Spain Builds an American Empire A. First Encounters B. Other Explorers take to the seas B. Other Explorers take to the seas II. Spanish Conquests in Mexico A. Cortes Conquers the Aztecs

Spain Builds an American Empire A. First Encounters B. Other Explorers take to the seas B. Other Explorers take to the seas II. Spanish Conquests in Mexico A. Cortes Conquers the Aztecs www.phwiki.com

Spain Builds an American Empire A. First Encounters B. Other Explorers take to the seas B. Other Explorers take to the seas II. Spanish Conquests in Mexico A. Cortes Conquers the Aztecs

Jacks, Richard, Meteorologist has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Spain Builds an American Empire Chapter 4 Section 1 I. The Voyages of Columbus A. First Encounters 1. October 12, 1492 the Nina, Pinta, in addition to Santa Maria caught sight of a shore after months of sailing west looking as long as a westward passage to the East Indies 2. Columbus had not reached the East Indies but instead had l in addition to ed in the Bahamas 3. He named it San Salvador-meaning Holy Savior A. First Encounters 4. Columbus embarked on three more voyages as long as Spain helping Spain create colonies- or l in addition to s that are controlled by another nation.

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B. Other Explorers take to the seas 1. Pedro Alvares Cabral- A Portuguese explorer who claimed Brazil as long as Portugal B. Other Explorers take to the seas 2. Amerigo Vespucci-Traveled through South America in addition to realized that this was not Asia in addition to told Europe on his return trip of his discovery. As a result the “new world” was named America B. Other Explorers take to the seas 3. Ferdin in addition to Magellan sailed around the Southern tip of South America in addition to became the first European to set eyes on the Pacific Ocean

II. Spanish Conquests in Mexico A. Cortes Conquers the Aztecs 1. Hern in addition to o Cortes l in addition to ed on the shores of Mexico in addition to discovered the Aztec people. Later explores were coined the term Conquistadors 2. Montezuma II believed that Cortes was a God in addition to wished to please him by giving mass amounts of gold A. Cortes Conquers the Aztecs 3. Then the Spanish attacked the Aztecs in addition to a war ensued. Cortes in addition to his 600 men, with support of enemies of the Aztecs, defeated the Aztecs in 1521 4. Diseases like measles, small pox, mumps, in addition to typhus devastate the Native American populations more than war. III. Spanish Conquests in Peru A. Pizzaro Subdues the Inca 1. Pizarro in addition to his army of 200 ambush the Incan ruler Athahualpa in addition to kidnap him. Pizarro dem in addition to s the Incas to fill an entire room with jewels in addition to gold as long as his release. The Inca’s comply but the Spanish strangle the king in addition to the Incas flee demoralized.

A. Pizzaro Subdues the Inca 2. Pizarro then marches on to the Inca capital Cuzco where they capture the city without a fight 3. By the middle of the 16th century Spain had created an American empire B. Spain’s Patterns of Conquest 1. The Spaniards drew upon earlier techniques of the reconquista of Spain in addition to adopted them to the Americas. This meant living with the conquered people in addition to imposing their way of life on them B. Spain’s Patterns of Conquest 2. This resulted in the Spanish men having relations with the native women creating a large Mestizo population-mixed Spanish in addition to Native American offspring

B. Spain’s Patterns of Conquest 3. The Spanish made the Native Americans work in a system called encomienda. This system as long as ced the natives to farm, ranch in addition to mine as long as the Spanish l in addition to lords. Many natives were treated harshly C. The Portuguese in Brazil Brazil was the only Portuguese controlled l in addition to in South America. Cabral had made the claim as long as Portugal. The Portuguese built large sugar plantations that provided financial growth as long as the country

Jacks, Richard NBC 13 News at 10 PM Weekend - WVTM-TV Meteorologist www.phwiki.com

Jacks, Richard Meteorologist

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