Finding the root cause of ESD problems Dr. David Pommerenke With contributions f

Finding the root cause of ESD problems Dr. David Pommerenke With contributions f www.phwiki.com

Finding the root cause of ESD problems Dr. David Pommerenke With contributions f

Johnston, Betty, Freelance Columnist has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Finding the root cause of ESD problems Dr. David Pommerenke With contributions from all members of the EMC laboratory University Missouri Rolla – EMC laboratory pommerenke@ece.umr.edu ESD is combines many tests in one test ESD failure analysis Susceptibility scanning Voltage in traces during ESD testing Content Definitions Hard-error: Any error that leads to a physical failure of the IC. (Excessive leakage current, loss of functionality) Soft-error: Any error that can be cured by resetting the system (logical errors: bit error, false reset)

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Physical parameters that may lead to an ESD failure ESD combines many different tests into one test st in addition to ard. From electrostatics, via breakdown physics to a 1 GHz 20kV/m pulse. It failed, what now Is it a soft or a hard failure At which test point did it fail At which voltage did it fail Was it in contact or air discharge mode How repeatable is the failure It has failed! – What to do now Question: What do you do to debug ESD problems How to fix it Exact circuit underst in addition to ing Pro: The most cost efficient solution. Learn how to design in the future. Contra: Need to underst in addition to software Need to underst in addition to circuits Requires specialized equipment May require special firmware Shielding Pro: No system underst in addition to ing needed. If it works, the fast! Contra: Often more expensive solution Adds material But how to do it

20mm 50mm 200mm @ 8kV, restart @ 10kV restart @ 15kV restart EUT display Local probing around the EUT A first start of finding the root cause may be: Locating sensitivity on the outside might help to correlate to the affected IC or trace, but: Outside location may only be a result of breach in shielding Outside location is too broad to correlate to details inside: Let’s go inside! Different coupling mechanisms require different probes Injection can be done: To the enclosure To cables To connectors To boards To board traces To lead-frames traces – dm – cm – mm – cm2 – 5 mil (using microscope) – 1 mil (using microscope) Probes used as long as injection

Different coupling mechanisms require different probes Direct injection between to “grounds”. In selecting the right injection method one has to try to emulate the same excitation mechanism as occurs during the st in addition to ardized test or at the customer site. Anticipating the right method is often guided by carefully observing the differences of failure signature at different test points. Disturbance sources: TLP in addition to narrow pulse The measurement of the high voltage transmission line pulse generator output pulse, about 500 ps rise (20-80%) Less than 200 ps pulse Narrow pulse generator Automated Susceptibility Scanning system of UMR Brief explanation The system moves injection probes to predefined locations, injects pulses in addition to observes the system response. In most cases, pulses are “ESD-like”, e.g., having rise times 0.1 -2 ns. Injection is done using different injection probes as long as testing direct coupling, E in addition to H-field coupling. If needed, the voltages at the input of the IC are measured during the ESD event.

Automated Susceptibility Scanning system of UMR Critical is the error feedback: A test code needs to be operating on the EUT. The test code signals to the control PC if a malfunction has occurred. If so, the level of injected noise (by source setting, not by induced voltage) is recorded in addition to the EUT is reset. Test flow diagram Example: Identifying sensitive nets Besides direct coupling to an IC, four sensitive nets are identified Only 4 nets are sensitive, but there sensitivity is 10X as strong as any other net Net 1 Net 2 Net 3 Net 4 Net 1 Net 2 Net 3 Net 4

The same area is scanned using different polarization of the H-field probe. The difference between the “left” in addition to the “right” polarization is the polarity of the induced noise voltage. The sensitive traces are identified by circuit diagram. If needed a finer scan is per as long as med. Example: Identifying sensitive nets A critical part of the board in the previous scanned area has been fine-scanned using very small magnetic field probe to identify the correct trace The scan resolution was set to 0.5mm x 0.5mm The small probe couples less energy into the trace, but in a highly localized area Example: Identifying sensitive nets Net 1 Net 2 Net 2 Net 3 After comparing the identified sensitive nets with PCB layout, three nets have been identified to be sensitive to ESD The sensitivity of those nets have been quantified in terms of applied voltage in the HV generator Induced current direction on the each sensitive net has been identified Modification to a sensitive net

TX RX 100ohm 330pF Filter Location Modification to a sensitive net Simple Low Pass Be as long as e After Filter location Modification to a sensitive net Scanned Area Medium Magnetic Probe The top side of the PCB is scanned using the medium size magnetic probe with four different polarization Some sensitive areas on the IC are identified Direct coupling to ICs

