Sign Language Legislation at European Level by dr. Ádám Kósa Member of the Europ

Sign Language Legislation at European Level by dr. Ádám Kósa Member of the Europ www.phwiki.com

Sign Language Legislation at European Level by dr. Ádám Kósa Member of the Europ

O’Brien, Tom, On-Air Personality has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Sign Language Legislation at European Level by dr. Ádám Kósa Member of the European Parliament Chair of the Disability Intergroup DCAL, University College London, 08.03.2012. On the topic Sign languages in the EU MSs Structure of the EU (short overview) About the European Parliament European Disability Strategy Sign language act in Hungary INI report on mobility in addition to inclusion of PwD On the European Union Since 1952 many treaties have been shaping the European-wide cooperation in economic, social as well political issues Since 1992 (Treaty of Maastrich) we call this cooperation European Union Today: the EU is partly an intergovernmental cooperation, partly binding integration among the European nations There are 27 members of the EU, Icel in addition to in addition to Croatia are about join

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EU institutions (diagram) On the institutions of the EU European Commission European Council (NOT: Council of Europe!) European Parliament European Court of Justice European Court of Auditors Status of Sign Languages in EU Sign Language mentioned in the constitution Austria, Finl in addition to , Hungary, Portugal Sign Language mentioned in a language act or similar Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finl in addition to , Hungary, Latvia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden Sign Language mentioned in other acts or legal documents Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finl in addition to , France, Germany, Greece, Irel in addition to , Lithuania, Netherl in addition to s, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, UK Sign Language as long as mally recognized by the government or parliament Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finl in addition to , Germany, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK

European Union in addition to sign language Resolution of the European Parliament on sign languages as long as deaf people (1988) 6. Calls upon Community institutions to set an example by making provision, as a matter of principle as long as sign language interpretation at meetings organised under their auspices in addition to attended by deaf people;’ Resolution of the European Parliament on sign languages (1998) ‘8. Calls on the Commission in addition to the Member States to ensure that public meetings organised by EU institutions are accessible to deaf people by providing a sign language interpretation service on request;’ ‘11. Calls on the Commission to introduce measures to ensure universal design in multimedia applications so that deaf people are not excluded from new applications;’ Why is the EP important to us We can be at the legislation of the EU Big public attention in addition to new contacts Increasing the activity of the European Commission Gearing up the adoption of the UN Convention on rights of people with disabilities as well as sign languages Political message: „Nothing about us, without us” What has the EP already practically done To me as the first deaf MEP the EP ensured financially the sign language interpreters Provided me with lighting indicator (lamp) in my office in Strasbourg I can bring free of charge my interpreters I received the largest MEP office as long as having the interpreters to be at my disposal

What has the EP already legally done two res on sign language in 1988 in addition to 1998 (mentioned earlier) res. in 1995 on the human rights of disabled people, res. in 1996 on the Rights of Disabled People, res. In 1997 on equality of opportunity as long as people with disabilities, resolution of 23 June 2003 on Towards a United Nations legally binding instrument to promote in addition to protect the rights in addition to dignity of persons with disabilities Resolution on EU2020 with expressed reference to disabled workers Oral question to the EU Commissioner in December 2009 The aim: the EU should have a common st in addition to ard as long as professional cooperation in addition to services based on the fundamental policies of the EU on anti-discrimination in addition to free movement. (question in addition to answer by the EU Commissioner on language diversity: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.dopubRef=-//EP//TEXT+QT+H-2009-0460+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN Background of the oral question the High Level Group on Multilingualism made numerous recommendations on multilingualism. It stressed that multilingualism also extended to sign languages. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Article 30 of which includes the following provision: ‘Persons with disabilities shall be entitled, on an equal basis with others, to recognition in addition to support of their specific cultural in addition to linguistic identity, including sign languages in addition to deaf culture.’

Question „Bearing in mind the Flensburg Recommendations of 2000, which refer inter alia to sign languages, what will the Commission do to promote the recognition of sign languages in addition to their appropriate use in the European Institutions” Answer by the Commission to oral question „According to Article 165 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union it is the responsibility of the Member States to put into practice at national in addition to regional level concrete measures to promote language policy, in addition to this applies likewise to the recognition of sign languages.” „However, if the use of sign language becomes necessary to enable deaf people to access employment, career advancement or training, the issue could possibly fall under the scope of Council Directive 2000/78/EC of 27 November 2000 establishing a general framework as long as equal treatment in employment in addition to occupation.” United Nations convention on the rights of persons with disabilities what does it say in general Article 8 – Awareness-raising 1. States Parties undertake to adopt immediate, effective in addition to appropriate measures: a) To raise awareness throughout society, including at the family level, regarding persons with disabilities, in addition to to foster respect as long as the rights in addition to dignity of persons with disabilities; Measures to this end include: b) Fostering at all levels of the education system, including in all children from an early age, an attitude of respect as long as the rights of persons with disabilities; d) Promoting awareness-training programmes regarding persons with disabilities in addition to the rights of persons with disabilities.

