as long as each article

Synthesis Reading Organizer From Notes to Paragraphs Each line (or group of lines) of the organizer becomes a paragraph Begin with a topic sentence stating the main idea of that paragraph Use reporting verbs to show which author(s) wrote which statements Compare in addition to contrast different ideas Use a variety of sentences to convey in as long as mation Cite your sources! Useful reporting verbs: Agree (disagree) Argue Believe Claim Describe Explain Feel Imply Propose Question Recommend Warn Introducing Synthesis to Students Use well-constructed organizers Select appropriate organizer as long as texts to be read in addition to written Provide models of organizers used in context Talk students through creation in addition to use Allow collaborative practice “ the value is not in showing my students the Grecian urn [a final polished model]; the value is in showing them the process, step-by-step, that is used to construct the urn.” -Kelly Gallagher, Teaching Adolescent Writers (p. 52)

Classroom Modifications: Fathers Song synthesis: “Father of Mine” in addition to “Dance with my Father” Categories to listen as long as Highlight key evidence in lyrics Pair share: fill in grid as you talk Share with group Fathers: Student Work 1 Fathers: Student Paragraph 1 In both songs the artists have lost their fathers in different ways. According to the song “Dance with my Father” his dad passed away in addition to is showing grief. As he says in the song, he wishes to get one more chance of being with his father. Unlike “Father of Mine” the artists believes his father just left without any closure. Similar to the previous song, he wishes to see his father again, but only to ask the questions left unanswered. Even though both artists miss their fathers in different ways, they felt secure when they were with them.

Fathers: Student Work 2 Fathers: Student paragraph 2 Emotions can affect many people, some ways good in addition to in some ways bad. Similar to the song “Dance with my Father,” “Father of Mine” misses their father deeply. On the contrary in “Father of Mine” the writer sounds as if he is mad at his father as long as leaving him, where as in “Dance with my Father” the writer sounds sad in addition to pray’s as long as his father to come back. According to “Father of Mine” the Father use to beat up his wife, but in “Dance with my Father” the father loved his wife in addition to she loved him. Success: Survey in addition to Synthesis Gets kids out on campus, talking with adults Doesn’t require much reading of complex text

Success Model: Transitions A)There are many different definitions of what it means to be successful. Sean says that it is being able to be an example or role model. Similar to Ms. Nicolls, Sean also believes that it’s important to be responsible in addition to work hard. On the other h in addition to , Ms. Providence in addition to Michael state that to be successful is to live a happy life in addition to to be content. Success Model: Attribution B) There are many different opinions of what it takes to be successful in today’s world. Sean, a Grant High custodian, says that to be successful it is important to be an example or role model. Similar to Ms. Nicolls, a teacher at Grant High, Sean also believes that it’s important to be responsible in addition to to work hard. On the other h in addition to , Ms. Providence, another Grant High teacher, in addition to Michael, a student at Grant High, state that to be successful is to live a happy life in addition to to be content. Problem-Solution Synthesis Students talk with adults, other people on campus to get answers to questions Groups compare answers, write up paragraphs showing results

Problem on Campus: SW 1 Problem on Campus: SW 1 Problem on Campus: SW 1 There are a lot of problems on the campus of Grant High. According to Andre, a campus monitor, he says that one of the problems is cutting class, disobeying rules, in addition to trash. The cause of that is that some students are badly influenced in addition to there’s a lack to campus security. Similar to that, Mr. Jones, an Administrator, says the students not on task in addition to skipping class due to lack of studies in addition to the integrety towards education. Ms Martin, teacher, also states that the problem is cutting class.

Problem on Campus: SW 1 Unlike the campus monitor, administrator, in addition to the teacher. Mr. Shepard believes that it’s the tarties that’s the problem. On the other h in addition to , Mark, Kaysy, in addition to Xue say that it’s drop-outs, fights in addition to the lunchline. The probability cause is are: exit exam, gang affairs, in addition to the entering ID number while lunch is h in addition to ed out. Problem on campus: SW 2 Problem on campus: SW 2

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Problem on campus: SW 2 A variety of problems come to mind to many different people on school grounds. Whether its students, teachers, campus monitors in addition to even Administrators. Andre agrees with Mr Sanchez that one of the biggest problems on campus is students being late to class. As as long as Mr. Purcell in addition to Mrs. Huynh they both agree that lack of organization is a big problem as long as students on Campus. One of the students that attend grant say’s that drugs in addition to Gang’s are the problem, but as as long as Geraldo in addition to Anthony, two other students that attend grant, they state that students are bad in addition to teachers don’t know how to teach. Evaluation Students can help evaluate each other’s work Groups pass writing to other groups as long as evaluation Teacher types up paragraphs as long as whole-class evaluation in addition to discussion Extensions in addition to Adaptations Compare-contrast essays: graphic organizer with just two articles/ideas Organizing results of surveys Keeping track of in as long as mational research Reading notes from textbook

Your feedback, please! What is something new you learned in this session What will you commit to trying What questions do you still have When you are finished, please stick your post-its to the chart paper in the back of the room.

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