Direct coupling to ICs Signal couples directly into the IC IC reacts to narrow pulses much narrower than the intended signals 300ps For such an ICs, no PCB or shielding solution is economical. Scanning can identify such situations in addition to help to verify improvements in the IC design, packaging (e.g., flip-chip) or the control software. In our experience, direct coupling to ICs is growing problem: Fast IC process technology is used more in addition to more in badly shielded products. Coupling to PCBs is reduced by burried layers in addition to traces Dense PCBs have hardly any traces visible (BGA packages) New is better, well . Shown are the voltage settings of a pulse generator at which an upset occurs if A narrow pulse (less than 300 ps width at 50% amplitude) is causing an upset of the IC. Note: the new IC per as long as med worse! Worsening ESD soft-error per as long as mance is a significant risk if new processes are introduced, or if I/O structures are modified. Voltages on traces

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Semi rigid coax cable, connected to 20GS/sec 6 GHz b in addition to width scope 470 Ohm GND VIA (close to the Trace) How measure in-circuit while pulsing The trace is loaded by 470 + 50 Ohm. The small loop area ensures little dB/dt coupling in addition to good frequency response of the probing method. Three traces have been isolated by terminating/filtering circuits Double pulse has been eliminated The reset line still reacts to this narrow pulse (the system crashed) It has been shown that the IC of interest is causing the crash, reacting to a very narrow pulse Very Narrow pulse on slow status line (< 150ps) leads to crash Voltages on a status line Clock-N Clock-P Pulse has been applied repeatedly, increasing the voltage until system crashes Wave as long as ms are recorded (20 GHz / 6 Gsample/sec). Differential clock ESD Event on differential clock Very sensitive to noise during the transition ESD Event on differential clock No crash! + - Clock-N Clock-P Differential input has an offset The result is repeatable. Increasing difference should not lead to a system crash. Why Noise increased differential voltage IC ESD System level ESD Consequence St in addition to ard Voltage DUT Operating Application method Tested properties When does it occur Destructive CDM / HBM / MM Typically < 3000 IC, sub system System is not powered Direct to the IC PINs IC protection circuits Manufacturing, h in addition to ling Destructive in addition to Upset IEC 61000-4-2 Typically < 15 000 System System is operating Enclosure, PINs System design Qualification tests, Customer site IC in addition to system level ESD testing The board has been scanned with four different probe polarization (up, down, left, right) to take account of the induced current on the board The medium size magnetic field probe was used with 1.5mm x 1.5mm scan resolution ESD sensitive net can be identified roughly, but the resolution is not so fine enough to pin point a single trace. Example: Identifying sensitive nets

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Energy Recovered Linacs in addition to Ponderomotive Spectral Broadening G. A. Krafft Jeffe

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Energy Recovered Linacs in addition to Ponderomotive Spectral Broadening G. A. Krafft Jeffe

Mooney, Loren, Executive Editor has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal Energy Recovered Linacs in addition to Ponderomotive Spectral Broadening G. A. Krafft Jefferson Lab Outline Recirculating linacs defined in addition to described Review of recirculating SRF linacs Energy recovered linacs Energy recovered linacs as light sources Ancient history: lasers in addition to electrons Dipole emission from a free electron Thomson scattering Motion of an electron in a plane wave Equations of motion Exact solution as long as classical electron in a plane wave Applications to scattered spectrum General solution as long as small a Finite a effects Ponderomotive broadening Sum Rules Conclusions Schematic Representation of Accelerator Types RF Installation Beam injector in addition to dump Beamline Linac Recirculating Linac Ring

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Why Recirculate Per as long as mance upgrade of a previously installed linac Stan as long as d Superconducting Accelerator in addition to MIT Bates doubled their energy this way Cheaper design to get a given per as long as mance Microtrons, by many passes, reuse expensive RF many times to get energy up. Penalty is that the average current has to be reduced proportional to 1/number passes, as long as the same installed RF. Jefferson Lab CEBAF type machines: add passes until the “decremental” gain in RF system in addition to operating costs no longer pays as long as an additional recirculating loop Jefferson Lab FEL in addition to other Energy Recovered Linacs (ERLs) save the cost of higher average power RF equipment ( in addition to much higher operating costs) at higher CW operating currents by “reusing” beam energy through beam recirculation. Beam Energy Recovery Recirculation path length in st in addition to ard configuration recirculated linac. For energy recovery choose it to be (n + 1/2)RF. Then Beam Energy Recovery Recirculation path length in herring-bone configuration recirculated linac. For energy recovery choose it to be nRF. Note additional complication: path length has to be an integer at each in addition to every different accelerating cavity location in the linac.