What does the UN Convention say on accessibility Article 9 – Accessibility 2. States Parties shall also take appropriate measures to: e) Provide as long as ms of live assistance in addition to intermediaries, including guides, readers in addition to professional sign language interpreters, to facilitate accessibility to buildings in addition to other facilities open to the public; And there are articles on education, sport, leisure time, etc What does the UN Convention say on access to in as long as mation Article 21 – Freedom of expression in addition to opinion, in addition to access to in as long as mation b) Accepting in addition to facilitating the use of sign languages, Braille, augmentative in addition to alternative communication, in addition to all other accessible means, modes in addition to as long as mats of communication of their choice by persons with disabilities in official interactions; Article 2 – Definitions: “Language” includes spoken in addition to signed languages in addition to other as long as ms of non spoken languages; Why difficult to develop in addition to harmonise There is no reliable data in addition to comparable pieces of in as long as mation on the national practices in addition to structures; There is no interchangeablility between educational levels in addition to (with) national sign languages also differ from one another; There is no adopted in addition to as long as malised international sign language interpreters’ education.

Hungary is a good example in legislation 1. The new law on the rights of people with communication disabilities focusing on sign language in addition to sign language interpreters’ services means a new in addition to serious impetus; 2. Strong co-operation in addition to close partnership between civil organizations, political parties, service providers in addition to media; 3. Within the self-advocacy organizations basic sign language courses are provided; 4. Since SINOSZ alone maintains 12 centres as long as sign language interpreters’ in the country, in many counties the so-called self-advocacy activities in addition to services are in harmony. 2009 Act on the Hungarian Sign Language in addition to the use of Hungarian Sign Language World’s most complex sign langauge law Sign Language recognised as a language in its own right Guarantees interpretation services Makes it compulsory to educate Deaf children in sign language or bilingually Provides equal access to public services A sign language interpreter is to be provided during criminal proceedings Amending the Radio in addition to Television Broadcasting Act by specifying how many hours should be interpreted to sign language (e.g. 4 hours per day in 2011) New European Disability Strategy (EDS) Adopted on 15.11.2010 It’s complementary Adopted action programme till 2015 Based on MSs’ competencies 8 priority:

5th Priority – education in addition to training „Increase knowledge on education levels in addition to opportunities of people with disabilities” „Support policy developments towards the goal of inclusive in addition to quality education in addition to training within the framework of the Youth on the move initiative „ „Increase the mobility of people with disabilities through enhancing their participation in the Lifelong Learning Programme in addition to the Youth in Action Programme” INI report on mobility in addition to inclusion of PwD 1/2 Civil in addition to human rights The importance of data collection in addition to consultation with stakeholder Demographic changes in addition to a barrier-free environment Free movement in addition to barrier-free services Equal opportunities Investing in people with disabilities Lifestyles The fight against poverty INI report on mobility in addition to inclusion of PwD 2/2 Some new in addition to innovative aims: Stresses the importance of research into new therapeutic methods which further facilitate the integration of people with disabilities into society; calls on the Commission in addition to the Member States to guarantee their rights in addition to take measures to improve their quality of life by providing, inter alia, access to practical in as long as mation on everyday issues, including by familiarising them with skills-building procedures in addition to services which have an impact on family life Urges the Commission to take the necessary measures to help the visually impaired to carry out business transactions; Calls on the Commission to increase ef as long as ts to achieve individually-tailored navigation-based services as long as the blind in addition to those with serious visual impairments; Calls on the Commission in addition to the Council to improve access as long as people with disabilities in the field of copyright; Calls on the Commission to prepare a study with people with visual impairments in mind analysing the characteristics of the digital displays (interfaces) of industrial in addition to domestic products in addition to alternative, equivalent in as long as mation solutions as long as blind people; Calls on the Member States in addition to Commission to recognise sign language as an official language in the Member States; notes that the Member States should there as long as e work towards the possibility of such a recognition, in accordance with the Brussels Declaration of 19 November 2010

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General conclusions MEPs should focus on European Employment Strategy in addition to the relevant flagship initiatives of EU2020; MEPs may follow the consultations on National Re as long as m Programmes with special regard to people with disabilities MEPs should care about the disabled people without skills needed in an innovative world regarding the disadvantages of globalisation More attention should be paid to following the programmes of the European Social Fund in addition to European Regional in addition to Development Fund in addition to their future Alone or together Lack of awareness on rights is a feature of the deaf in addition to hard of hearing community Does it explain a communication blockage in the background The answer is clear: ONLY TOGETHER! The majority of people with disabilities cannot st in addition to up as long as their rights Defending rights can be successful without partners or how much can a lonely stakeholder be successful Thank you as long as your attention!

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