Comparison between Linacs in addition to Storage Rings Advantage Linacs Emittance dominated by source emittance in addition to emittance growth down linac Beam polarization “easily” produced at the source, switched, in addition to preserved Total transit time is quite short Beam is easily extracted. Utilizing source laser control, flexible bunch patterns possible Long undulaters are a natural addition Bunch durations can be SMALL (10-100 fsec) Comparison Linacs in addition to Storage Rings Advantage Storage Rings Up to now, the stored average current is much larger Very efficient use of accelerating voltage Technology well developed in addition to mature Disadvantage Storage Rings Technology well developed in addition to mature (maybe!) The synchrotron radiation damping equilibrium, in addition to the emittance in addition to bunch length it generates, must be accepted Power Multiplication Factor Energy recovered beam recirculation is nicely quantified by the notion of a power multiplication factor: where Prf is the RF power needed to accelerate the beam By the first law of thermodynamics (energy conservation!) k < 1 in any linac not recirculated. Beam recirculation with beam deceleration somewhere is necessary to achieve k > 1 If energy IS very efficiently recycled from the accelerating to the decelerating beam

High Multiplication Factor Linacs Will use the words “High Multiplication Factor Linac” as long as those designs that feature high k. CEBAF (matched beam load) k=0.99; (typical) k=0.8 JLAB IR DEMO k=16 JLAB 10 kW Upgrade k=33 Cornell/JLAB ERL k=200 (proposed) BNL PERL k=500 (proposed) Recirculated Linacs High Multiplication Factor Superconducting Linacs LBNL Short Pulse X-ray Facility (proposed) k=0.1 Normal Conducting Recirculators k 1 Comparison Accelerator Types Typical results by accelerator type More Modern Reason to Recirculate! A renewed general interest in beam recirculation has arisen due to the success of Jefferson Lab’s high average current energy recovered Free Electron Lasers (FELs), in addition to the broader realization that it may be possible to achieve beam parameters “Unachievable” in storage rings or linacs without recirculation. ERL synchrotron source: Beam power in a typical synchrotron source is (100 mA)(5 GeV)=500 MW. Realistically, even the federal govt. will be unable to provide a third of a nuclear plant to run a synchrotron source. Idea is to use the high multiplication factor possible in energy recovered designs to reduce the power load. Pulse lengths of order 100 fsec or smaller may in be possible in an ERL source; “impossible” at a storage ring. Better emittance may be possible too. The limits, in particular the average current carrying capacity of possible recirculated linac designs, are not yet determined in addition to may be far in excess of what the FELs can do!

Challenges as long as Beam Recirculation Additional Linac Instability Multipass Beam Breakup (BBU) Observed first at Illinois Superconducting Racetrack Microtron Limits the average current at a given installation Made better by damping non-fundamental electromagnetic High Order Modes (HOMs) in the cavities Best we can tell at CEBAF, threshold current is around 20 mA, measured to be several mA in the FEL Changes based on beam recirculation optics Turn around optics tends to be a bit different than in storage rings or more conventional linacs. Longitudinal beam dynamics gets coupled more strongly to the transverse dynamics in addition to nonlinear corrections different HOM cooling will perhaps limit the average current in such devices. Challenges as long as Beam Recirculation High average current sources needed to provide beam Right now, looks like a good way to get there is with DC photocathode sources as we have in the Jefferson Lab FEL. Need higher fields in the acceleration gap in the gun. Need better vacuum per as long as mance in the beam creation region to increase the photocathode lifetimes. Goal is to get the photocathode decay times above the present storage ring Toushek lifetimes Beam dumping of the recirculated beam can be a challenge. Recirculating SRF Linacs

The CEBAF at Jefferson Lab Most radical innovations (had not been done be as long as e on the scale of CEBAF): choice of Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) technology use of multipass beam recirculation Until LEP II came into operation, CEBAF was the world’s largest implementation of SRF technology. CEBAF Accelerator Layout C. W. Leemann, D. R. Douglas, G. A. Krafft, “The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility: CEBAF at the Jefferson Laboratory”, Annual Reviews of Nuclear in addition to Particle Science, 51, 413-50 (2001) has a long reference list on the CEBAF accelerator. Many references on Energy Recovered Linacs may be found in a recent ICFA Beam Dynamics Newsletter, 26, Dec. 2001: http://icfa-usa/archive/newsletter/icfa-bd-nl-26.pdf CEBAF Beam Parameters

Short Bunches in CEBAF Wang, Krafft, in addition to Sinclair, Phys. Rev. E, 2283 (1998) Short Bunch Configuration Kazimi, Sinclair, in addition to Krafft, Proc. 2000 LINAC Conf., 125 (2000) dp/p data: 2-Week Sample Record Secondary Hall (Hall A) 23-Mar 27-Mar 31-Mar 4-Apr Time X in addition to sigma X in mm Energy spread Energy drift Primary Hall (Hall C) Date 23-Mar 27-Mar 31-Mar 4-Apr Energy drift Energy spread 1E-4 Courtesy: Jean-Claude Denard Energy Spread less than 50 ppm in Hall C, 100 ppm in Hall A

Energy Recovered Linacs The concept of energy recovery first appears in literature by Maury Tigner, as a suggestion as long as alternate HEP colliders There have been several energy recovery experiments to date, the first one in a superconducting linac at the Stan as long as d SCA/FEL Same-cell energy recovery with cw beam current up to 10 mA in addition to energy up to 150 MeV has been demonstrated at the Jefferson Lab 10 kW FEL. Energy recovery is used routinely as long as the operation of the FEL as a user facility Maury Tigner, Nuovo Cimento 37 (1965) T.I. Smith, et al., “Development of the SCA/FEL as long as use in Biomedical in addition to Materials Science Experiments,” NIMA 259 (1987) The SCA/FEL Energy Recovery Experiment The as long as mer Recyclotron beam recirculation system could not be used to obtain the peak current required as long as FEL lasing in addition to was replaced by a doubly achromatic single-turn recirculation line. Same-cell energy recovery was first demonstrated in an SRF linac at the SCA/FEL in July 1986 Beam was injected at 5 MeV into a ~50 MeV linac (up to 95 MeV in 2 passes) Nearly all the imparted energy was recovered. No FEL inside the recirculation loop. T. I. Smith, et al., NIM A259, 1 (1987) N. R. Sereno, “Experimental Studies of Multipass Beam Breakup in addition to Energy Recovery using the CEBAF Injector Linac,” Ph.D. Thesis, University of Illinois (1994) CEBAF Injector Energy Recovery Experiment

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Courtesy: N. Sereno, Ph.D. Thesis (1994) Instability Mechanism Threshold Current If the average current exceeds the threshold current have instability (exponentially growing cavity amplitude!) Growth Rate where Krafft, Bisognano, in addition to Laubach, unpublished (1988) Wiggler assembly Neil, G. R., et. al, Physical Review Letters, 84, 622 (2000) Jefferson Lab IR DEMO FEL

FEL Accelerator Parameters ENERGY RECOVERY WORKS Gradient modulator drive signal in a linac cavity measured without energy recovery (signal level around 2 V) in addition to with energy recovery (signal level around 0). Courtesy: Lia Merminga Longitudinal Phase Space Manipulations Simulation calculations of longitudinal dynamics of JLAB FEL Piot, Douglas, in addition to Krafft, Phys. Rev. ST-AB, 6, 0030702 (2003)

Conclusions Because the laser beam in a Thomson scatter source can interact with the electron beam non-colinearly with the beam motion (a piece of physics that cannot happen in an undulator), ponderomotively driven transverse dipole motion is now possible This motion can generate radiation at the second harmonic of the up-shifted incident frequency on axis. The dipole direction is in the direction of laser incidence. Because of Doppler shifts generated by the ponderomotive displacement velocity induced in the electron by the intense laser, the frequency of the emitted radiation has an angular asymmetry. Sum rules as long as the total energy radiated, which generalize the usual Larmor/Lenard sum rule, have been obtained.

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U.S. ARMY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL Financial Management School Vision Questions

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U.S. ARMY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL Financial Management School Vision Questions

Pappas, Jennifer, Editorial Assistant has reference to this Academic Journal, PHwiki organized this Journal proponency@hqda.army.milhttp://www.asafm.army.milAKO Page: Comptroller Proponency OfficeARMY COMPTROLLER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES VALISA FARRINGTON-LYNCH & DAN BOLASCOMPTROLLER PROPONENCY OFFICECML (703) 695-7655 DSN 225-76550AGENDATraining, Education in addition to Professional Development OpportunitiesArmy-wide Education in addition to Professional Developmental Opportunities1Training, Education in addition to Professional Development Opportunities2

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EDUCATION AND TRAINING ILE PPBE RMBC RMTCACC ECC DFMC Fiscal LawDCP DMBAFMP DDSC TWI MML DRMC EDFMTRank&ExperienceBreadth in addition to depth of knowledge/skills A NATURAL PART OF YOUR CAREERSSCSRMCNSSC3 PURPOSE: Provides a basic multi-disciplined financial in addition to resource management overview to officers in addition to other personnel newly assigned to the Comptroller Career Field without a multi-disciplined background. The course blends current DoD/Army management in addition to the latest in academic management techniques. DURATION: 4 weeks at Syracuse University FREQUENCY: Three times per year FUNDING: Central/competitive selection TARGET: Military Officer – Captain in addition to above Military Enlisted – SFC in addition to above (MOS 36C); Staff Sergeant with waiver Civilian – GS-9 in addition to above/NSPS Equivalent or 2d Yr Intern (m in addition to atory)ARMY COMPTROLLER COURSE (ACC)FY 2010 Course DatesACC 10-I Jan 11 – Feb 04, 2010ACC 10-II Apr 19 – May 13, 2010ACC 10-III Aug 10 – Aug 28, 2010ACC 10-IV Sep 20 – Oct 08, 20104 PURPOSE: Department of the Army/Syracuse University cooperative professional development course provides mid-level military in addition to civilian financial managers a broad perspective of the core competencies of Defense Financial Management in addition to the application of those competencies in the U.S. Army covers core competencies required as long as the Certified Defense Financial Manager (CDFM). DURATION: 3 1/2 weeks at Syracuse University FREQUENCY: Three times per year FUNDING: Central/competitive selection TARGET: Military Officer: BC 36 Majors in addition to Lieutenant Colonels Enlisted: Military Occupational Specialty 36 Master Sergeant & above: Sergeant First Class with waiver Comptroller Civilian Career Program (CP 11) Manpower & Force Management (CP 26) GS 9 (Full Per as long as mance Positions), GS11-13 in addition to NSPS Equivalent EXECUTIVE COMPTROLLER COURSE (ECC)120 CPEs4FY 2010 Course DatesECC 10-I Oct 19 – Nov 12, 2009ECC 10-II Feb 22 – Mar 18, 2010ECC 10-III Jun 07 – Jul 01, 20105

DEFENSE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT COURSE (DFMC) PURPOSE: To prepare DoD personnel to advise senior leaders in future strategic discussion support roles. Four goals of DFMC are: broaden awareness of the diverse financial management framework within DoD; underst in addition to the impact of the strategic environment on the DoD mission; enhance leadership in addition to interpersonal skills; in addition to comprehend contingency operations concepts in addition to their impact on FM. DURATION: 4 Weeks at the Defense Financial Management in addition to Comptroller School at Maxwell Air Force Base FREQUENCY: Four Times Per Year FUNDING: Central/Competitive Selection TARGET: Military: Officer – Major in addition to Above Enlisted: Master Sergeant in addition to above SFC with waiver Civilian: GS-11 in addition to NSPS Equivalent Joint ServiceRequirements: 4 Year degree or 5 years FM experience Successful completion of at least 2 FM related courses Evaluation of self development activities in addition to job per as long as mance last 5 yearsFY 2010 Course DatesDFMC 10-A Jan 11 – Feb 05, 2010DFMC 10-B Apr 12 – May 07, 2010DFMC 10-C Jun 07 – Jul 01, 2010DFMC 10-D Aug 09 – Sep 03, 2010160 CPEs6DEFENSE DECISION SUPPORT COURSE (DDSC) Course provides senior leaders with an underst in addition to ing of Decision Support, introduces a Decision Support Model, in addition to describes various analysis tools in addition to techniques (both quantitative in addition to qualitative); students put concepts into action through practical exercises. 5 days at the Defense Financial Management & Comptroller School (DFM&CS), Maxwell Air Force Base, AL GS 13 to GS 15/NSPS Equivalent; MAJ to COL; Senior Enlisted NOTE: Students should possess a broad knowledge of the DoD FM environment, a strategic perspective, in addition to above average critical/creative thinking in addition to oral in addition to written communication skills. Training Centrally FundedFY 2010 Course DatesDDSC 10-A Nov 16 – Nov 20, 2009DDSC 10-B Feb 22 – Feb 26, 2010DDSC 10-C May 17 – May 21, 2010DDSC 10-D Sep 13 – Sep 17, 20107ENHANCED DEFENSE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING (EDFMT) PURPOSE: One week course to improve the overall technical in addition to managerial capabilities of the DoD financial management work as long as ce. Taught by The Graduate School instructors in addition to other sources. FREQUENCY: Average of 68 classes at 42 locations (4 OCONUS), class size is 32 personnel Approximately 2040 DoD financial managers will receive training Army has average of 485 annual allocations TARGET: Military BC 36/BC 70C Active Duty Officer (Major in addition to Above) Enlisted: Master Sergeant & above; SFC with waiver (MOS 36C) GS-09 or higher/NSPS Equivalent In occupational series: 343, 501, 505, 510, 511, 560, 1515 Has at least 160 duty hours of FM training or professional development. Has at least an Associates’ degree or 5 years of FM experience. Apply online:https://www/atrrs/army.mil/edfmtNot as long as Interns8

SENIOR RESOURCE MANAGERS COURSE (SRMC) PURPOSE: To discuss current issues in the management of resource management; to better underst in addition to the changing resource management environment of the Army in addition to DoD; to provide a venue as long as senior resource managers to discuss issues in addition to share solutions; in addition to to develop solutions to management of resource management issues. DURATION: Four in addition to one half days at Syracuse University facilities. FREQUENCY: Twice A Year FUNDING: Central/Competitive Selection TARGET: Military: Officer – LTC/COL Senior Enlisted Civilian: GS14/GS15/NSPS EquivalentFY 2010 Course DatesSRMC 10-I – Apr 12 – Apr 16, 2010SRMC 10-II – Sep 13 – Sep 17, 201030 CPEs9Two week resident programMaxwell School of Citizenship in addition to Public Affairs, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New YorkStudents DoD Civilians: (GS 14 – GS-15)/NSPS Equivalent Military: Officers (LTC – COL) Senior Enlisted NSS course prepares senior civilian in addition to military leaders as long as dem in addition to ing assignments in addition to challenges within a continuously evolving national security environment with respect to policy in addition to strategy. Provides the next generation of thinking in addition to leadership skills. Student will receive a certificate in National Security ManagementNATIONAL SECURITY STUDIES COURSE (NSSC)FY 2010 Course DatesNSSC – Apr 25 – May 7, 201010DEFENSE COMPTROLLERSHIP PROGRAM (DCP)Resident 14 month programSyracuse University, Syracuse, New York60 credit hour curriculum focused on ComptrollershipIntegration of functional in addition to traditional managerial skills with innovative competenciesStudents graduate with Masters in Business Administration in addition to an Executive Masters of Public AdministrationCentrally funded Long Term TrainingCivilian Selectees: 100% Per diem Centrally Funded Military Selectees: PCS11

DEFENSE COMPTROLLERSHIP PROGRAM (DCP)Average Class of 30 Students17 Military 13 CiviliansMilitary Captains in addition to Majors2 – 3 Active Guard in addition to Reserve Officers3 Senior NCOsCiviliansArmy GS-11s through GS-13s/NSPS Equivalent Other Services in addition to Defense AgenciesOperational Assignment as long as Army CiviliansMilitary go to AERS PositionsSuspense: Mid October every year12DEFENSE MASTERS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION IN FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM (DMBAFMP)Resident 18 month program at Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Cali as long as nia Start January one year graduate June of the following year Start July one year graduate December of the following year96 hour curriculum focused on financial management in addition to business administration, Integration of resource in addition to financial management theories, processes in addition to practicesStudents graduate with Masters in Business AdministrationCentrally fundedMilitary Captains in addition to Majors Less than 17 yrs Active Federal Service Military go to Army Education Requirements System PositionsCiviliansGS-11s through GS-13s/NSPS EquivalentReturn to previous positionsParent organization pays Salary in addition to Benefits Suspense: April in addition to October every year13CIVILIAN LONG TERM TRAINING UNIVERSITY/COLLEGE PROGRAMSLong Term Training is 120 Days or MoreAll Levels of Academic Degrees-Associate, Bachelor, Master GS-11 in addition to Above (GS-9 Waiver)/NSPS EquivalentCentrally Funded through ACTEDS—Tuition in addition to BooksFull-Time (One Year) or Part-Time AttendanceAPPLY EARLY—at least 90 – 120 days be as long as e first classFY 2010 Suspense DatesFY 10 – 1st QTR 01 Sep 2009FY 10 – 2ND QTR 01 Nov 2009FY 10 – 3RD QTR 01 Jan 2010FY 10 – 4TH QTR 01 Mar 2010CP11 CiviliansOnlyAcademic Degree Training (ADT)14

DEVELOPMENTAL ASSIGNMENTS CP11 CiviliansOnlyA Professional Development OpportunityLength Varies, 3-12 MonthsGS-11 in addition to Above/NSPS EquivalentAnnouncementsDepartment of Army – WideMemor in addition to a, WWW, E-MailForms in addition to DocumentsTravel & 100% Per Diem Centrally FundedParent Organization pays Salary in addition to Benefits15 Develop BC 36 officers in addition to CP 11 careerists who:Will bring better business practices back from industry leaders as long as Army useCan benchmark Army per as long as mance against industry st in addition to ards in addition to identify areas needing improvementUnderst in addition to the workings of industry partners involved in the defense infrastructureCan think “out-of-the box” in addition to challenge paradigmsProvide professional growth opportunitiesBuild future RM leaders Enhance Executive AbilitiesShare Army business practices with industry Gain partnership in addition to involvement of industry leaders in national defense BC 36/CP 11 TRAINING WITH INDUSTRY (TWI) PROGRAM16 BC 36/CP 11 TRAINING WITH INDUSTRY (TWI) PROGRAM12 month Development Assignment Civilians: TDY Status, centrally funded 100% per diem Parent organization pays Salary in addition to Benefits Return to previous position Military: PCSd New assignment upon completion Eligibility: Military: MAJ or LTC (less than 19 years AFS) Civilian: GS12-GS14/NSPS Equivalent Must be a careerist in CP11, have career status, be serving in permanent competitive appointment, without time limitation, in addition to have a minimum of three years of consecutive DA service under one or more permanent appointments Suspense: Mid October every year ADSO/Recoupment: 3 times length of training assignment http://www.asafm.army.mil/proponency/pdinfo/cp11twi.doc17

Motorola – Personal Communications Sector – Libertyville, ILGeneral Electric – GE Rail Systems, Erie, PABoeing – Integrated Defense Systems, St Louis, MOGlobal eXchange Services (GXS) – e-Finance in addition to Financial Management Program, Gaithersburg, MDTRAINING WITH INDUSTRY PARTNERS18 RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MENTORSHIP PROGRAMFormal Mentoring ProgramGoal: Develop Skills in addition to CompetenciesApplication ProcessPartnered with a Senior RM ProfessionalParticipants Civilian: GS-5 through SES/NSPS EquivalentMilitary: Officer in addition to Enlisted-All Ranks Suspense: September every year19Army-wide/DoD Education in addition to Professional Developmental Opportunities20

Foundation Course – is as long as civilians entering the ArmyBasic Leader Course – is as long as leaders who exercise direct leadershipIntermediate Leader Course – is as long as civilian leaders whoexercise direct in addition to indirect supervisionAdvanced Leader Course – is as long as civilian leaders whoexercise predominately indirect supervision CIVILIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM (CES)Senior Service CollegeDefense Senior Leadership Development Program Civilian Education SystemCESCoursesGS-5-15/NSPS EquivalentGS-5-12/NSPS EquivalentGS-11-14/NSPS EquivalentGS-12-15/NSPS EquivalentGS-14-15/NSPS EquivalentGS-13-15/NSPS Equivalentwww.amsc.belvoir.army.mil21CIVILIAN LEADER DEVELOPMENT OVERVIEW22CIVILIAN LEADER DEVELOPMENTONLINE COURSESSupervisor Development CourseManager Development CourseAction Officer Development CourseDistributed Learning (dL) Available Through the WebProvides supervisors in addition to managers with civilian administration skills such as work management in addition to basic supervisionRequired as long as employees in supervisory in addition to management positionsAssists supervisors in addition to managers with basic skills as long as managing work in addition to leading peopleRecommended as long as all civilians in supervisory in addition to management positionsDesigned as long as civilians who “work actions” on behalf of senior staff officers or comm in addition to ers Required as long as interns Completion required be as long as e they complete the intern program

Pappas, Jennifer Go Boating Editorial Assistant www.phwiki.com

FOUNDATION COURSEDA Civilian who underst in addition to s in addition to appreciates Army values in addition to customs; serves professionally as a member of the Department of the Army; acquires foundation competencies as long as leader developmentKnows how to build teams, in addition to practices group dynamicsMeets DA administrative requirements57 HOURS DISTRIBUTED LEARNING (dL)24BASIC COURSE2 WEEKS RESIDENT, 40 HOURS DISTRIBUTED LEARNING25INTERMEDIATE COURSEDA civilian skilled in leading; managing human in addition to financial resources; implementing change; directing program management in addition to systems integration; displaying flexibility, resilience, in addition to focus on mission3 WEEKS RESIDENT, 44 HOURS DISTRIBUTED LEARNING (dL)26

ADVANCED COURSE4 WEEKS RESIDENT 63 HOURS DISTRIBUTED LEARNING (dL)Leads a complex organization, in addition to inspires vision in addition to creativity27CES Equivalency28CES Continuing Education as long as Senior Leaders (CESL) CourseContinuing education sustainment program as long as civilians in addition to military officers, in addition to senior enlisted personnel together; to discuss current in addition to relevant issues facing the Army One Week Resident Program Small & Large Group Activities Guest SpeakersCivilian Enrollment thru Civilian Human Resources Training Application System (CHRTAS)ATRRS.ARMY.MIL/CHANNELS/CHRTASMilitary EnrollmentAMSC RegistrarAMSC.BELVOIR.ARMY.MIL/CESL29

Questions 57

Pappas, Jennifer Editorial Assistant

Pappas, Jennifer is from United States and they belong to Go Boating and they are from  Irvine, United States got related to this Particular Journal. and Pappas, Jennifer deal with the subjects like Boating

Journal Ratings by Golf Academy of America-Farmers Branch

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by Golf Academy of America-Farmers Branch and short form of this particular Institution is TX and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.

 

7 July 2011 Assessing the Value in consideration of Money of Regulation of

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The Above Picture is Related Image of Another Journal

 

7 July 2011 Assessing the Value in consideration of Money of Regulation of

Golf Academy of America-Farmers Branch, TX has reference to this Academic Journal, 7 July 2011 Assessing the Value in consideration of Money of Regulation of Infrastructure Networks Anne Taylor & Alex Scharaschkin Assessing the Value in consideration of Money of Regulation of Infrastructure Networks The UK National Audit Office Regulation of UK infrastructure industries Value in consideration of money Principles of performance measurement Challenges in consideration of regulators Impacts The UK National Audit Office Our role To provide independent information, assurance in addition to advice so that Parliament on the use of public resources To help promote better financial management in addition to value in consideration of money

 Taylor, Elizabeth Golf Academy of America-Farmers Branch www.phwiki.com

 

Related University That Contributed for this Journal are Acknowledged in the above Image

 

Regulation of UK infrastructure industries Sector economic regulators are independent of Government Varying levels of competition between sectors: Rail Postal services Gas & electricity transmission Water Gas & electricity supply Telecoms Value in consideration of money Good value in consideration of money is the optimal use of resources so that achieve the intended outcomes Value in consideration of money Resources (?) Inputs Outputs Outcomes Efficiency Economy Effectiveness Cost effectiveness / value in consideration of money External factors

Principles of performance measurement A performance measurement system should be: Focused on the organisation?s aims in addition to objectives Appropriate to, in addition to useful for, the stakeholders who are likely so that use it Balanced, giving a picture of what the organisation is doing, covering all significant areas of work Robust, in order so that withstand organisational changes or individuals leaving Integrated into the organisation, being part of the business planning in addition to management processes Cost Effective, balancing the benefits of the information against the costs Challenges in consideration of regulators Regulators face particular challenges in trying so that measure their performance, in consideration of example: determining indicators of outcomes reflecting the statutory duties set in consideration of them by Parliament appropriately recognising the fact that outcomes are usually influenced by other factors as well as the regulator’s actions determining thresholds in consideration of ?good? performance, given this problem of attribution Sphere of influence

7 July 2011 Assessing the Value in consideration of Money of Regulation of

Performance of the regulator vs performance of the market Requirements in consideration of effective regulation of cost efficiency Impacts Public Accounts Committee (PAC) Ofcom Office of Rail Regulation Ofgem nao anne.taylor@nao.gsi.gov alex.scharaschkin@nao.gsi.gov

Taylor, Elizabeth Editorial Assistant

Taylor, Elizabeth is from United States and they belong to Editorial Assistant and work for Sacramento Bee, The in the CA state United States got related to this Particular Article.

Journal Ratings by Golf Academy of America-Farmers Branch

This Particular Journal got reviewed and rated by and short form of this particular Institution is TX and gave this Journal an Excellent Rating.